April 29, 1947
Purworejo, Central Java, Indonesia
|Education||Military Academy in 1971|
|Employer||General (Ret) (1971 – 2006)|
|Known for||Indonesian Military|
|Political party||National Democratic Party (NASDEM)|
Endriartono Sutarto is a retired army general (b. April 29, 1947 in Purworejo, Central Java; 65 years old). The graduate of Indonesian Armed Forces Academy of 1971 Class is a former Indonesian Military (TNI) chief from 2002-2006.
Before assuming the highest helm at the military, Endriartono has served some key positions in the Army, including the Army Chief of Staff (Oct 9, 2000 – June 4, 2002), the Army Deputy Chief of Staff and Commander of Indonesia Military School of Commander. Previously he also served as operation assistant to army’s chief of general staff at the TNI Headquarters. When former president Suharto stepped down on May 21, Endriartono was his commander of presidential guard.
Born from couple Sutarto and Siti Sumarti Sutarto, Endriartono has three children (daughter Ratri Indrihapsari and sons Indra Gunawan Sutarto and M. Adi Prasantyo Sutarto) from his marriage with Andy Widayati.
Endriartono’s military career soared during the administration of former president Abdurrahman “Gus Dur” Wahid as on Oct. 9, the president installed him as Army Chief (KASAD) replacing Gen. Tyasno Sudarto.
Apart from his seasoned military knowledge, Endriartono who speaks fluent English has completed his undergraduate degree from Military Law School (STHM) in Jakarta.
Endriartono has also taken a wide range of military courses while climbed up to top posts in the military, among others Sussarcab Infanteri (Infantry Basic Branch/Corps Course), Suslapa I Infanteri (Infantry Officer Advanced Course), Army School for Commanders (SESKOAD), Armed Forces Commanders’ School (SESKO ABRI) and National Resilience Institute (Lemhanas). Besides, he also furthered his education to develop his specialty including Susjurpa Course, English Course, Air Borne, Ranger, Path Finder Course, Combat Instructor Course and Infantry Battalion Commander Course.
He attained military top post when former president Megawati Soekarnoputri appointed him TNI chief on June 2, 2002. The country’s history recorded him as the 12th Indonesian Military Chief.
The downfall of New Order and the birth of Reform era in 1998 have somehow served as a turning point for the Indonesian Military history. The TNI began its grueling job to reform its task, function and role in the newly exercised democracy by focusing on defense and security aspect and staying away from political arena. With pressures and the call of the era, TNI must be sterile from politics unlike in the past when military owned dual function in defense and security as well as in politics. History has it that TNI was an integral part of the New Order regime because the TNI, especially the army, was deemed as Suharto’s golden child. The latter was a five-star army general.
However, commitments shown from top down, TNI brass to its soldiers, have gradually won the public’s trust. The neutrality of the military was put on a test when the country had its first-ever direct election in 2004 as politicians and political parties attempted to draw military into political arena, yet again. Under the leadership of then Gen. Endriartono Sutarto, the forces strongly opposed the attempts. Firmly and consistently Endriartono prevented political hands to infiltrate into the institution. The 2004 elections was a success and dubbed the most democratic elections the country ever had. Retired military general, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was elected president and TNI remained keeping its distance from political practices. Endriartono has demonstrated his true patriotic call and played crucial role in keeping TNI neutrality in the 2004 general elections.
During his tenure, there were several major cases that involved TNI and security-defense policies in Indonesia. An instance of point in case was the making of Aceh peace truce that was achieved after a long diplomatic negotiation process in Helsinki, Norway. Endriartono, as TNI chief then, became a deciding factor in the success of Aceh peace agreement and its implementation in the westernmost province where Free Aceh Movement had been in war with the military. In the wake of tsunami that hit the province in 2004, doors were opened for both warring parties to agree on making peace.
