Energy in Portugal
Energy in Portugal describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Portugal. Energy policy of Portugal will describe the politics of Portugal related to energy more in detail. Electricity sector in Portugal is the main article of electricity in Portugal.
|Energy in Portugal|
|Change 2004-09||1.0 %||-9.2 %||25.4 %||-9.3 %||7.7 %||-11.9 %|
|Mtoe = 11.63 TWh . Prim. energy includes energy losses
2012R = CO2 calculation criteria changed, numbers updated
EU directive has a binding 31% target of renewables up from 20.5% in 2005. According to the Portuguese National Renewable Energy Action Plan by 2020 electricity will be produced: wind power 23% 14.6 TWh, of which 99% onshore, hydro power 22% 14.1 TWh, biomass 5% 3.52 TWh and photovoltaic solar power 2% 1.5 TWh and concentrated solar power 2% 1 TWh.
Portugal has surported and increased the solar electricity (Photovoltaic power) and solar thermal energy (solar heating) during 2006-2010. Portugal was 9th in solar heating in the EU and 8th in solar power based on total volume in 2010.
There were no nuclear power plants in Portugal as of 2014.
Electricity in Portugal
Electricity use (gross production + imports – exports – losses) was 51.2 TWh in 2008. Portugal imported 9 TWh electricity in 2008. Population was 10.6 million. In 2014 electricity was generated by 30% hydroelectricity, 27% natural gas, 22% wind, 20% coal and 1% solar.
|CO2 emissions in 2009 (million tonnes)|
According to Energy Information Administration the CO2 emissions from energy consumption of Portugal were in 2009 56.5 Mt, slightly over Bangladesh with 160 million people and Finland with 5.3 million people. The emissions per capita were (tonnes): Portugal 5.58, India 1.38, China 5.83, Europe 7.14, Russia 11.23, North America 14.19, Singapore 34.59 and United Arab Emirates 40.31.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Energy in Portugal.|
- IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2015, 2014 (2012R as in November 2015 + 2012 as in March 2014 is comparable to previous years statistical calculation criteria, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
- Dirty Thirty WWF 2007
- EU Energy Policy to 2050 Achieving 80-95% emissions reductions, EWEA March 2011
- IEA Key energy statistics 2010 Page: 27, 54
- CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion
- IEA Key World Energy Statistics 2011, October, population in the end tables
- World carbon dioxide emissions data by country: China speeds ahead of the rest Guardian 31 January 2011
- world carbon dioxide emissions country data co2 Guardian