Energy in Senegal

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Senegal's major source of electricity is mostly diesel and gas, with an installed capacity of 633 MW.

Electricity sector[edit]

Following institutional reform in 1998, Senegal's electricity sector was split into three entities: Senelec, the national utility, the Agency for Rural Electrification (Agence Sénégalaise d'Electrification Rurale, ASER) and the Electricity Regulatory Board (Commission de Régulation au Secteur de l'Electricité, CRSE).[1][2]

Electricity generation, mainly on a Build-Own-Operate (BOO) basis, is open to the private sector. Senelec, the sole buyer, signs power purchase contracts with independent power producers (IPPs).

Electricity production[edit]

The Manantali Dam in Mali generates some of Senegal's electricity needs.

Senegal's major source of electricity is mostly diesel and gas, with an installed capacity of 633 MW.

  • The General Electric/GTI Dakar IPP, which supplies approximately 20 percent of Senelec’s electrical needs, was commissioned in 1998. It has an installed capacity of 56 MW.
  • Some hydroelectricity generated from the Manantali Dam in Mali is split between Senegal, Mali and Mauritania. Manantali has an installed capacity of 200 MW dispatched as follows: 52% for Mali, 15% for Mauritania and 33% for Senegal (66 MW).[1]

Electricity demand and supply gaps[edit]

Senelec is dealing with a chronic electricity production gap. which has worsened due to growing demand for electricity – the average demand increase during 2005-2009 is estimated at 7%, representing an electricity consumption of 1.933 TWh in 2005 to an estimated 2.66 TWh in 2009. The company is experiencing declining reliability of aging power plants.[1]

Senegal's GDP growth was hindered in 2007 by frequent electricity outages, which caused a slowdown of the economic and manufacturing activities. The GDP growth rate decreased to 2.1% in 2006 from 5.5% in 2005. According to local reports, the outages have contributed to the closure of many small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the food processing, textile and tourism sectors. Larger companies are reporting declines in output averaging 30%.[1]

Future development[edit]

Senegal is committed to shifting from a diesel-based power generation to cheaper energy sources. Senegal has thus put an option on the coal technology. The recent bid to build-own and operate a 125 MW coal-fired Sendou power station was awarded to a consortium of companies headed by the Swedish operator Nykomb Synergetics.[3] In addition, Senegal has embarked on an aggressive effort to produce significant quantities of biofuels, initially to run electricity generation units, and has a pilot project using sugarcane-based ethanol.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Senegal Country Commercial Guide 2008. U.S. Commercial Service (2008).  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ Loi n° 98-29 du 14 avril 1998 relative au secteur de l’électricité (in French)
  3. ^ "Senegal to build new 124 MW coal-fired power plant". Forbes. 25 January 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 

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