For his commandable role and integrity in keeping TNI neutrality, advancing tsunami humanitarian operations instead of military operation in Aceh, maintaining peace during its critical times, and dedication to the country, on Nov 10, 2008 Modernisator recognized Endriartono and awarded him "Present Day Hero".
Other achievement that Endriartono made during his tenure as TNI chief was when he decided to place and rank all forces in purely equal linear position. The Army, the Navy and Air Forces were equal in so many ways.
Endriartono broke the old tradition in the military that the Army was perceived to be more dominant than other forces. And he made the change of tradition systematically, clearly and firmly. Certain posts usually assumed by army officers were hauled by balancing the structures and used merit-based appraisal to promote officers regardless of their forces.
Endriartono who was a high-ranking army officer announced that he deeply respected other forces; the Navy and the Air Forces. Under his leadership, officers from the Air Forces could begin assuming posts like Logistics Assistant Chief at the TNI Headquarters and even become chief of general staff, a post that had been traditionally, for decades, became a regular one for Army officer.
Likewise, the post of General Secretary at the Defense Ministry was for the first time assigned to an Air Force officer. Three-star-generals at the TNI Headquarters used to be dominated by the Army were restructured into three positions dedicated respectively for the Army, the Navy and the Air Forces. Endriartono tendered his post to a successor from the Air Forces.
These are a few positions were held by Endriartono:
- Graduated from Indonesian Armed Forces Academy (1971)
- Platoon Chief A/305 Kostrad (1972 – 1975)
- Banki B/328 Kostrad (1976)
- Kostrad Kompi commander (1975 - 1979)
- Operation Chief of Infantry Battalion (Kasiops Yonif) Kostrad (1979 – 1981)
- Chief of Operation at 330 Kostrad (1980)
- Lecturer at Indonesian Military School for Officer Candidates (Secapa AD) (1982 – 1984)
- Commander of Infantry Battalion (Danyonif) 514 Kostrad (1985 – 1987)
- Chief of Garuda IX (1988 – 1989)
- Chief of staff of Infantry Air Borne Brigade (Kasbrigif Linud) 17/1 Kostrad (1989 – 1991)
- Assistant to Operation Chief of Jakarta Military Command (1993 – 1994)
- Military Resort Commander 173 Dam-VIII/Trikora (1994 - 1995)
- Chief of staff of Infantry Division (Kas Divif) 1 Kostrad (1995 - 1996)
- Deputy Assistant of General Planning to TNI Chief (Waasrenum Pangab) (1996)
- Deputy operation assistant to the Army Chief of Staff (Waasops Kasad) (1996 - 1997)
- Commander of Presidential Guard (Paspampres) (1997 – 1998)
- Assistant to Chief of General Staff (Asops Kasum) ABRI (1998 - 1999)
- Commander of School for TNI Commanders (Sesko TNI) (1999 – 2000)
- Deputy Army Chief of Staff (WAKASAD) (2000)
- Army Chief of Staff (KASAD) (2000)
- Indonesia Military Commander (2002 - 2006)
Honors and Awards
- Bintang Kartika Eka Paksi Utama
- Bintang Yudha Dharma Pratama
- Bintang Kartika Eka Paksi Pratama
- Bintang Yudha Dharma Nararya
- Bintang Kartika Eka Paksi Nararya III
- Satya Lencana Kesetiaan XXIV
- Satya Lencana GOM VII/Aceh
- Satya Lencana GOM IX/Raksaka Dharma
- Satya Lencana Seroja
- Satya Lencana Wira Karya
- Satya Lencana Santi Dharma
- Satya Lencana PBB/UNEF-1
- Satya Lencana PBB/UNIIMOG
- Bintang Jalasena Utama
- Bintang Swa Bhuwana Paksa Utama
- Bintang Mahaputra Adipradana
- Bintang Dharma
- Bintang Yudha Dharma Utama
- Bintang Bhayangkari Utama
- Bintang Jasa Utama
- Honorary Award from Singapore Government
- Honorary Award from the Royal Brunei Darussalam Sultanate
- Honorary Award from Malaysia Government
- Honorary Award from Thailand Government
- Honorary Award from Cambodia Government
- The Royal order of Sahametrei Mohaserevadh Grand Cross
Endriartono Sutarto went to overseas assignments and studies. He went to Egypt in 1975, Saudi Arabia in 1975 and the United States in 1977, New Zealand in 1983, Malaysia in 1984 and 2000. In 1989 he was assigned to Iraq and Iran, to Cambodia in 1991, Thailand in 1992 and England in 1995.
