Engineering Heritage Awards
|Engineering Heritage Awards|
de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito Prototype W4050
|Awarded for||Sites, locations, collections and artefacts of engineering significance which have changed the way in which society lives or functions|
|Presented by||Institution of Mechanical Engineers|
|First awarded||26 June 1984|
|Last awarded||01 April 2018|
|Currently held by||The de Havilland Aircraft Museum|
|Website||de Havilland Mosquito|
The Engineering Heritage Awards, formally known as the Engineering Heritage Hallmark Scheme, were established by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) in 1984 to identify and promote artefacts, locations, collections and landmarks of significant engineering importance.
Development of the Awards
Engineering Heritage Hallmark Scheme (EHHS)
In 1984, IMechE launched its Engineering Heritage Hallmark Scheme. For an object or artefact etc. to be considered for an award, an IMechE member would be required to complete a nomination form and submit it to the Institution. Upon submission, two referees would be appointed, one nominated by the Regional Committee where the object is located and a second independent referee. The submissions from both referees would then be reviewed by the Institution's Technical Support department before a decision was taken on the application.
Engineering Heritage Awards (EHA)
In 2007, the Institution established the Heritage Committee to relaunch and promote the now renamed Engineering Heritage Awards. It simplified the application process, making it more transparent and with a quicker decision-making process. Furthermore, the criteria were changed, and the Institution's own library and information service became involved in the verification of details being submitted. The Award plaque was also redesigned (see below).
EHHA and EHA plaques
Since 1984, the plaques presented to EHHS and EHA recipients have changed four times. The original plaque was a blue ceramic disc approximately 40 cm in wide. This was replaced in the 1990s by a rectangular steel plate mounted on a wooden base.
With the launch of the Engineering Heritage Awards in 2008, a new cast plaque was created. This was slightly modified in 2009 to reflect the rebranding of the Institution.
EHA plaque design used for three awards. Picture courtesy of Terry Whalebone.
Engineering Heritage Award recipients
|Heritage Award||Recipient||Date Awarded||Location||Citation|
|Parsons Building, Trinity College, Dublin||This was one of the first commercial machines based on the 1884 patent by Charles A Parsons for a steam turbine and used a dynamo as load. Output 65 amps, 100 volts at a speed of 12,000rpm. Presented to Trinity College, Dublin by Gerald Stone, BAI, 1911.|
|Claverton Pumping Station, Ferry Lane, Claverton, Bath. BA2 7BH||Designed by John Rennie 1761–1821. Built 1820-1813. Restored by Kennet and Avon Canal Trust 1969–1976.|
|Ffestiniog Railway, Harbour Station, Porthmadog, Gwynedd. LL49 9NF||In 1863 the company pioneered the use of narrow gauge steam locomotive haulage. The Fairlie patent design of articulated bogie locomotive and Britain’s first bogie coaches were successfully introduced in the 1870s. These innovations led to worldwide exports for British technology.|
|Museum of Science and Industry, Liverpool Road, Castlefield, Manchester. M3 4FP||Made by Beyer, Peacock and Company. Established in 1854 at Gorton, Manchester, the firm became world-renowned for its locomotives. Charles Beyer and Richard Peacock were founder members of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers.|
|Kelham Island Museum, Alma Street, Sheffield. S3 8RY||A three-cylinder 12,000 hp engine with Joy Valve Gear, one of the most powerful surviving steam engines in the world. Built in 1905 by Davy Brothers of Sheffield and installed at Cammell’s Grimesthorpe Works to drive an armour plate rolling mill, this engine was transferred to the River Don Works of English Steel Corporation where it remained until Easter 1978.|
|Cragside, Rothbury, Morpeth, Northumberland. NE65 7PX||The House of Lord Armstrong (1810–1900), inventor, engineer and armaments manufacturer. His hydraulic and hydroelectric inventions were applied throughout the estate. The house was the first in the world to be lit by electricity derived from water power.|
