From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(Burrowing crayfishes,
Tasmanian land crayfishes)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Infraorder: Astacidea
Family: Parastacidae
Genus: Engaeus
Erichson, 1846
Type species
Astacus fossor Erichson, 1846 [1]
Engaeus distribution.svg

Engaeus is a genus of freshwater crayfish found in Australia, the burrowing crayfishes. Fifteen of the 35 species in the genus[2][3] occur in Tasmania, where they are known as the Tasmanian land crayfishes. The behaviour of these crayfish is notable as they live in burrows and construct large "chimneys" at the opening.[4]

All of the 35 species of Engaeus have been assessed for the IUCN Red List:[5]

Data deficient

Critically endangered

Endangered species

Vulnerable species

Near threatened

Least concern


  1. ^ "Genus Engaeus Erichson, 1846". Australian Faunal Directory. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. 28 November 2008. 
  2. ^ James W. Fetzner, Jr. (11 February 2005). "Genus Engaeus Erichson, 1846". Crayfish Taxon Browser. Carnegie Museum of Natural History. 
  3. ^ Keith Crandall (1999). "Engaeus". Tree of Life Web Project. 
  4. ^ Horwitz, P. (1990). "A taxonomic revision of species in the freshwater crayfish genus Engaeus Erichson (Decapoda: Parastacidae)". Invertebrate Taxonomy. 4 (3): 427–614. doi:10.1071/IT9900427. 
  5. ^ "Search". IUCN Red List. Version 2010.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 14 October 2010.