Never Ending Dedication
After resigning from military, Endriartono Sutarto continues his activities in a number of organizations. His passion for activism and organization was shown in his tender age when he chaired student organization at his school, public high school SMAN 2 Bandung from 1966-1967.
On September 2010, Endriartono was on advisory board for KPK (Commission for Corruption Eradication) defense team. His involvement in the board defending KPK had stirred speculations that there were “invisible powerful hands” were behind the attempts to criminalize KPK leaders then, Bibit Samad Riyanto and Chandra M. Hamzah. “I don’t want to speculate. But if that’s the case, with me in the board (Bibit-Chandra defense team), the ‘invisible powerful hands’ must think twice to continue whatever they intend to do,” Endriarto once said.
From 2010 Endriartono has been active as the executive chairman for 7 Summits Expedition Wanadri and also become an advisor for Indonesia Mengajar Movement. Tireless, Endriartono is also advisor for Indonesia Setara Foundation.
His experience in leading the armed forces of the world’s fourth most populously country with thousands of ethnic groups and competence in handling conflicts have earned recognition for Endriartono, not only at home but also overseas. He was invited by Military Dialog Center to help seeking resolution for Myanmar conflict.
Endriartono began his involvement in political practices in September 2012. Some suspect that Endriartono’s move to political stage is part of his plan to race in the 2014 presidential election. Endriartono formally joined in the National Democratic (Nasdem) Party in September 30, 2012. During an interview at the popular talk show Mata Najwa aired by Metro TV, Endriartono said he had not yet joined in Nasdem Party but he was part of its mass organization. He officially began his political career as a member of Nasdem Party’s advisory council and has been rumored as strongest candidate to take the highest helm as the party chairman on the party’s upcoming national congress scheduled to be held at the end of January 2013.
Endriartono’s decision to join Nasdem Party has raised questions to many quarters. However, Endriartono stressed that he only had one reason that was to make a change. “It takes power to be able to make a change, without power we cannot do anything. That how the (political) system works here. To get the power we must win the election, if not the presidential post, at least we can get a hold of the House of Representatives (DPR) so we can create pro-people policies,” he said.
In recent survey on the 2014 presidential election by LSI (Lingkar Survei Indonesia) Endriartono was enlisted as one of alternative candidates to be Indonesia President based on five categories as follow:
- Able to lead the country and the administration
- Does not commit or is opinionated to commit corruption practices or bribery
- Does not commit or is opinionated to commit crime or human right abuse
- Honest, trustable, or can be trusted
- Able to stand above all groups or interests
The rank based on LSI survey is as follows:
- Mahfud MD 79
- Jusuf Kalla 77
- Dahlan Iskan 76
- Sri Mulyani 72
- Hidayat Nurwahid 71
- Agus Martowardojo 68
- Megawati Soekarnoputri 68
- Djoko Suyanto 67
- Gita Wirjawan 66
- Chairul Tanjung 66
- Endriartono Sutarto 66
- Hatta Rajasa 66
- Surya Paloh 64
- Pramono Edhie Wibowo 64
- Sukarwo 63
- Prabowo Subianto 61
- Puan Maharani 61
- Ani Yudhoyono 60
In this LSI survey Endriartono is ranked 11th with a total score of 66. Commenting on the survey result, Endriartono said,” I thank all respondents (of the survey). It is definitely a challenge to realize those expectations,".
