Enemy (2013 film)

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Enemy
Enemy poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Denis Villeneuve
Produced by
Screenplay by Javier Gullón
Based on The Double
by José Saramago
Starring
Music by
  • Daniel Bensi
  • Saunder Jurriaans
Cinematography Nicolas Bolduc
Edited by Matthew Hannam
Production
company
  • Mecanismo Films
  • micro_scope
  • Rhombus Media
  • Roxbury Pictures
Distributed by
  • E1 Films (Canada)
  • Alfa Pictures (Spain)
  • A24 (United States)
Release date
  • 8 September 2013 (2013-09-08) (TIFF)
  • 14 March 2014 (2014-03-14) (Canada)
  • 28 March 2014 (2014-03-28) (Spain)
Running time
90 minutes[1]
Country
  • Canada
  • Spain
Language English
Box office $3.4 million[2][3]

Enemy is a 2013 psychological thriller film directed by Denis Villeneuve, produced by M.S. Faura and Niv Fichman and written by Javier Gullón, loosely adapted from José Saramago's 2002 novel The Double.[4] The film stars Jake Gyllenhaal, Mélanie Laurent and Sarah Gadon and revolves around two men who are physically identical. It is also internationally co-produced by production companies from Spain and Canada.

The film premiered in the Special Presentation section at the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival on September 8, 2013.[5] It was then released on March 14, 2014 by A24. It earned $3.4 million at the box office and received positive reviews. The film earned five Canadian Screen Awards, including Best Director for Villeneuve,[6] as well as a Canadian Screen Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role for Sarah Gadon and Best Motion Picture.[7] It was named Best Canadian Film of the Year at the Toronto Film Critics Association Awards 2014.[8]

Plot[edit]

A man attends an erotic show at an underground club that culminates with a naked woman on the verge of crushing a live tarantula under her platform high-heel. Elsewhere, a pregnant young woman sits alone on a bed.

Adam Bell, a solitary college history professor, rents a movie, Where There's a Will There's a Way, on the recommendation of a colleague. Adam sees an actor briefly; the man at the show. Verifying online, Adam identifies the actor as Daniel St. Claire, the stage name for Anthony Claire. Adam rents the other two films in which Anthony has appeared and develops an interest in the man, who appears to be his physical doppelgänger. Immediately after this, he searches some boxes in his own house and finds a torn out photo. The intact portion of the photo contains someone who looks like himself with some woman's hand over his shoulder. The torn portion of the photo contained the woman, hence her face cannot be identified.

Adam's girlfriend Mary becomes troubled by the change in his behavior. Adam stalks Anthony, visiting his office and calling him at home. Everyone, including Anthony's pregnant wife Helen, confuses both.

Adam and Anthony eventually meet in a hotel room and discover they are perfectly identical; a scar both have appears on the left abdomen above the pancreas, but Adam is reserved and bookish while Anthony is hot-headed and sexual. In a separate dream-like image, a giant spider lurks among the Toronto skyline. After following Mary to work, Anthony confronts Adam, accuses him of impregnating Helen, and demands Adam's clothes and car keys in order to stage a sexual liaison with Mary, promising to disappear forever afterwards. Adam complies, and Anthony takes Mary to the hotel where the two men met. Meanwhile, Adam breaks into Anthony's apartment. He sees a framed photo on a shelf- which looks like the one he had found earlier in his own house, but now the photo is intact- and the woman is revealed to be Helen. Helen, although realizing her partner is different, asks Adam to stay and sleeps with him.

At the hotel, Mary panics when she sees Anthony's ring mark and demands to know who he is, as Adam does not wear a ring. She forces Anthony to drive her home, but the two get into a fight, and the car is involved in a high-speed crash, which presumably kills them both.

The next day Adam dresses in Anthony's clothes and finds the club key in a jacket pocket, ready to begin life as Anthony. Helen gets out of the shower and enters the bedroom. Adam asks Helen if she is doing anything that night and follows up the question by telling her he will be busy then. As he enters the bedroom, he beholds the now room-sized tarantula cowered against the rear wall. Adam, with a resigned look, sighs.

Cast[edit]

  • Jake Gyllenhaal as Adam Bell / Anthony Claire
  • Mélanie Laurent as Mary
  • Sarah Gadon as Helen Claire
  • Isabella Rossellini as Mother
  • Kedar Brown as a security guard
  • Darryl Dinn as the video store clerk
  • Joshua Peace as Carl, Adam's colleague
  • Tim Post as Anthony's concierge
  • Misha Highstead, Megan Mane, Alexis Uiga as the Ladies in the Dark Room
  • Jane Moffat as Eve (uncredited)
  • Stephen R. Hart as Bouncer (uncredited)

Analysis[edit]

Maman (Mother), Louise Bourgeouis' sculpture at the National Gallery in Ottawa. Film critic Chris Stuckmann suggests the spider motif in Enemy represents the lead character's view of women.[9]

