Energy in Europe

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Energy in Europe includes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Europe.

Primary energy consumption[edit]

Primary energy consumption for selected European and Eurasian countries in million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe) from 2010 to 2015, according to BP, is listed below.[1]

country 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Austria 35.9 33.8 35.4 35.1 33.9 34.1
Azerbaijan 10.7 11.9 12.3 12.6 13.2 13.7
Belarus 25.9 25.9 27.9 24.7 24.9 23.6
Belgium 66.0 61.3 58.6 60.0 55.9 56.5
Bulgaria 17.8 19.1 18.1 16.7 17.9 18.9
Czech Republic 42.8 42.1 41.7 40.9 40.1 39.6
Denmark 19.5 18.5 17.1 18.0 17.5 16.9
Finland 30.9 28.6 27.6 27.2 26.3 25.9
France 253.2 244.5 244.7 247.4 237.5 239.0
Germany 323.7 312.3 316.7 325.8 311.9 320.6
Greece 31.5 30.7 29.3 27.9 26.3 26.3
Hungary 24.9 23.2 21.7 20.5 20.5 21.5
Ireland 15.2 14.1 14.0 13.7 13.7 14.6
Italy 172.2 168.4 162.2 155.7 146.8 151.7
Kazakhstan 48.5 55.0 57.5 57.4 57.7 54.8
Lithuania 5.6 5.8 5.8 5.4 5.2 5.3
Netherlands 96.1 91.5 88.4 86.4 81.1 81.6
Norway 41.9 43.0 47.8 45.0 46.4 47.1
Poland 98.2 98.7 95.7 96.0 92.4 95.0
Portugal 25.6 24.5 22.4 24.5 24.6 24.1
Romania 33.8 34.7 34.0 31.5 32.5 33.1
Russian Federation 673.3 694.9 695.3 688.0 689.8 666.8
Slovakia 17.4 16.8 16.2 16.8 15.5 15.8
Spain 146.2 143.1 142.4 134.2 132.1 134.4
Sweden 52.1 51.5 54.7 51.4 51.7 53.0
Switzerland 28.7 27.2 28.8 29.7 28.4 27.9
Turkey 111.0 115.0 120.2 117.6 122.8 131.3
Turkmenistan 25.9 27.0 29.7 26.8 31.3 37.3
Ukraine 121.0 125.7 122.6 114.7 101.0 85.1
United Kingdom 210.5 198.8 201.9 201.4 188.9 191.2
Uzbekistan 43.8 49.7 49.2 48.7 50.3 51.6
Other Europe & Eurasia 98.6 96.9 94.4 96.1 94.1 96.0
Total Europe & Eurasia 2948.5 2934.2 2934.3 2898.0 2832.3 2834.4

Primary energy consumption per capita (2008)[edit]

The European primary energy use per capita (TWh per million people) in 2008 is listed below.[2]

Primary energy consumption in Europe (2008)[2]
Rank country TWh population (million) TWh per million people
1 Russia 7,987 141.79 56
2 Germany 3,899 82.12 47
3 France 3,099 64.12 48
4 United Kingdom 2,424 61.35 40
5 Italy 2,047 59.89 34
6 Spain 1,614 45.59 35
7 Ukraine 1,583 46.26 34
8 Turkey 1,146 71.08 16
9 Poland 1,138 38.12 30
10 Netherlands 927 16.44 56
11 Kazakhstan 825 15.68 53
12 Belgium 681 10.71 64
13 Sweden 577 9.26 62
14 Czech Republic 519 10.43 50
15 Romania 458 21.51 21
16 Finland 410 5.31 77
17 Austria 387 8.34 46
18 Greece 354 11.24 31
19 Norway 345 4.77 72
20 Belarus 327 9.68 34
21 Switzerland 311 7.71 40
22 Portugal 281 10.62 26
23 Bulgaria 230 7.62 30
24 Denmark 221 5.49 40
25 Ireland 174 4.44 39
26 Azerbaijan 155 8.68 18
27 Croatia 106 4.43 24
28 Estonia 63 1.34 47
29 Iceland 61 0.32 191
30 Luxembourg 48 0.49 98
31 Moldova 37 3.63 10
32 Armenia 35 3.08 11
33 Cyprus 30 0.80 38
34 Malta 10 0.41 23

Mtoe = 11.63 TWh primary energy, includes energy losses

Renewable energy[edit]

Electricity[edit]

The twelve newer EU Member States in Central and Eastern Europe plan to increase wind power capacity from the 6.4 gigawatts installed at the end of 2012 to 16 gigawatts by 2020.[3][4]

If renewable electricity production in the EU continued to grow at the same rate as it did from 2005 to 2010, it would account for 36.4% of electricity in 2020 and 51.6% in 2030, following:[5]

Renewable energy as a percentage of total electricity
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2020 2030
13.6 14.2 15.1 16.4 18.2 21.2 36.4 51.6

See also[edit]

References[edit]