On January 25, 2013 National Democratic Party organized a congress during which cofounder Surya Paloh was unanimously elected party chairman to serve 2012-2017 term. The congress also mandated Surya Paloh, as elected chairman, to compose a new line up of party executives, aimed at winning the legislative election in 2014. On February 8, Surya Paloh announced the new composition of Nasdem Party executive that included Endriartono Sutarto as chairman for its consultative council.
Endriartono Sutarto’s decision to tender his post as TNI chief before his tenure completed came as a surprise for many. On October 2004 TNI Headquarters in Cilangkap confirmed the resignation and cited three conditions that Endriartono requested. TNI said in the letter submitted to then president Megawati Soekarnoputri Endriarto cited first the need for reorganization significance inside TNI, age factor (Endriartono’s retirement had been extended for two years), and a successor from one of his chief of staffs.
After he retired, Endriartono took up a commissioner position at state oil company Pertamina but it did not last long because Endriartono resigned shortly. Circulating informations say it was discomforting for Endriartono to receive a huge amount of monthly salary from the company while he did not do much to earn it.
"I resigned my position in Pertamina because I saw how Pertamina did not deliver its best service to the public. Although it is a profit-oriented company but it did not mean that it solely seek profits since it manages natural resources that are strategic for public needs," said Endriartono.
Air Force Marshall (Ret) Chappy Hakim believed that the decision must be made because Endriartono’s principals and values that he clinged to collided with what he found inside the company once known as one of the most corrupt state enterprises.
- (Indonesian) Endriartono Sutarto Official Site
- (Indonesian) Biography of Endriartono Sutarto
- (Indonesian) Endriartono Sutarto at Modernisator Indonesia
- (Indonesian) http://www.modernisator.org/tokoh/endriartono-s
- (Indonesian) http://endriartonosutarto.web.id/profil
- kompas (28 September 2010). "Endriartono Menjadi Penasihat" (in Indonesian). kompas.com. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
- (Indonesian) http://7puncakdunia.net/art/org.php
- (Indonesian) http://www.tribunnews.com/2012/09/19/mantan-panglima-tni-diminta-tangani-konflik-di-myanmar
- (Indonesian) http://www.beritasatu.com/nasional/74848-endriartono-sutarto-gabung-partai-nasdem.html
- (Indonesian) http://www.metrotvnews.com/videoprogram/detail/2012/10/24/14761/308/Perang-Bintang-2014/Mata%20Najwa
- (Indonesian) http://m.jpnn.com/news.php?id=150991
- (Indonesian) http://news.detik.com/read/2012/12/21/232647/2125017/10/endriartono-sutarto-buka-bukaan-soal-alasan-masuk-nasdem?9922032
- (Indonesian) http://www.lsi.or.id/riset/427/Rilis_Capres_Indonesia_2014
- (Indonesian) http://news.detik.com/read/2012/11/28/172700/2104191/10/jenderal--purn--endriartono-sutarto-tanggapi-hasil-survei-lsi
- (Indonesian) http://news.detik.com/read/2013/02/08/165118/2165133/10/ini-pengurus-lengkap-dpp-nasdem-pimpinan-surya-paloh
- (Indonesian) http://www.tempo.co/read/news/2004/10/12/05549248/Sutarto-Mundur-dengan-Tiga-Alasan
- (Indonesian) http://www.tempo.co/read/news/2004/10/12/05549248/Sutarto-Mundur-dengan-Tiga-Alasan
- (Indonesian) http://www.rimanews.com/read/20120815/72462/endriartono-sutarto-mantan-panglima-tni-testing-water-capres-2014-bakal-jadi
- detik (22 December 2012). "Kisah Endriartono Sutarto Mundur dari Komisaris Utama Pertamina" (in Indonesian). detik.com. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
- (Indonesian) http://www.chappyhakim.com/2008/12/07/jenderal-tni-endriartono-soetarto/
|Commander-in-Chief of the Indonesian Armed Forces
2002 – 2006