|Chatham Historical Dockyard, The Old Surgery, The Historic Dockyard, Chatham, Kent. ME4 4TZ||Designed and manufactured in 1811 by Henry Maudslay (1711–1831). It was used to re-rope HMS Victory and is still in use today.|
|Eling Tide Mill, The Tollbridge, Totton, Southampton. SP40 9HF||Restored in 1980 as a working tide mill museum. The only surviving mill in the world harnessing the power of the tide for the regular production of wholemeal flour.|
|Crofton Pumping Station, Crofton, Marlborough, Wiltshire. SN8 3DW||The world’s oldest steam engine still able to perform its original function. Presented to mark the year of the 250th anniversary of the birth of James Watt (Engineer) 1736–1819.|
|Kirkaldy Testing Museum, 99 Southwark Street, London. SE1 0JF (open on first Sunday of the month)||Built in 1865 to David Kirkaldy’s design. This machine established the present-day system of materials testing and specifications of mechanical properties for engineering materials.|
|Tower Bridge, Tower Bridge Road, London. SE1 2UP||Built to the design of Sir John Wolfe Barry. The whole mechanical construction is unique in the world and the acme of steam and hydraulic power of the Victorian era.|
|Plaque presented to Mount Pleasant Post Office, London. (Railway opening to visitors from September 2017)||Opened 5 December 1927. The first automatic electric railway and the only postal railway in the world, providing a unique solution to the problem of transporting large volumes of mail across a capital city.|
|Plaque at Museum of Rail Travel, Ingrow near Keighley, West Yorkshire. BD21 5AX. (Bellerophon on loan to Foxfield Railway, Stoke-on-Trent)||Built in 1874 to Josiah Evans’ design at his family’s Haydock foundry. The earliest surviving example of piston valves in a steam locomotive. Restored to full working order by the Vintage Carriages Trust in 1985.|
|Abbeydale Industrial Hamlet, Abbeydale South Road, Sheffield. S7 2QW||The furnace (1829) is the world’s oldest surviving example of the type developed by Benjamin Huntsman. In its day it represented a great metallurgical achievement.
The tilt hammers (1785) are probably the oldest set on their original site. They exemplify engineering technology in the heyday of water power. Together they symbolise the achievement of steel-makers and engineers which provided the foundations of the Industrial Revolution.
|Darlington Railway Museum, North Road Station, Darlington. DL3 6ST||Locomotion was built to a design originated by George Stephenson, the first President of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers.
On the opening day of the Stockton and Darlington Railway, 27 September 1825, he drove this engine, hauling the inaugural train, on the world’s first steam-worked public railway.
|RAF Museum Hendon, Grahame Park Way, London NW9 5LL||The world’s first operational V/STOL aircraft which entered service in 1969.
Developed from the P1127, a concept by the Hawker Aircraft and Bristol Siddeley Engines design teams under the leadership of Sir Sydney Camm and Sir Stanley Hooker.
|Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond. TW9 3AB||Designed by PSA Projects and opened on 28 July 1987 as the world’s most advanced energy-efficient conservatory.
It incorporates ten different climatic zones, created and maintained by a fully integrated computer-controlled system.
|Thames Barrier Learning Center, 1 Unity Way, Woolwich, London. SE18 5NJ||Officially opened in 1984, it is the world’s largest navigable flood barrier and incorporated novel and unique engineering design and operation of equipment.
It is vital and effective in London’s flood defences as well as being one of the capital’s aesthetically pleasing major structures.
Project sponsored by the Greater London Council. Consulting engineers Rendel Palmer and Tritton. Operated by the National Rivers Authority.
|Tees Transport Bridge, Ferry Road, Middlesbrough. TS2 1PL||This is the world’s longest operational transporter bridge.
Since its opening in 1911 it has provided a reliable crossing of the Tees, without the need for approach embankments, allowing freedom of passage to ocean-going vessels. Designed by Mr GC Imbault of Cleveland Bridge and Engineering Co Ltd and built by Sir William Arrol and Co Ltd.
|Wortley Top Forge Industrial Museum, Forge Lane, Thurgoland, South Yorkshire. S35 7DN||The world’s oldest surviving heavy-iron forge, operated from 1620 to 1908.
