Energy in Portugal

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Energy in Portugal describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Portugal. Energy policy of Portugal will describe the politics of Portugal related to energy more in detail. Electricity sector in Portugal is the main article of electricity in Portugal.

Overview[edit]

Energy in Portugal[1]
Capita Prim. energy Production Import Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 10.52 309 45 265 47.5 60.3
2007 10.61 292 54 254 51.6 55.2
2008 10.62 281 52 249 51.2 52.4
2009 10.63 280 57 240 51.2 53.1
2012 10.65 268 62 222 51.2 48.1
2012R 10.58 249 53 212 49.8 45.9
2013 10.46 253 67 200 49.0 44.9
Change 2004-09 1.0 % -9.2 % 25.4 % -9.3 % 7.7 % -11.9 %
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh . Prim. energy includes energy losses

2012R = CO2 calculation criteria changed, numbers updated

Coal[edit]

Sines power plant (hard coal) started operation in 1985-1989 in Portugal. According to WWF its CO2 emissions were among the top dirty ones in Portugal in 2007.[2]

Natural gas[edit]

Maghreb–Europe Gas Pipeline (MEG) is a natural gas pipeline, from Algeria through Morocco to Andalusia, Spain,

Renewable energy[edit]

EU directive has a binding 31% target of renewables up from 20.5% in 2005. According to the Portuguese National Renewable Energy Action Plan by 2020 electricity will be produced: wind power 23% 14.6 TWh, of which 99% onshore, hydro power 22% 14.1 TWh, biomass 5% 3.52 TWh and photovoltaic solar power 2% 1.5 TWh and concentrated solar power 2% 1 TWh.[3]

Solar[edit]

Portugal has surported and increased the solar electricity (Photovoltaic power) and solar thermal energy (solar heating) during 2006-2010. Portugal was 9th in solar heating in the EU and 8th in solar power based on total volume in 2010.

Nuclear power[edit]

There were no nuclear power plants in Portugal as of 2017.

Electricity in Portugal[edit]

A Portuguese street lamp

Electricity use (gross production + imports – exports – losses) was 51.2 TWh in 2008. Portugal imported 9 TWh electricity in 2008. Population was 10.6 million.[4] In 2014 electricity was generated by 30% hydroelectricity, 27% natural gas, 22% wind, 20% coal and 1% solar.[5]

Transport[edit]

The sustainable strategy has been a shift from individual to collective transport within the Lisbon Metropolitan Area (Metro Lisbon (ML), collective buses, Companhia Carris de ferro de Lisboa).

Global warming[edit]

CO2 emissions in 2009 (million tonnes)[6][7]
CO2 People (million)
Chile 66 16.8
Belarus 61 9.7
Syria 57 21.2
Turkmenistan 57 5.0
Portugal 57 10.6
Bangladesh 55 160.0
Libya 55 6.3
Serbia 52 7.4
Finland 52 5.3

According to Energy Information Administration the CO2 emissions from energy consumption of Portugal were in 2009 56.5 Mt, slightly over Bangladesh with 160 million people and Finland with 5.3 million people.[8] The emissions per capita were (tonnes): Portugal 5.58, India 1.38, China 5.83, Europe 7.14, Russia 11.23, North America 14.19, Singapore 34.59 and United Arab Emirates 40.31.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2015, 2014 (2012R as in November 2015 + 2012 as in March 2014 is comparable to previous years statistical calculation criteria, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
  2. ^ Dirty Thirty WWF 2007
  3. ^ EU Energy Policy to 2050 Achieving 80-95% emissions reductions, EWEA March 2011
  4. ^ IEA Key energy statistics 2010 Page: 27, 54
  5. ^ "BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2015". Bp.com. Archived from the original (XLSX) on 2015-06-20. Retrieved 2016-11-06. 
  6. ^ "CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion" (XLS). Iea.org. Retrieved 2016-11-06. 
  7. ^ "IEA Key World Energy Statistics" (PDF). Iea.org. Retrieved 2016-11-06. 2011, October, population in the end tables 
  8. ^ "World carbon dioxide emissions data by country: China speeds ahead of the rest". The Guardian. 31 January 2011. Retrieved 2016-11-06. 
  9. ^ "World carbon dioxide emissions country data co2". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-11-06.