Energy in Cape Verde
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In 2001, the islands produced and consumed 0.04 billion kWh of electricity, entirely from thermal sources. Installed capacity totaled about 7 MW as of January 1, 2001. Electra, the public electricity utility, maintains thermal power plants on Praia, Mindelo, and Sal; local councils operate 12 rural power plants. Ten wind generators of 30 kW each were in operation on Mindelo in 1991.
Clean energy has become the dominant use of electricity in Cape Verde. Solar energy stations are located north of Santa Maria on the island of Sal and west of Praia in the island of Santiago. Windmills has appeared starting in the late 2000s, near Industrial Lazareto southwest of Mindelo on the island of São Vicente, near Janela in the east of Santo Antão, northwest of Palmeira in the west of Sal, north of Sal Rei on Boa Vista Island and north of Praia in the island of Santiago.
Oil and gas
Because Cape Verde has no known crude oil reserves, or oil refining capacity as of January 1, 2003, the country must import all of its petroleum products. In 2002, petroleum imports and consumption both totalled 8,870 barrels per day. The country has no known production or consumption of natural gas, as of 2001, and as of January 1, 2003, there are no known natural gas reserves.