It earned a worldwide reputation for the quality of the railway axles produced in the 19th century. It was a pioneering example of integrated engineering, combining research, design, and manufacture and testing.
|Throughout London. The Award was presented to Thames Water at its Islington offices.||This is a unique water distribution system with a pressurised closed tunnel ring of drinking water, gravity fed from several treatment works.|
|65 Gilmore Place, Edinburgh. EH3 9NU (The house is now a 4 star bed and breakfast)||In this house lived David Theodore Nelson Williamson 1920–1992. Mechanical and Electrical Engineer. Originator of high-quality sound reproduction through his amplifier. World pioneer in the application of Numerical Control to Machine Tools which led to Computer-Aided Manufacture.|
|Discovery Museum, Blandford Square, Newcastle upon Tyne. NE1 4JA||TS Turbinia epitomises the achievements of Sir Charles Parsons (1854–1931), world renowned engineer and inventor.
Turbinia is powered by his greatest invention, the first practical steam turbine, which transformed high speed ship propulsion and established the foundation for present-day electrical power generation.
|National Waterfront Museum, Oystermouth Road, Maritime Quarter, Swansea. SA1 3RD||Richard Trevithick’s Penydarren Locomotive was constructed in 1804 and was operated by the Merthyr Tramroad. This is a replica of that machine which drew widespread recognition of the potential for rail traction of Trevithick’s high-pressure steam engine.|
|The engine was donated to the Science Museum, London. It is stored within their archives and not on display.||The intricate patterns engraved by this geometric lathe were used for over a century to protect bank notes and documents from forgery. In tandem with Bryan Donkin’s unique pantograph milling machine, the lathe produced high precision compound metal dies for printing simultaneously in two colours.|
|Rolls Royce Heritage Centre, Derby. DE24 8BJ||The RB211 is the first, and at present the only, three-shaft, high bypass ratio aero engine in the world to go into production. 25 years on, it is still setting new standards of reliability and durability.|
|University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham. NG7 2RD||This engine (Nº379) c1872 is one of about 1,300 built by Crossley Brothers, Manchester to a Nikolaus August Otto design patented in 1866.
It is an example of the first commercially successful internal combustion engine which was introduced at the 1867 Paris Exhibition.
|Channel Tunnel – Folkestone, Kent. Eurostar – Waterloo Station, London. (Eurostar has now relocated to St Pancras Station, London)||The Channel Tunnel is one of the most advanced and largest engineering projects of its type. It carries both conventional trains and vehicle shuttles and has reduced the time to cross the Channel to minutes rather than hours.|
|Kew Bridge Steam Museum, Green Dragon Lane, Brentford, Middlesex. TW8 0EN||Unique in its approach to the preservation of water pumping equipment, in particular the original installations of five famous Cornish beam engines.|
|Throughout Nottingham||The Nottingham Combined Heating and Power Scheme is the first in the UK to produce commercial electricity and hot water for community heating by the efficient incineration of refuse.
Reducing refuse to sterile, inert residue and extending the life of landfill sites are additional environmental and economic benefits of the scheme.
|Great Western Dock, Gasferry Road, Bristol. BS1 6TY||An outstanding example of IK Brunel’s innovative design that made a significant contribution to society and mechanical engineering. It was the first iron-hulled, screw-propelled vessel to cross any ocean. It was conceived as a key element in the integrated transport system from London to the New World.|
|Streetlife Museum, High Street, Kingston upon Hull. HU1 1PS||William Dent Priestman (1847–1936) patented in 1885 an internal combustion engine to burn fuels heavier than petrol.
Introduced in 1886, it was the first successful engine of its type in the United Kingdom. The quality of his mechanical engineering has lasted.
|Sheffield Forgemasters, Brightside Lane, Sheffield. S9 2RX||The world’s first cast steel node made in 1978 at the nearby foundry of River Don Castings, now part of Sheffield Forgemasters.
