Energy in Hong Kong
Energy in Hong Kong refers to the type of energy and its related infrastructure used in Hong Kong. Energy is crucial for the development of trade and industries in Hong Kong with its relatively small usable land. Hong Kong mostly imports its energy from outside or produces it through some intermediate process.
Most of the imported coal to Hong Kong are mainly used for electricity generation. Indonesia was the major supplier of steam coal and other types of coal imported to Hong Kong in recent years which accounted for 94.5% of total coal imports in 2012.
Natural gas was firstly introduced for electricity generation in Hong Kong in 1996.
Hong Kong has no indigenous supply of nuclear energy and there is no nuclear power station in the territory. However, Hong Kong has imported electricity from Mainland China from the Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant in Shenzhen, Guangdong since 1994.
Hong Kong has one Hydropower Plant in Tuen Mun but due to the landscape and geography of Hong Kong hydropower plants are hard to use in Hong Kong.
Oil products imported to Hong Kong have always mostly come from Singapore. Singapore accounted for 63.7% of fuel oil imports and 72.0% of unleaded petrol imports. Mainland China and Macau are the two largest destination for oil products re-exporting from Hong Kong.
Hong Kong has been using solar energy over the past 20 years. As of 2013, there is a 1 MW installed capacity of photovoltaic at Lamma Power Station, doubling its size from 550 kW since its first commissioning in July 2010.
Hong Kong has a very small scale of wind power generation since early 2006, which is the Lamma Winds at Lamma Island with an installed capacity of 800 kW. In March 2013, HK Electric has just completed the full-year wind measurement for a proposal of offshore wind farm project in Southwest Lamma Island.
Energy-related companies of Hong Kong are:
- China Resources Petroleum Company Limited
- CLP Group
- The Hong Kong and China Gas Company
- Hongkong Electric Company
- Kunlun Energy
- SS United Group Oil & Gas Company
- Towngas China
Energy-related education centres in Hong Kong include:
- Nuclear Resources Centre at Kowloonbay International Trade & Exhibition Centre
- EMSD Education Path at Kowloon
- Zero Carbon Building in Kowloon Bay
- "Energy & Our Environment". GovHK. Retrieved 2014-04-21.
- "HKNIC - Why Nuclear for Hong Kong". Hknuclear.com. Retrieved 2014-04-21.
- "Hong Kong Energy Statistics" (PDF). Census and Statistics Department. p. 3. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- "HK Electric Investments - Press Releases". Hkelectric.com. 2013-05-15. Retrieved 2014-04-21.