Engilchek Glacier

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Engilchek Glacier
South Inylchek Base Camp.jpg
South Engilchek Base Camp
Map showing the location of Engilchek Glacier
Map showing the location of Engilchek Glacier
Location in Kyrgyzstan. (The uppermost 16 km of the South Engilchek Glacier is in China, and the uppermost 14 km of the North Engilchek Glacier is in Kazakhstan.)
Type Valley glacier
Location Central Tian Shan mountains, Kyrgyzstan, China, and Kazakhstan
Coordinates 42°09′30″N 79°56′0″E / 42.15833°N 79.93333°E / 42.15833; 79.93333Coordinates: 42°09′30″N 79°56′0″E / 42.15833°N 79.93333°E / 42.15833; 79.93333
Area 17.2 square kilometres (7 sq mi)
Length 60.5 kilometres (38 mi)
Gorkiy Peak from South Engilchek Glacier

Engilchek Glacier (Kyrgyz: Эңилчек, Russian: Энильчек - Enilchek, also Иныльчек - Inylchek) is a glacier in the Central Tian Shan Mountains of Issyk-Kul Region, northeastern Kyrgyzstan. Its snout is 50 km east of the village of Engilchek. The South Inylchek Glacier ranks as the sixth longest non-polar glacier in the world and is the largest and fastest moving glacier in Kyrgyzstan. The main glacier has two arms, the North and South Engilchek Glaciers. The latter is longer and provides an overall length of 60.5 kilometres (38 mi).[1] with an area of 17.2 square kilometres (7 sq mi) and an ice thickness of roughly 150–200 m in the bottom parts.[2] The glacier stems from the Chinese-Kazakh-Kyrgyz massif of Khan Tengri and Pik Pobedy and the upper part of the glacier falls in all three countries.[3] Meltwater from the glacier feeds a tributary of the Aksu River, which crosses the Chinese border into the Tarim Basin. Water from this glacier also feeds the seasonal glacial Lake Merzbacher which ultimately flows into the Engilchek River.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Häusler, Hermann. "Results from the 2009 geoscientific expedition to the Inylchek glacier, Central Tien Shan (Kyrgyzstan)" (PDF). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences. pp. 47–57. Retrieved 29 September 2013. [permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Inylchek Glacier". Central Asia Adventures. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  3. ^ "Engil’chek Glacier". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  4. ^ Bormudoi, A; Shabunin, A; Hazarika, M; Zaginaev, V; Samarakoon, L. "Studying the outburst of the Merzbacher lake of Inylchek glacier, Kyrgyzstan with Remote Sensing and Field Data". Retrieved 20 June 2015.