Used to join the tubulars of offshore oil platforms, the design in cast steel represented a significant milestone for both the development of casting technology and offshore structures.
|ANSYS UK, Sheffield Business Park, 6 Europa View, Sheffield. S9 1XH||Awarded in recognition of the significant impact of the Fluent CFD software (Releases 1–5, 1983 to 1998) on knowledge, excellence and innovation in mechanical engineering, and for its resultant contribution to the health and well-being of society, the economy and the environment.|
|Plaque located at Canary Wharf Underground Station, Canary Wharf, London.||In recognition of the numerous features contributing to passenger safety and access on the Jubilee Line Extension, exemplifying the continuous innovation in London’s Underground system from its inception in 1863.|
|Kelham Island Industrial Museum, Alma Street, Sheffield. S3 8RY||In recognition of the outstanding contribution to the steel industry by Sir Henry Bessemer through his invention of the Bessemer Process for steelmaking as embodied in this last remaining example of the Bessemer Converter.|
|Pilkington Group Limited, Prescott Road, St. Helens, Merseyside. WA10 3TT||Invented by Sir Alastair Pilkington and his team of engineers, scientists and production workers in 1953 at Pilkington Brothers, St Helens. This process has revolutionised window and automotive glass production throughout the world since the 1960s.|
|Kelham Island Museum, Alma Street, Sheffield. S3 8RY||Presented in recognition of the outstanding contribution to mechanical engineering made by Joseph Bramah in laying the foundations of fluid power engineering, as embodied in this last remaining example of a Bramah Hydraulic Press.|
|Anson Engine Museum, Anson Road, Poynton, Cheshire. SK12 1TD||The Gardner 4L2 engine was the first consistently reliable, high-speed direct injection diesel engine. Its fuel efficiency, total reliability and longevity were to transform road transport.|
|The Stephenson Works, 20 South Street, Newcastle upon Tyne. NE1 3PE (public access ceased in 2009)||The Stephenson Works on South Street in Newcastle housed the world’s first purpose-built locomotive works. These buildings were the birth of the steam locomotive, which revolutionised the railway industry worldwide.|
|Motorsport and Aviation Museum, Brooklands Road, Weybridge, Surrey. KT13 0QN||The Wellington, with its unique geodetic structure designed by Sir Barnes Wallis, was the most technically advanced of the new generation of RAF bombers developed in the mid-1930s. It served throughout World War Two and pioneered many features used in later designs.|
|Kew Bridge Steam Museum, Green Dragon Lane, Brentford, Middlesex. TW8 0EN||The largest engine of its type in existence and the only example still in its original location. The design was developed by Edward Bull in the 1790s and subsequently by Harvey and Company in Cornwall.|
|Didcot Railway Centre, Didcot Parkway Station, Oxfordshire. OX11 7NJ||For its work in preserving and recreating the heritage of the Great Western Railway, allowing future generations to enjoy the work of Brunel, Gooch and Churchward, to participate and to learn engineering skills.|
|Ffestiniog Railway, Harbour Station, Porthmadog, Gwynedd. LL49 9NF||Built in 1909 to HW Garratt’s patent, the first of over 1,000 Garratt-type articulated locomotives exported from Manchester to all corners of the world. They gave reliable service in some of the most remote places on Earth.|
|BAE Systems, Warton Aerodrome, Preston. PR4 1AX||The only all-British fully supersonic fighter aircraft type. In frontline service with the RAF 1960–1988, a record for a fighter jet.|
|Anson Engine Museum, Anson Road, Poynton, Cheshire. SK12 1TD||One of the pair of JCB444-LSR engines that powered the JCB Dieselmax Car to a speed of 350.092 mph at the Bonneville Salt Flats on 23 August 2006. Presented in recognition of its success in setting the FIA international record for diesel-powered cars.|
|The Crossness Engines Trust, The Old Works, Crossness Sewage Treatment Works, Belvedere Road, Abbey Wood, London. SE2 9AQ||Presented for its work on the restoration of the 1865 Engine House and the James Watt Rotative Beam Engines, which, with the pumps, were a key part of Joseph Bazalgette’s sewage system that rid London of cholera and typhoid.|
