Enggano hill myna

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Enggano hill myna
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Sturnidae
Genus: Gracula
Species: G. enganensis
Binomial name
Gracula enganensis
Salvadori, 1899

The Enggano hill myna or Enggano myna (Gracula enganensis) is a member of the starling family. It is an endemic resident of Enggano Island, off southwest Sumatra.


The Enggano hill myna is stocky with mainly black plumage. It has bright orange-yellow patches of naked skin and fleshy yellow wattles on the side of its head and nape. At about 27 centimetres (11 in) in length, it is somewhat smaller than the common hill myna.

It has overall turquoise-glossed black plumage, purple-tinged on the head and neck. There are large white wing patches which are obvious in flight. The thick bill and strong legs are bright yellow.


The bird is arboreal, and is found mainly along forest edges. Like most starlings, the Enggano hill myna is fairly omnivorous, eating fruit, nectar and insects.


  • Feare, Chris; Craig, Adrian (1999). Starlings and Mynas. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-7136-3961-X.