Enfield North (UK Parliament constituency)

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Enfield North
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Enfield North in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 66,761 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1974 (1974)
Member of parliament Joan Ryan (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Enfield East and Enfield West
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Enfield North is a peripheral Greater London constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Joan Ryan, a member of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

The northernmost seat in Greater London, Enfield North is deeply suburban, almost village-like in parts: particularly its rolling terrain including Gordon Hill and Carterhatch. Green belt legislation has kept housing development at bay, and the area has much in common with the adjoining county of Hertfordshire. The tree-lined avenues of Enfield Chase are also quiet and affluent.[2] However, much of the eastern part of the constituency is in the Lea Valley industrial area and includes some small areas with significant levels of multiple deprivation.[3]

History[edit]

The seat was created for the February 1974 election from the former seats of Enfield West and Enfield East. The former was a safe Conservative seat, at one point represented by Iain Macleod, whereas the latter was a secure Labour seat.

From its creation up until 2015, Enfield North was somewhat a bellwether of the national result; it elected Labour MPs at both the 1974 elections, was taken by the Conservatives and held by comfortable margins in every election from 1979 to 1992, before being won back by Labour in 1997 (albeit with relatively narrow majorities throughout the party's time in government) and narrowly going to the Conservatives in 2010 in an election which nationally saw a hung Parliament. In 2015, however, the Conservatives lost the seat to Labour in an election which nationally saw them win an overall majority.

Boundary alterations based on an increased population within the existing area made the seat notionally Conservative before the 6 May 2010 election, and Nick de Bois won the seat. However, the former Labour MP Joan Ryan, who sat for the constituency from 1997 to 2010, regained it in 2015.

Boundaries[edit]

1974-1983: The London Borough of Enfield wards of Bullsmoor, Bush Hill, Cambridge Road, Chase, Enfield Wash, Green Street, Ordnance, Ponders End, Town, and Willow.

1983-2010: The London Borough of Enfield wards of Bullsmoor, Chase, Enfield Lock, Enfield Wash, Green Street, Hoe Lane, Ponders End, Southbury, Town, Willow, and Worcesters.

2010-present: The London Borough of Enfield wards of Chase, Enfield Highway, Enfield Lock, Highlands, Southbury, Town, and Turkey Street.

The constituency is set in the northern third of the London Borough of Enfield, stretching from Enfield Chase in the west, and the King George V Reservoir in the east, incorporating Brimsdown, Enfield Lock, and the M25 motorway interchange at the boundary with the borough of Broxbourne to the north.

Boundary review[edit]

Following its review of parliamentary representation in North London, the Boundary Commission for England made boundary changes to Enfield North for the 2010 general election. Part of Highlands ward was transferred to Enfield North from the constituency of Enfield, Southgate. Part of Grange ward was transferred to Enfield, Southgate. Ponders End ward was transferred to Edmonton, and part of Southbury ward was transferred from Edmonton to Enfield North.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
Feb 1974 Bryan Davies Labour
1979 Tim Eggar Conservative
1997 Joan Ryan Labour
2010 Nick de Bois Conservative
2015 Joan Ryan Labour

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Enfield North[5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joan Ryan[7] 20,172 43.7 +5.2
Conservative Nick de Bois 19,086 41.4 -0.9
UKIP Deborah Cairns 4,133 9.0 +6.8
Green David Flint [8] 1,303 2.8 +1.7
Liberal Democrat Cara Jenkinson 1,059 2.3 -9.9
Christian Peoples Yemi Awolola[9] 207 0.4 N/A
TUSC Joe Simpson[10] 177 0.4 N/A
Majority 1,086 2.4
Turnout 46,137 67.7 +0.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +3.0
General Election 2010: Enfield North[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Nick de Bois 18,804 42.3 -0.8
Labour Joan Ryan 17,112 38.5 -2.3
Liberal Democrat Paul Smith 5,403 12.2 +0.7
BNP Tony Avery 1,228 2.8 +0.2
UKIP Madge Jones 938 2.1 +0.3
Green Bill Linton 489 1.1 +1.1
Christian Anthony Williams 161 0.4 +0.4
English Democrats Raquel Weald 131 0.3 +0.3
Workers Revolutionary Anna Athow 96 0.2 +0.2
Independent Gonul Daniels 91 0.2 +0.2
Majority 1,692 3.8
Turnout 44,453 67.1 +6.8
Conservative hold Swing +0.7

Note: Boundary changes before the 2010 election meant that this seat was notionally Conservative, and hence de Bois's win was a Conservative hold rather than a gain.

