Energy in Sudan

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Energy in Sudan describes energy and electricity production, consumption and imports in Sudan. Sudan is a net energy exporter. Primary energy use in Sudan was 179 kWh and 4 kWh per million persons in 2008.[1]

The world share of energy production in Africa was 12 percent of oil and 7 percent of gas in 2009. In 2010, major energy producers in Africa were Algeria, Angola, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Libya, Nigeria and Sudan.[2]

According to the OECD and the World Bank, the population growth of Sudan from 2004 to 2008 was 16.4 percent (in comparison to the world average of 5.3 percent, India at 5.6 percent and Nigeria at 17.6 percent).[1]


Energy in Sudan[3]
Capita Prim. energy Production Export Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 35.5 205 341 -134 3.28 9.71
2007 38.6 171 403 -219 3.64 10.87
2008 41.4 179 406 -222 3.99 12.06
2009 42.27 184 409 213 4.85 13.26
2012 44.63 6.72 14.51
Change 2004-09 19.0 % 10.3 % 20.0 % 58.7 % 47.9 % 36.6 %
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh, Prim. energy includes energy losses


According to Transparency International, companies operating in Sudan (based on reporting in 2009) included four national companies: China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), Kuwait Petroleum Corporation (KPC), the Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC, the Indian NOC) and Petronas (Petroliam Nasional Berhad). Transparency International audited these companies' corporate reporting on anti-corruption programmes, organisational disclosure and country-level global disclosure (including in Sudan) until February 2011 to enhance the transparency and accountability of oil and gas revenues. The report "Why transparency in the oil and gas sector matters" states: "Oil and gas producers transfer considerable funds to host governments – in the form of license fees, royalties, dividends, taxes and support for local communities. These financial inflows should contribute substantially to social and economic development, yet many resource-rich countries have been unable to transform resource wealth into wellbeing". All African companies scored zero in reporting on anti-corruption programmes. In general, country-level disclosure in Sudan demonstrated opportunities for improvement.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b IEA Key energy statistics 2010 Page: Country specific indicator numbers from page 48
  2. ^ a b 2011 Report on oil and gas companies, Promoting revenue transparency Transparency International 2011 p. 115, 117 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "TI2011" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  3. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15