Eneopterinae

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Eneopterinae
Cricket (Eneoptera guyanensis) (39200022665).jpg
Eneoptera guyanensis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Orthoptera
Suborder: Ensifera
Family: Gryllidae
Subfamily: Eneopterinae
Saussure, 1874
Genera

See text

Synonyms
  • Eneopteridae, Eneopteriens, Eneopterites Saussure, 1874
  • Platydactylidae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1873

The Eneopterinae[1] are a subfamily of crickets, in the family Gryllidae, based on the type genus Eneoptera. It is one of several groups widely described as "true crickets".[2] Of the more than 500 species that make up this subfamily, most occur in moist, tropical habitats. These insects are medium to large and brown or gray in color. They eat plant leaves, flowers, and fruits and can occasionally cause economic damage. Their eggs are deposited in pith, bark, or wood.[3] Eneopterinae show a great diversity in stridulatory apparatus, signals emitted, and associated behaviour.[4]

Tribes and Genera[edit]

Eneopterinae currently consists of six tribes[4] and the Orthoptera Species File[5] lists:

Eneopterini[edit]

Auth. Saussure, 1874 (South America)

Eurepini[edit]

Eurepella mjobergi

Auth. Otte & Alexander, 1983 (Indo-China - Australia)

  • genus group Eurepa Otte & Alexander, 1983
  • genus group Eurepella Otte & Alexander, 1983

Hemigryllini[edit]

Auth. Gorochov, 1986 (South America)

Lebinthini[edit]

Cardiodactylus novaeguineae

Auth. Robillard, 2004 (SE Asia, Australia, Pacific, S. America)

Nisitrini[edit]

Auth. Robillard, 2004 (Malesia, PNG)

Nisitrus sp., Borneo

Xenogryllini[edit]

Auth. Robillard, 2004 (Central-southern Africa, Asia)

incertae sedis[edit]

  • Adenophallusia – monotypic – A. naiguatana de Mello & de Camargo e Mello, 1996
  • Brontogryllus – monotypic – B. excelsus Martins-Neto, 1991
  • Jabulania – monotypic – J. clancularia Otte & Perez-Gelabert, 2009
  • Proecanthus – monotypic – P. anatolicus Sharov, 1968

References[edit]

  1. ^ Saussure (1874) Mission scientifique au Méxique et dans l'Amérique centrale 6: 464 .
  2. ^ Orthoptera Species File (Version 5.0/5.0 retrieved 6 July 2019)
  3. ^ Walker, Thomas J; Moore, Thomas E. "Subfamily Eneopterinae". Singing Insects of North America. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
  4. ^ a b Robillard, Tony (2006). "Phylogenetic systematics of Pseudolebinthus, a new genus of Eneopterinae crickets (Orthoptera, Grylloidea, Eneopteridae) from south-east Africa" (PDF). Systematic Entomology. Royal Entomological Society of London. 31: 671–683. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2006.00347.x. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
  5. ^ Orthoptera Species File (Version 5.0/5.0: retrieved 15 February 2019)
  6. ^ Robillard, Tony; Desutter-Grandcolas, Laure (11 June 2008). "Clarification of the taxonomy of extant crickets of the subfamily Eneopterinae (Orthoptera: Grylloidea; Gryllidae)" (PDF). Zootaxa. Magnolia Press (1789): 66–68. Retrieved 29 August 2012.

External Links[edit]