|Bletchley Park, Milton Keynes. MK3 6ED||Rebuilt in 2007 using the original blueprints. An electromechanical device designed by A Turing, G Welchman and H Keen, used in cracking the German Enigma code during the Second World War. The 200 Bombes built by the British Tabulating Machine Company played a pivotal role in winning the war.|
|Perkins Heritage Center, Perkins Engines, Frank Perkins Way, Peterborough. PE1 5NA||Perkins Wolf. Designer: CW Chapman. The first high speed diesel engine. The Wolf with its patented Perkins Aeroflow combustion system could run at 3,000rpm and was available for light truck and passenger car conversions from 1933. The success of Perkins Engines was founded upon this engine.|
|National Railway Museum, Leeman Road, York. YO26 4XJ||Tornado – A1 Pacific Locomotive. Designer: AH Peppercorn. Completed in 2008 using a blend of traditional and modern engineering skills, Tornado is the first mainline steam locomotive to be built in this country since 1960. The A1 Pacifics were the last LNER express passenger design, able to run 118,000 miles between repairs. None were preserved at the end of steam.|
|The Science Museum, Exhibition Road, South Kensington, London. SW7 2DD|
In recognition of James Watt’s improvements to the steam engine. ‘Old Bess’ was built by Boulton and Watt in 1777 and used to power their Soho Manufactory until 1848. This engine was the precursor of much of the power-generating plant on show in the Museum and is the oldest surviving of Watt’s engines.
|Royal Air Force, Coningsby, Lincolnshire. LN4 4SY||The Avro Lancaster, Hawker Hurricanes and Supermarine Spitfires of this Flight are a tribute to the airmen who lost their lives in the service of this country and an inspiration to all.|
|Kempton Park Water Treatment Works, Snakey Lane, Hanworth, Middlesex TW13 6XH||Designed by the Metropolitan Water Board under the direction of Henry Stilgoe. These two triple expansion engines were manufactured by Worthington-Simpson at Newark-on-Trent and commissioned in 1928. They provided clean water to the people of London for 50 years.
Engine No. 6 (known as The William Prescott) is the largest working steam engine in the World.
|Internal Fire – Museum of Power, Castell Pridd, Tanygroes, Ceredigion. SA43 2JS||Powered by the Bristol Siddeley Proteus engine and conceived by A N Irens, this 3MW unit was commissioned in 1959. It pioneered the concept of unmanned power stations and the use of lightweight gas turbines for power generation. This is the only operational set on public display in the world.|
|Ricardo, Shoreham Technical Centre, Shoreham by Sea, West Sussex. BN4 5FG||This four-stroke stratified charge engine, designed by Sir Harry Ricardo at the age of 17, was built in 1903 and used for pumping water at his family home. Its success encouraged Sir Harry to a lifetime of engine design and development. President of the IMechE in 1944, his thoughts and inventions still contribute to the success of Ricardo today.|
|Sheffield Park Station, East Sussex. TN22 3QL||The first preserved standard gauge passenger railway in Great Britain, running its first train in August 1960. The Bluebell Railway has impressive workshop facilities and is committed to preserving and developing the rolling stock, infrastructure, skills and atmosphere of a working steam railway.|
|Claymills Victorian Pumping Station, Meadow Lane, Stretton, Burton on Trent, Staffordshire. DE13 0DA||Awarded to the Claymills Pumping Engines Trust for their restoration of Britain's most complete example of a Victorian sewage pumping station. From 1885 to 1971 this site dealt with the effluent from Burton upon Trent's brewing industry. Among its many treasures is the oldest working steam driven dynamo in the country.|
|Queen Street Mill Textile Museum, Queen Street, Harle Syke, Burnley, Lancashire. BB10 2HX|
This horizontal tandem compound condensing engine was built by W Roberts and Sons of Nelson in 1894 and powered the mill until Queen Street Manufacturing Company closed down in 1982. Now 'Peace' is preserved and can be seen working in her original location.
