Energy policy of Belgium

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Energy policy of Belgium describes the politics of Belgium related to energy. Energy in Belgium describes energy and electricity production. consumption and import in Belgium. Electricity sector in Belgium is the main article of electricity in Belgium.

Belgium is a federal state. The energy policy is mainly set by the three regions. Belgian federal government, if in place, have jurisdiction in some areas. The federal government have responsibility of the nuclear policy - and closing the nuclear plants. Belgium is a member of the European Union compling the energy policy of the European Union.

Climate policy[edit]

At the federal level, Minister Paul Magnette is in charge of politics of global warming. Belgium takes part in the European Union Emission Trading Scheme and United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Belgium has signed the Kyoto Protocol. Belgium emissions in 2007 were 10 tonnes of carbon dioxide per capita, when the EU 27 average was 7.9 tonnes per capita.[1]

EU renewable energy targets of final energy for Belgium is 13% by 2020.[2]

Electricity[edit]

Electricity was 13% of primary energy use in 2008.[3] According to the IEA statistics the fuels of electricity consumption in 2009 were: 53,8% nuclear, 40,8% fossil, 7,4% renewable and 2% export of production.[4]

Nuclear power[edit]

In October 2009, the final version of GEMIX report commissioned by Minister Paul Magnette was published. The report studied the energy sources for the years 2020 and 2030. It recommended not to close the old nuclear reactors in 2015 as previously planned.[5] Ecolo the French-speaking green party was against keeping them after 2015.

Renewable electricity[edit]

Existing share of renewable energy of electricity in Belgium was 2.8% in 2006 and target 6.0% by 2010.[2]

Belgium was an exception in the central Europe by not having feed-in tariff FiT for wind energy in 2007, like e.g. the Netherlands, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Spain, France and Portugal.[2] Wind electricity production per inhabitant in 2009 was in Belgium 93 kWh/person compared to Spain 794, Germany 461, the Netherlands 278, Britain 138 and France 121.[4]

Belgium had in 2007 FiT for small installations of photovoltaic solar power.[2]

Biofuels[edit]

Target for biofuels was in Belgium was 5.75% by 2010.[2] The EU Biofuels Directive (2001) requires 5.75% biofuels of transport fuels excluding aviation by December 31, 2010.

Regional policy[edit]

Flemish Region[edit]

As of 2009, there was 3.3% of electricity coming from renewable energy.[6] The Flemish Region published various Beleidsnota energie. The 2004-2009 version was published by Minister Kris Peeters. The 2004-2009 version was published by Minister Freya Van den Bossche,on 27 October 2009.[7] This report was partially based on research conducted by VITO.

The Flemish region stated five goals for the government of 2009-2014:[7]

  • increase energy efficiency of buildings, processes, machines,processes, products and services
  • reduce the energy intensity
  • increase decentralized production
  • secure electricity and gas at low prices
  • ensure that the energy remains available and affordable for the poor.

The government target is 9% of renewable electricity in 2014 and 13% in 2020.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Table 1: Emissions of carbon dioxide in total, per capita and per GDP in EU and OECD countries, 2007 Archived October 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Energy in Sweden, Facts and figures, The Swedish Energy Agency 2010 Source: IEA/OECD
  2. ^ a b c d e Renewable energy in the world 2007 Ren21, Worldwatch 2008 Slides
  3. ^ IEA Key energy statistics 2010 Page: Country specific indicator numbers from page 48
  4. ^ a b Table 49: Specific electricity production per inhabitant with breakdown by power source (kWh/person) Energy in Sweden, Facts and figures The Swedish Energy Agency 2010 Source: IEA/OECD
  5. ^ Quel mix énergétique idéal pour la Belgique aux horizons 2020 et 2030 ? GEMIX report Belgium, September 30, 2009. Luc Dufresne was president of the workgroup (French)
  6. ^ Recordaantal nieuwe zonnepanelen 12/10/2009
  7. ^ a b c Energie 2009-2014 27 oktober 2009 Vlaams minister van Energie page 25