A review in Indiewire compared the film to Christopher Nolan's Memento, and called it an "engrossing Kafka-eque[sic] mindfuck cum provocative psychological thriller" that "doesn't reveal itself easily".[10] Both director Villeneuve and leading actor Gyllenhaal spoke of their desire to make the film a challenging exploration of the subconscious.[11][12][13] To Villeneuve, Enemy is ultimately about repetition: the question of how to live and learn without repeating the same mistakes.[11]

Regarding the two physically identical characters: "You don't know if they are two in reality, or maybe from a subconscious point of view, there's just one," said Villeneuve. "It's maybe two sides of the same persona … or a fantastic event where you see another [self]."[11] Gyllenhaal says that Enemy is "about a man who is married, his wife is pregnant, and he’s having an affair. He has to figure himself out before he can commit to life as an adult."[12]

Forrest Wickman of Slate points out that the opening line of the film, "Chaos is order yet undeciphered" is from a line from José Saramago's The Double, the novel on which the film is based. Wickman suggests that Enemy is "a parable about what it's like to live under a totalitarian state without knowing it," and adds that the central irony is that even though the main character is an expert on the ways of totalitarian governments, he does not see the web that has overtaken the city until he is already stuck in it. To Wickman, Enemy suggests that this tendency to create totalitarian regimes is part of human nature, that it comes from within us;[14] he cites Villeneuve's comment: "Sometimes you have compulsions that you can't control coming from the subconscious ... they are the dictator inside ourselves."[14]

Reception[edit]

Enemy received generally positive reviews from critics, with many critics comparing the movie's style and atmosphere favorably to the works of David Lynch. It has a 75% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 86 reviews, and a rating average of 6.7 out of 10. The site's consensus states: "Thanks to a strong performance from Jake Gyllenhaal and smart direction from Denis Villeneuve, Enemy hits the mark as a tense, uncommonly adventurous thriller."[15] The film also has a score of 61 out of 100 on Metacritic, based on 26 reviews, indicating "generally favourable reviews".[16] A.O. Scott, movie critic for the New York Times, wrote: "In any case, much of the fun in “Enemy,” which is tightly constructed and expertly shot, lies in Mr. Gyllenhaal’s playful and subtle performances... Its style is alluring and lurid, a study in hushed tones and yellowy hues, with jolts of anxiety provided by loud, scary music."[17] Enemy was also praised by David Ehrlich of Film.com for having "the scariest ending of any film ever made."[18]

Enemy opened in a single theater in North America and grossed $16,161, later expanding, with the widest release for the film being 120 theaters. It ended up earning $1,008,726 domestically and $2,388,721 internationally for a total of $3,397,447.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Enemy (2013)". IMDb. 6 February 2014. Retrieved 12 October 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Enemy (2014) - Box Office Mojo". Boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved 12 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Enemy (2014) - International Box Office Results - Box Office Mojo". Boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved 12 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "Melanie Laurent, Sarah Gadon, Isabella Rossellini join Jake Gyllenhaal on An Enemy". Screendaily.com. Retrieved 12 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "Enemy". Toronto International Film Festival. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  6. ^ "Enemy - Review". Canadian Film Review. Retrieved 14 March 2014. 
  7. ^ "Canadian Screen Awards: Orphan Black, Less Than Kind, Enemy nominated". CBC News, 13 January 2014.
  8. ^ "Denis Villeneuve's Enemy is Toronto Film Critics' top Canadian pick". CBC News, 6 January 2015.
  9. ^ Cris Stuckmann, Enemy explained, YouTube, April 24, 2014. Accessed February 25 2017.
  10. ^ Review: Denis Villeneuve's Terrifically Haunting 'Enemy' Starring Jake Gyllenhaal, Rodrigo Perez, The Playlist, Indiewire, 13 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  11. ^ a b c 'Enemy' Director on Jake Gyllenhaal's Identical Characters: 'It's Maybe Two Sides of the Same Persona'. Hilary Lewis, The Hollywood Reporter, 13 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  12. ^ a b Jake Gyllenhaal interview: The Enemy star on why he is so committed to complicated characters. Jamie Graham, The Independent, 2 January 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  13. ^ Interview: Jake Gyllenhaal Talks The Duality Of 'Enemy' And Why He Wants You To Be Confused, Alex Suskind, The Playlist, Indiewire, 11 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  14. ^ a b Forrest Wickman, What Should We Make of Enemy’s Shocking Ending?, Slate, 14 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  15. ^ "Enemy (2014)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  16. ^ "Enemy Reviews - Metacritic". Metacritic.com. Retrieved 12 October 2014. 
  17. ^ "When Your Twin Is Far More Interesting". New York Times. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  18. ^ "TIFF Review: 'Enemy'". Film.com. Retrieved 13 September 2013. 

External links[edit]