Eng Sérgio Motta Dam
|Engineer Sérgio Motta (Porto Primavera) Dam|
NASA image of dam before (1987) and after (2000) completion.
|Official name||Sérgio Motta Hydroelectric Power Plant|
|Location||Rosana, São Paulo, Brazil|
|Construction cost||$9 billion USD|
|Dam and spillways|
|Type of dam||Embankment, concrete portion|
|Height||22 m (72 ft)|
|Length||11,380 m (37,340 ft)|
|Spillway type||Service, gate-controlled|
|Creates||Sérgio Motta Reservoir|
|Total capacity||19.9 km3 (16,100,000 acre⋅ft)|
|Surface area||2,250 km2 (870 sq mi)|
|Turbines||14 x 110 MW (150,000 hp) Kaplan turbines|
|Installed capacity||1,540 MW (2,070,000 hp)|
|Annual generation||10.5 TWh (38 PJ)|
The Engineer Sérgio Motta Dam, formerly known as the Porto Primavera Dam, is an embankment dam on the Paraná River near Rosana in São Paulo, Brazil. It was constructed between 1980 and 1999 for hydroelectric power production, flood control and navigation. Estimated 11 millions tropical trees submerged
The 22 metres (72 ft) tall dam creates a reservoir with a 19.9 cubic kilometres (16,100,000 acre⋅ft) capacity and surface area of 2,250 square kilometres (870 sq mi). The dam supports hydroelectric power plant on its southern end with an installed capacity of 1,540 megawatts (2,070,000 hp). The power plant contains 14 x 110 megawatts (150,000 hp) Kaplan turbine generators. Although there are no plans to install them, the power plant has room to accommodate an additional four generators. The dam also supports a 210-metre (690 ft) long and 17-metre (56 ft) wide navigation lock on its southern end with the ability to transport 27 million tons a year.
Construction on the dam began in 1980 and the first filling of the reservoir to 253 metres (830 ft) above sea level was complete by 1998. It was inaugurated in 1999 with the first three generators commissioned in March. In 2000, five more generators came online and by 2001, a total of ten were in operation. The second filling to 257 metres (843 ft) above sea level was complete in March 2001 and by October 2003, all 14 generators were in operation.
The dam flooded 13,227 hectares (32,680 acres) of the Lagoa São Paulo Reserve and 3,211 hectares (7,930 acres) of the Great Pontal Reserve. In compensation, the Companhia Energética de São Paulo (CESP) created the 73,345 hectares (181,240 acres) Rio Ivinhema State Park, the 7,720 hectares (19,100 acres) Rio do Peixe State Park, the 9,043 hectares (22,350 acres) Aguapeí State Park and the 6,262 hectares (15,470 acres) Cisalpina Private Natural Heritage Reserve.
In 2005, an infestation of Hydrilla verticillata was discovered in the reservoir, the first time the invasive weed was discovered in Brazil. The dam has also had negative effects on downstream fish reproduction and has a 520-metre (1,710 ft) long fish ladder.
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