Endoxyla leucomochla

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Endoxyla leucomochla
Endoxyla leucomochla.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Cossidae
Genus: Endoxyla
Species: E. leucomochla
Binomial name
Endoxyla leucomochla
(Turner, 1915)
  • Xyleutes leucomochla Turner, 1915

Endoxyla leucomochla is a species of cossid moth endemic to Australia. The larva of the moth is commonly known as the "witchetty grub", and was widely used as bushfood by Indigenous Australians.[1]

The caterpillars of the species live in underground tunnels where they feed on the sap from the roots of the witchetty bush (Acacia kempeana) and the small cooba (Acacia ligulata). The caterpillar grows to a length of about 7 cm, and pupates underground inside its tunnel.[2]

The adult moth is large (it has a wingspan of about 16 cm), with a fine mottled grey pattern and rusty red base on its wings. The moth has degenerate mouthparts, and is unable to feed itself, relying solely on nourishment obtained during its larval phase.[2]



  1. ^ Endoxyla leucomochla (Turner), CSIRO.
  2. ^ a b Herbison-Evans, Don & Stella Crossley: Endoxyla leucomochla (Turner, 1915), University of Technology, Sydney, 4 February 2008. Retrieved 26 September 2008.