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Enfield North[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joan Ryan 18,055 44.3 −2.4
Conservative Nick de Bois 16,135 39.6 −1.1
Liberal Democrat Simon Radford 4,642 11.4 +2.6
BNP Terence Farr 1,004 2.5 +0.9
UKIP Gary Robbens 750 1.8 +0.7
Independent Patrick Burns 163 0.4 N/A
Majority 1,920 4.7
Turnout 40,749 61.3 +4.3
Labour hold Swing −0.6
General Election 2001: Enfield North[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joan Ryan 17,888 46.7 -4.0
Conservative Nick de Bois 15,597 40.7 +4.4
Liberal Democrat Hilary Leighter 3,355 8.8 -0.2
BNP Ray Johns 605 1.6 +0.3
UKIP Brian Hall 427 1.1 +0.1
ProLife Alliance Michael Akerman 241 0.6 N/A
Independent Richard Course 210 0.5 N/A
Majority 2,291 6.0
Turnout 38,323 57.0 -13.3
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Enfield North[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joan Ryan 24,138 50.7
Conservative Mark Field 17,326 36.4
Liberal Democrat Mike Hopkins 4,264 9.0
Referendum Robert Ellingham 857 1.8
BNP Jean Griffin 590 1.24
UKIP Jose O'Ware 484 1.02
Majority 6,812 14.29
Turnout 47,659 70.35
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 16.10
General Election 1992: Enfield North[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tim Eggar 27,789 52.9
Labour Martin Upham 18,359 34.95
Liberal Democrat Sarah Tustin 5,817 11.07
Natural Law John Markham 565 1.08
Majority 9,430 17.95
Turnout 52,530 77.91
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Enfield North[18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tim Eggar 28,758 55.54
Labour Martin Upham 14,743 28.47
SDP–Liberal Alliance H Leighter 7,633 14.74
Green M Chantler 644 1.24
Majority 14,015 27.07
Turnout 74.51
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Enfield North[20][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tim Eggar 25,456 51.7
Labour BG Grayson 13,740 27.91
SDP–Liberal Alliance J Daly 9,452 19.2
Ecology T Persighetti 320 0.65
BNP J Billingham 268 0.54
Majority 11,716 23.80
Turnout 72.43
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Enfield North[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tim Eggar 24,927 48.06
Labour Bryan Davies 21,444 41.34
Liberal K Crawford 4,681 9.02
National Front Jeremy Wotherspoon 816 1.57
Majority 3,483 6.72
Turnout 51,866 78.08
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election October 1974: Enfield North[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bryan Davies 20,880 43.66
Conservative C de H Parkinson 16,087 33.64
Liberal S Curtis 9,526 19.92
National Front R Burton 1,330 2.78
Majority 4,793 10.0
Turnout 47,825 70.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Enfield North[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bryan Davies 20,690 39.0 N/A
Conservative C de H Parkinson 17,274 32.6 N/A
Liberal S. Curtis 13,682 25.8 N/A
National Front K.T. Robinson 1,372 2.6 N/A
Majority 3,416 6.4 N/A
Turnout 53,015 78.8 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ }http://www.mouseprice.com/area-guide/en2 Area Guide from Mouseprice]
  3. ^ http://data.london.gov.uk/datastorefiles/documents/ID2010-a-london-perspective.pdf
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  6. ^ http://www.enfield.gov.uk/downloads/file/11787/declarations_of_results
  7. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/enfield-north-2015.html
  8. ^ http://www.enfieldgreens.org.uk/vote4david.htm
  9. ^ "CPA Candidates for the General Election". Christian Peoples Alliance. Retrieved 1 March 2015. 
  10. ^ "tusc-reaches-welsh-broadcast-threshold-now-for-england-and-scotland". Retrieved 1 March 2015. 
  11. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/constit/030.htm
  16. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge92/i08.htm
  18. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  19. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge87/i08.htm
  20. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  21. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge83/i08.htm
  22. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge79/i08.htm
  23. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge74b/i08.htm
  24. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge74a/i08.htm

Coordinates: 51°40′01″N 0°04′30″W / 51.667°N 0.075°W / 51.667; -0.075