Endiang

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Endiang
Endiang is located in Alberta
Endiang
Location of Endiang in Alberta
Coordinates: 51°57′14″N 112°09′30″W / 51.9539°N 112.1583°W / 51.9539; -112.1583
Country Canada
Province Alberta
Census divisionNo. 7
Municipal districtCounty of Stettler No. 6
Government
 • TypeUnincorporated
 • Governing bodyCounty of Stettler No. 6 Council
 • Area councillorLes Stulberg
Area
 • Total0.63 km2 (0.24 sq mi)
Elevation
870 m (2,850 ft)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total15
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST)

Endiang, Alberta is a hamlet in Alberta, Canada within the County of Stettler No. 6.[2] It is located approximately 80 kilometres (50 mi) southeast of Stettler, Alberta.

Although Endiang enjoyed fair prosperity in the early years of the 20th century, the Great Depression, World War II, and better transportation have led to the depopulation of the local farming community, and with it, of the hamlet. In former years, Endiang was home to a post office, two general stores, two hardware stores, bank, train station, grain elevators, hotel and pool hall, gas station, tractor dealership, lumber yard, and all the other establishment expected in most communities. Today, Endiang is still home to a community hall and a restaurant. Its population in 2011 was 35.[3]

The hamlet is located in census division No. 7 and in the federal riding of Crowfoot.

History[edit]

A little known fact about Endiang is that during the cold war it was considered the place most likely for conflict between the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.A. to begin. If the Soviet Union were to have fired a missile first, and the American military were to respond, it was considered likely that the two missiles would collide over Endiang. This fact was immortalised in the poem "Armageddon at Endiang, Alberta".

An interesting bit of history is that the original settlement of Endiang was located about 5 kilometers northeast of the present hamlet and was established by William Foreman on his homestead in 1910. It was named for a summer resort hotel the Foreman family owned in the Muskoka Lakes region of Ontario, named "Endiang," from the Anishinaabe language Endaayaang, meaning "our home".[4] The tiny settlement included a post office, store and hall. When the CNR built a railroad through the area in 1925 it missed the original settlement, so with the aid of horse power the buildings were moved to the new site of Endiang.

Endiang is also notable for being the home to the Shaben family, some of whom were involved in the establishment of the first mosque in Alberta.

NHL hockey player Darcy Tucker who played for Montreal, Tampa Bay, Toronto and Colorado was raised at Endiang and his family still resides there.

The history of the Endiang area was first recorded in local author Jean James' book This Was Endiang.[5] In 2002 the history of the area was updated with family histories included in the book "Endiang - Our Home". The latest 650 page history book was the project of the Endiang History Book Committee.[6]

The Endiang community celebrated their Centennial on July 23–25, 2010.

Geography[edit]

Endiang is located on a plain bounded by ranges of hills to the west and south, and by Sullivan Lake, a large alkali lake to the east. The Chain Lakes lie to the southwest. Its geography and climate is similar to that of most other prairie areas of East-Central and Southern Alberta, experiencing cold winters broken up by Chinook winds, and warm, dry summers. In recent years, Endiang has experienced both extreme droughts and extreme wet conditions, having a great impact on the local farming community, although this sort of weather pattern is typical of other such areas found in Palliser's Triangle.

Endiang's closest neighbor is the small hamlet of Byemoor, located about 8 miles (13 km) to the west. Together the two communities are commonly referred to as "Endmoor".

Demographics[edit]

As a designated place in the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Endiang recorded a population of 15 living in 8 of its 16 total private dwellings, a change of −57.1% from its 2011 population of 35. With a land area of 0.63 km2 (0.24 sq mi), it had a population density of 23.8/km2 (61.7/sq mi) in 2016.[1]

As a designated place in the 2011 Census, Endiang had a population of 35 living in 12 of its 12 total dwellings, a 0% change from its 2006 population of 35. With a land area of 0.7 km2 (0.27 sq mi), it had a population density of 50/km2 (129/sq mi) in 2011.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and designated places, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
  2. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs (2010-04-01). "Specialized and Rural Municipalities and Their Communities" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-02-29. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
  3. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and designated places, 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  4. ^ Freelang Ojibwe Dictionary
  5. ^ Jean James - This Was Endiang
  6. ^ Endiang History Book Committee (2002). Endiang : Our Home. ISBN 1-55056-862-0.

Coordinates: 51°57′14″N 112°09′30″W / 51.95389°N 112.15833°W / 51.95389; -112.15833