Enentarzi

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Enentarzi
𒂗𒂊𒋻𒍣
Governor of Lagash
Report to Enentarzi of the defeat of 600 Elamites who came to plunder Lagash.jpg
Report to Enentarzi of the defeat of 600 Elamites who came to plunder Lagash.[1]
Reignc. 2400  BC
PredecessorEnannatum II
SuccessorLugalanda
Dynasty1st Dynasty of Lagash
Enentarzi was governor of Lagash, circa 2400 BC.

Enentarzi (𒂗𒇷𒋻𒍣, en-en₃-tar-zid,[2] also 𒂗𒂊𒋻𒍣, en-e-tar-zi[3] was Ensi (governor) of Lagash.[4][5] He was originally a chief-priest of Lagash for the god Ningirsu.[5][6]

He succeed Enannatum II who only had a short reign and was the last representative of the house of Ur-Nanshe.[7][8] It seems that the power of Lagash waned at this point, and that other territories such as Umma ("Gishban") and Kish prevailed.[9]

Enentarzi probably ruled for at least 4 years.[6]

An inscription records that 600 Elamites came to plunder Lagash during the rule of Enentarzi, but that they were repelled.[10]

He was succeeded by another priest named Enlitarzi, and then his son Lugalanda.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ THUREAU-DANGIN, Fçois (1907). "Une Incursion Élamite en Territoire Sumérien: A l'Époque Présargonique". Revue d'Assyriologie et d'archéologie orientale. 6 (4): 139–142. ISSN 0373-6032. JSTOR 23283625.
  2. ^ "Sumerian Dictionary". oracc.iaas.upenn.edu.)
  3. ^ THUREAU-DANGIN, Fçois (1907). "Une Incursion Élamite en Territoire Sumérien: A l'Époque Présargonique". Revue d'Assyriologie et d'archéologie orientale. 6 (4): 139–142. ISSN 0373-6032. JSTOR 23283625.
  4. ^ Crawford, Harriet (2013). The Sumerian World. Routledge. p. 23. ISBN 978-1-136-21912-2.
  5. ^ a b Gonnet, Hatice; Breniquet-Coury, Catherine; Garelli, Paul; Durand, Jean-Marie (2015). Le Proche-Orient asiatique. Tome 1: Des origines aux invasions des peuples de la mer (in French). Presses Universitaires de France. p. 144. ISBN 978-2-13-073719-3.
  6. ^ a b c Jones, C. H. W. (2012). Ancient Babylonia. Cambridge University Press. p. 34. ISBN 978-1-107-60572-5.
  7. ^ Radau, Hugo (2005). Early Babylonian History: Down to the End of the Fourth Dynasty of Ur. Wipf and Stock Publishers. pp. 119–120. ISBN 978-1-59752-381-3.
  8. ^ Gadd, C. J.; Edwards, I. E. S.; Hammond, N. G. L. (1970). The Cambridge Ancient History. Cambridge University Press. p. 220. ISBN 978-0-521-07051-5.
  9. ^ Radau, Hugo (2005). Early Babylonian History: Down to the End of the Fourth Dynasty of Ur. Wipf and Stock Publishers. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-59752-381-3.
  10. ^ THUREAU-DANGIN, Fçois (1907). "Une Incursion Élamite en Territoire Sumérien: A l'Époque Présargonique". Revue d'Assyriologie et d'archéologie orientale. 6 (4): 139–142. ISSN 0373-6032. JSTOR 23283625.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Enannatum II
Governor of Lagash
ca. 25th century BCE
Succeeded by
Lugalanda