In 2001, the islands produced and consumed 0.04 billion kWh of electricity, entirely from thermal sources. Installed capacity totaled about 7 MW as of January 1, 2001. Electra, the public electricity utility, maintains thermal power plants on Praia, Mindelo, and Sal; local councils operate 12 rural power plants. Ten wind generators of 30 kW each were in operation on Mindelo in 1991.
Because Cape Verde has no known crude oil reserves, or oil refining capacity as of January 1, 2003, the country must import all of its petroleum products. In 2002, petroleum imports and consumption both totalled 8,870 barrels per day. The country has no known production or consumption of natural gas, as of 2001, and as of January 1, 2003, there are no known natural gas reserves.