Energy in Estonia

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Energy in Estonia describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Estonia. Energy policy of Estonia describes the politics of Estonia related to energy. Electricity sector in Estonia is the main article of electricity in Estonia.

Overview[edit]

Energy in Estonia [1]
Capita Prim. energy Production Import Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 1.35 60.1 41.3 19.5 7.4 16.6
2007 1.34 65.5 51.2 17.9 8.4 18.1
2008 1.34 62.8 49.1 17.1 8.5 17.6
2009 1.34 55.2 48.4 14.0 8.0 14.7
2012 1.34 65,1 58,6 9,1 8.4 19.3
2012R 1.34 64.2 59.2 13.5 8.9 16.4
2013 1.32 70.8 65.7 10.5 8.8 18.9
Change 2004-09 -0.7 % -8.1 % 17.2 % -28.6 % 7.8 % -11.6 %
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh . Prim. energy includes energy losses

2012R = CO2 calculation criteria changed, numbers updated

traffic[edit]

Estonia has for the population of 1.3 million the network of 165 "fast chargers" for the electric cars since February 2013.[2]

Renewable energy[edit]

Main article: Wind power in Estonia
EU and Estonia Wind Energy Capacity (MW)[3][4][5][6]
No Country 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998
- EU-27 105,696 93,957 84,074 74,767 64,712 56,517 48,069 40,511 34,383 28,599 23,159 17,315 12,887 9,678 6,453
19 Estonia 269 184 149 142 78 59 32 32 6 2 2 0 0 0 0

Global warming[edit]

Largest carbon emissions of Estonia in respect to global warming is from oil shale in Estonia. The Estonian energy company Eesti Energia owns the largest oil shale-fuelled power plants in the world: Narva Power Plants.[7] In Estonia in 2007 more than 90% of power was generated from oil shale.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2015, 2014 (2012R as in November 2015 + 2012 as in March 2014 is comparable to previous years statistical calculation criteria, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
  2. ^ Estonia launches national electric car charging network The Guardian 20 February 2013
  3. ^ EWEA Staff (2010). "Cumulative installed capacity per EU Member State 1998 - 2009 (MW)". European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  4. ^ EWEA Staff (February 2011). "EWEA Annual Statistics 2010" (PDF). European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2011-01-31. 
  5. ^ EWEA Staff (February 2012). "EWEA Annual Statistics 2011" (PDF). European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2011-02-18. 
  6. ^ Wind in power: 2012 European statistics February 2013
  7. ^ "Oil Shale Energetics in Estonia Liive, Sandor (2007) Oil Shale. A Scientific-echnical Journal (Estonian Academy Publishers) 24 (1): 1–4
  8. ^ Francu, Juraj; Harvie, Barbra; Laenen, Ben; Siirde, Andres; Veiderma, Mihkel A study on the EU oil shale industry viewed in the light of the Estonian experience. A report by EASAC to the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy of the European Parliament European Academies Science Advisory Council. pp. 14–15; 45. May 2007