Engan languages

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Enga – Southern Highlands
New Guinea
Linguistic classification Northeast New Guinea?
  • Engan
  • North (Engan)
  • South (Kewa–Huli)
Glottolog enga1254[1]
Map: The Engan languages of New Guinea
  The Engan languages
  Other Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages

The Engan languages are a family of Trans–New Guinea languages in the classification of Malcolm Ross. The nine languages are clearly related.

There are a considerable number of resemblances with Wiru, though borrowing has not been ruled out.

Pronouns are easy to reconstruct for the northern and southern branches, but much more difficult for Engan as a whole. Ross (2005) has the following for the singular:

pEngan N Engan S Engan Wiru
1 **nə *na-ba *ní no (gen. anu)
2 **ne-ke *ne-ba *ne-ke ne (gen. ne-ke)
3 ? *ba *[n]i-bu one

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Enga–Kewa–Huli". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.


  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson. Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15&ndash, 66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.