Engelsbrand

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Engelsbrand
Coat of arms of Engelsbrand
Coat of arms
Engelsbrand  is located in Germany
Engelsbrand
Engelsbrand
Location inside Enzkreis
Engelsbrand im Enzkreis.png
Coordinates: 48°49′48″N 08°39′00″E / 48.83000°N 8.65000°E / 48.83000; 8.65000Coordinates: 48°49′48″N 08°39′00″E / 48.83000°N 8.65000°E / 48.83000; 8.65000
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Karlsruhe
District Enzkreis
Government
 • Mayor Bastian Rosenau
Area
 • Total 15.19 km2 (5.86 sq mi)
Elevation 587 m (1,926 ft)
Population (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total 4,452
 • Density 290/km2 (760/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 75331
Dialling codes 07235 / 07082
Website www.engelsbrand.de

Engelsbrand is a municipality in the district of Enz in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is home to the luxury watchmaker Stowa. It contains the villages of Engelsbrand, Sulmbach, and Grunbach.

History[edit]

The three villages of Engelsbrand, Sulmbach, and Grunbach were founded in the 11th or 12th centuries Waldhufendorf as part of the settling of the area around Hirsau Abbey. The first documentation of the communities occurred on 24 July 1404, when canons from Brötzingen requested the separation of several villages, including the Engelsbrand three, from Brötzingen for the formation of a new parish in Langenbrand. This application was approved on 10 September of the same year, making Engelsbrand subservient to the Count of Württemberg.

The Engelsbrand three were struck with plague and frequently sacked during the Thirty Years' War, the reign of Louis XIV of France, and the Coalition Wars. In 1807, the three villages were assigned to the Calw Oberamt, a province of the Kingdom of Württemberg. Three years later, they were assigned to the Neuenbürg Oberamt, which both came under the Schwarzwaldkreis in 1817.

Coat of arms[edit]

Engelsbrand's coat of arms since 1984

The coat of arms of Engelsbrand shows a holly leaf with two berries and a burning log over a white field divided by an oblique and wavering blue band, combining the coats of arms of the three villages in the municipality. A first draft of this coat of arms, commemorating the merger of Engelsbrand, Grunbach, and Salmbach into one municipality on 1 January 1975, was authorized for use by the Enzkreis district office on 20 December 1984. The blue band is taken from Grunbach and Salmbach, as is the holly leaf that symbolizes the flora of the Black Forest, while the burning log, representing forest-clearing activities by medieval farmers, is from Engelsbrand proper.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2017". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). 2018. 
  2. ^ "Engelsbrand". leo-bw.de (in German). Baden-Württemberg. Retrieved 25 April 2018.