|Endotricha flammealis, upperside|
(Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
This species can be found in Central and Southern Europe and nearby regions.  Its range extends to Turkey, Crimea, Cyprus, Iran (via the Caucasus), to Lebanon and Syria, and to Algeria and Tunisia. 
These moths inhabit grassland, heathland, woodland, fens, scrub and gardens. 
Endotricha flammealis has a wingspan of 18–23 mm. The forewings are oblong, rather pointed at the tip. The antennae of males are pubescent.The basic color of the wings is extremely variable. It is usually ochre in colour, brown or pale brown, but it may also be pinkish-brown. On the edge of the forewings there are characteristic darker brown markings and bright or pinkish lines. The front edge of the forewings shows also a series of small white spots. Sometimes the moths may be light coloured without almost no markings. These moths have usually a distinctive resting posture, with the head and the front part of the body raised up on its forelegs and with bottom of wings touching the surface. The caterpillars are brownish in colour.
The moths fly from July to August in the temperate parts of its range (e.g. in the British Isles) and are attracted to light.  They mainly feed on nectar of Calluna vulgaris, Tanacetum vulgare, Chamerion angustifolium, Buddleja davidii, Heracleum sphondylium and Jacobaea vulgaris. 
The females lay their eggs in summer on the underside of leaves. The caterpillars typically feed on Common Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria) and bilberries (Vaccinium), as well as on various plant remains and on dry leaves of willows (Salix) and oaks (Quercus). 
- Savela, Markku (2009): Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and some other life forms
- Fauna europaea
- Norfilk Moths
- Endotricha flammealis on UKmoths
- Garden Safari
- Grabe, Albert (1942): Eigenartige Geschmacksrichtungen bei Kleinschmetterlingsraupen ("Strange tastes among micromoth caterpillars") Zeitschrift des Wiener Entomologen-Vereins 27: 105-109 (in German).
- Paolo Mazzei, Daniel Morel, Raniero Panfili Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa
Media related to Endotricha flammealis at Wikimedia Commons
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