Enfield Shaker Museum
Enfield Shaker Historic District
The Great Stone Dwelling, Mary Keane Chapel and West Brethren Shop (right to left)
|Location||NH Route 4A, Enfield, New Hampshire|
|Area||1,235 acres (500 ha)|
|NRHP Reference #||79000198|
|Added to NRHP||November 7, 1979|
|Community||Enfield Shaker Village, New Hampshire|
|Spiritual name||Chosen Vale|
|Families||Church, North, South|
|Maximum population||297 in 1840|
The Enfield Shaker Museum is an outdoor history museum and historic district in Enfield, New Hampshire in the United States. It is dedicated to preserving and sharing the history of the Shakers, a Protestant religious denomination, who lived on the site from 1793 to 1923. The museum features exhibitions, artifacts, eight Shaker buildings and restored Shaker gardens. It is located in a valley between Mount Assurance and Mascoma Lake in Enfield.
One of the buildings, the Great Stone Dwelling, was the largest residential building north of Boston and is the largest Shaker building. When the Shaker community closed, most of the land that made up the Enfield Shaker Village was sold to the Missionaries of La Salette. The state owns 28 acres (11 ha) and 13 buildings, which is now the Enfield Shaker Museum.
The Shakers, or United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, settled on the site in 1793 along Lake Mascoma on up to 1,200 acres (490 ha). A meetinghouse was built May 1793 and a residential building was constructed in 1794. Subsequent buildings were made of granite with advanced stone masonry techniques, which was revolutionary for that time period. There were 132 members of the village by 1803, and by 1840 there were nearly 300 people.
Within the village was the largest Shaker dwelling and the largest residential dwelling north of Boston, the Great Stone Building. Built from 1837 to 1841 for the Church Family, it had four full stories and a total of six stories. Men and women lived in the building, but entered doors specific for their gender to separate quarters. It was designed by Ammi Burnham Young, who created the designs for the second state capitol in Vermont and was the first supervising architect for the United States Treasury. The granite stonework on the exterior and the slate roof were constructed by stonemasons from Boston. The Shaker brothers constructed the rest of the building themselves.
In 1849 the Shakers built the half-mile long Shaker Bridge that crossed a narrow portion of Lake Mascoma to the railroad line. In 1870 the elaborate Victorian and Shaker architectural Ministry shop was built to house the community's religious leaders. To support itself, the community made brooms, buckets, spinning wheels, tubs, dry measures and shirts. It also made and sold applesauce, maple syrup, herbs, medicines and seeds.
Like other Shaker communities, the Enfield Shaker village declined throughout the second half of the 19th century. In 1923, they closed the Enfield Shaker village and moved to the Canterbury community in central New Hampshire.
Since 1986, the Enfield Shaker Museum has worked to preserve the Shaker heritage of the site without neglecting the 20th century history of the village. The Great Stone Dwelling houses the gift shop and the primary exhibition space. The museum is open 7 days a week, offering tours of the site, and offers overnight stays in the original Shaker bedrooms of the Great Stone Dwelling.
Missionaries of La Salette
In 1927, the site was sold to the Missionaries of La Salette, who converted the site into a seminary for the Catholic priesthood, school and conference site. The La Salettes built in 1930 the Mary Keane Chapel, a neo-classical revival chapel, which is now part of the museum and open to visitors. The Missionaries of La Salette closed the seminary in 1974, and the center is now known as the Shrine of Our Lady of La Salette, which is a center of "reconciliation".
- Shaker Seed Company
- Thomas Corbett (Shaker doctor)
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Grafton County, New Hampshire
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Stephen J. Paterwic (28 September 2009). The A to Z of the Shakers. Scarecrow Press. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-8108-7056-7.
- Enfield Shaker Museum — Reviews and Ratings of Sites in Hanover, New York Times Travel.
- Shaker Museum, Enfield, NH Map, PlanetWare Travel Guide.
- Enfield Shaker Historic District — Shaker Historic Trail, National Park Service.
- Stephen J. Paterwic (28 September 2009). The A to Z of the Shakers. Scarecrow Press. pp. 65–66. ISBN 978-0-8108-7056-7.
- Enfield Shaker Historic District. National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary. National Park Service. Retrieved March 27, 2014.
- Patricia Schultz. 1,000 Places to See in the United States and Canada Before You Die. Workman Publishing; 2011. ISBN 978-0-7611-6336-7. p. 70.
- Jean M. Burks. Shaker design: out of this world. Yale University Press; 2008. p. 19.
- G.E. Kidder Smith. Source Book of American Architecture: 500 Notable Buildings from the 10th Century to the Present. Princeton Architectural Press; 1 September 2000. ISBN 978-1-56898-254-0. p. 184.
- Timothy D. Rieman; Jean M. Burks. Encyclopedia of Shaker furniture. Schiffer; 2003. p. 365.
- Stephen J. Paterwic (11 August 2008). Historical Dictionary of the Shakers. Scarecrow Press. pp. 220–. ISBN 978-0-8108-6255-5.
- Home. The Enfield Shaker Museum. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- Stay in the Great Stone Dwelling. The Enfield Shaker Museum. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- Paul Karr. Frommer's Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine. John Wiley & Sons; 1 July 2010. ISBN 978-0-470-73072-0. p. 204.
- The Miracle of Enfield: A Vale Chosen by God Himself. La Salette of Enfield. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
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