Engine House No. 18 (Detroit, Michigan)

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Engine House No. 18
Engine House No 18 Detroit MI.jpg
Location3812 Mt. Elliott Avenue
Detroit, Michigan
Coordinates42°21′47″N 83°1′21″W / 42.36306°N 83.02250°W / 42.36306; -83.02250Coordinates: 42°21′47″N 83°1′21″W / 42.36306°N 83.02250°W / 42.36306; -83.02250
ArchitectGeorge D. Mason & Zachariah Rice
Architectural styleQueen Anne
NRHP reference #95001368[1]
Added to NRHPNovember 29, 1995

The Engine House No. 18 is a fire station located at 3812 Mt. Elliott Avenue in Detroit, Michigan. It is also known as Engine Company No. 18 Fire Station. It is the third oldest existing (and was the oldest operating when closed in 2012) fire station in Detroit.[2] The station was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1995.[1]


Land for this Engine House was purchased in 1891 for $2100 (equivalent to $55,000 in 2018[3]). The building was designed by the Detroit architects George D. Mason and Zachariah Rice and constructed by Vinton & Co. for $20,228.14 (equivalent to $525,408 in 2018[3]).[2]


The Engine House is a two-story red brick building with trim of red-orange sandstone and salmon colored brick topped with a high double-pitch hip roof in the front and a lower roof in the rear.[4] Dormers feature wooden cornices containing sculpted faces, serpents, and dragonheads.[2] Two engine bays are located on the first floor, along with the station office, kitchen, and dining & recreation room. The sleeping quarters, officer's room, locker room and bathroom are on the second floor.[2] A hose-drying chamber stretches from the first floor to the attic.[2]

A rear addition to the original 1892 building was constructed in 1949;[2] the site also houses a one-story, brick storage building at the rear of the lot.[4]


  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
  2. ^ a b c d e f City of Detroit. "Engine Company No. 18" (PDF). City of Detroit. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-10-11. Retrieved 2008-12-06.
  3. ^ a b Thomas, Ryland; Williamson, Samuel H. (2019). "What Was the U.S. GDP Then?". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved April 6, 2019. United States Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the Measuring Worth series.
  4. ^ a b Michigan State Historic Preservation Office. "Engine House No. 18". Historic Sites Online. Michigan State Housing Development Authority. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2008-12-06.