Enfield Highway is marked thus on the Ordnance Survey map of 1822, it is a settlement mainly from the eighteenth century named from the kings highe way leading to London 1610, the highway being the Roman road Ermine Street (now the A1010 Hertford Road).
The name of the hamlet along this stretch of road was recorded as "Cocksmiths End" in 1572 and in 1658.
Thomas Ford in his history of Enfield (1873) records the existence in Enfield Highway of "a school for 160 boys, with a master's house, built in 1872, near the Church, under a certificated master and three pupil teachers" and a "girls' and infants' school at the Highway,for 260 children, taught by a certificated mistress, and four pupil teachers."
A public library, built with the aid of a grant from the Carnegie Foundation was opened Enfield Highway in 1910. An enlarged lending library was added to the rear of the building in 1938. The borough's travelling library (started in 1947) was originally based there.
Places of worship
St James' Church, a brick gothic Commissioners' church designed by William Conrad Lochner, was consecrated in 1831 The first Anglican place of worship to be established in Enfield in addition to the parish church, St James' was built by subscription as a chapel of ease on land given by Woodham Connop. It was consecrated on 15 October by the Bishop of London, Charles Blomfield. A district was assigned to the church on 9 December 1833. It comprised the whole of the parish of east of a line drawn at a distance of 150 yards to the west of the main road from Edmonton to Cheshunt. The church was licensed for marriages in 1845.
For King George's Field, see main article List of King George V Playing Fields (Greater London)
Durants Park was created in 1903 from the estate of the former manor house called Durrants. It was named after the family of Adam Durant from 1244. It later became the home of the Wroth and Stringer families. The gatehouse of the manor survived until 1910.
On the west side of the Hertford Road is a terraced row of six almshouses, with a stone tablet bearing the inscription: "These almshouses were erected and endowed by Mr. Charles Wright, of Enfield-highway, for the support of six poor widows, A.D. 1847." Wright built the almshouses a few years before his death in 1851, and by a deed of 1848 conveyed them to trustees, who were given the responsibility of choosing six poor widows, aged over sixty, with an income of no more £10 a year, and not receiving parochial relief, to occupy them. The widows were also to receive a sum of £10 annually, and one ton of coal each winter. The almshouses form a grade II listed building.
In the 2011 census, White British was the largest ethnic group at 38%, followed by 18% Other White and 12% Black African.
In popular culture
Transport and locale
Nearest railway stations
- "Enfield Ward population 2011". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- http://www.enfield.gov.uk/362/Enfield%20Highway.pdf[permanent dead link] Local Government Boundaries Map
- Anthony David Mills (2001). Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280106-6.
- T F T Baker, R B Pugh (Editors), A P Baggs, Diane K Bolton, Eileen P Scarff, G C Tyack (1976). "Enfield: Growth before 1850". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 5: Hendon, Kingsbury, Great Stanmore, Little Stanmore, Edmonton Enfield, Monken Hadley, South Mimms, Tottenham. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 August 2012.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Ford and Hodgson (1873), p.328
- "Public Libraries in Enfield a history". London Borough of Enfield. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012.
- http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=26957 Retrieved 16 April 2011
- Ford and Hodgson (1873), p,313
- http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=26951 Retrieved 16 April 2011
- Ford and Hodgson (1873)
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1189188)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- "Enfield Highway - UK Census Data 2011".
- Ford, Edward; Hodson, George H. (1873). A History of Enfield in the County of Middlesex; including its royal and ancient manors, the chase, and the Duchy of Lancaster, with notices of its worthies, and its natural history, etc.; also an account of the church and charities, and a history of the New River;. Enfield: [Enfield, Mddx.] Enfield Press.
A photograph of the gatehouse at Durants from the Victoria and Albert Museum https://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O54060/photograph-national-photographic-record-and-survey/