|HMS Belfast, Morgan's Lane, Tooley Street, London. SE1 2JH|
Launched in 1938 at Harland & Wolff, the only surviving major Royal navy warship from WWII. Four 20,000 hp steam turbines, a speed of 32 knots, twelve 6 inch guns and displacing 11,500 tons; HMS Belfast’s success in battle is a tribute to her sound design and the skill and courage of her crew.
|Quarry Bank Mill and Styal Estate, Styal, Wilmslow, Cheshire. SK9 4LA|
Quarry Bank Mill is a site of educational importance, providing a link for the children of today with children of a bygone era.
|Bursledon Brickworks Industrial Museum, Swanwick Lane, Swanwick. SO31 7GW|
Brick making machinery such as this was key to the expansion of our towns and cities.
|Royal Navy Submarine Museum, Haslar Jetty Road, Gosport, Hampshire. PO12 2AS|
Built by Vickers Maxim at Barrow-in-Furness and launched in 1901, this pioneer submarine was powered by a 160 hp petrol engine and had a surface speed of 8 knots. A 70 hp electric motor gave a submerged speed of 7 knots.
Holland 1 was the Royal navy's first operational submarine.
|The Royal Arsenal, Woolwich, London. SE18 6ST|
The Royal Arsenal produced much of the armaments required by this country during the growth of the British Empire and through two World Wars. Many important mechanical innovations were developed by the first Chief Mechanical Engineer, Sir John Anderson (1814–1886), Vice President of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers.
PS Waverley A & J Inglis Ltd – Glasgow
Built in 1946 for the London & North Eastern Railway, Waverley is the last seagoing paddle steamer in the world. She has a displacement of 693 tons and Rankin & Blackmore triple expansion steam engine producing 2100 ihp at 58 rpm. In acceptance trials she achieved a speed of 18 knots.
Avro Vulcan XH558
Designed by Roy Chadwick and Stuart Davies
The last airworthy representative of the RAF's V-bomber fleet, the British strategic deterrent from 1955 to 1969, the Vulcan is a stirring example of British leadership in aviation. XH558 was in service until 1993 and is powered by four Rolls-Royce Olympus engines.
Opened in 1866, the Talyllyn Railway is the oldest continuously operated narrow gauge railway in Britain. In 1951 it became the world's first volunteer operated preserved railway.
At 7.25 miles long and with a gauge of 2 feet and 3 inches, the Talyllyn Railway is an important part of Welsh industrial heritage.
Willans Works, Newbold Road, Rugby. CV21 2NHMoved in 2017 to the Internal Fire – Museum of Power in West Wales.
Central Valve Steam Engine
Built in 1901 at Rugby, this 140 hp three crank compound engine was in service for 57 years.
Willans engines ran at 350 to 500rpm and could be direct-coupled to generators. In 1892 they accounted for 68% of all electricity generated in Britain, dominating this market until the advent of steam turbines.
Designed by Malcolm Sayer under the direction of Sir William Lyons (HonFIMechE) the Jaguar E-type is a direct descendant of the cars which won five Le Mans 24 hour races during the 1950s.
It introduced breakthrough motor engineering technology such as the combined monocoque-spaceframe which in later years was adopted by Formula one.
Boulton and Watt Engine
The oldest rotative steam engine in the world.
Built in 1785, it powered Whitbread's London Brewery until 1887. James Watt demonstrated this engine to King George III when he visited the brewery in 1787.
This engine marks the start of mass industrialisation and the exponential increase in our use of fossil fuel.
20 December 2011
The Humphrey Pump
H A Humphrey MIMechE
A four-stroke engine with no pistons or crankshaft, Humphrey's ingenious invention patented in 1906 acts directly upon the water it pumps.
This gas-fuelled example, built by William Beardmore & Co., served Cobdogla from 1927 to 1965.
Restored in 1985, it is the only working Humphrey Pump in the world.
20 December 2011
The oldest surviving steam locomotive in Australia
Built by Robert Stephenson & Co. in 1854, this is the only locomotive designed by James McConnell, one of the founders of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, to have been preserved.
Locomotive No.1 symbolises the transformation of social, industrial and commercial life in New South Wales through British railway technology.
20 December 2011
The world's oldest iron kit-built ship.
Designed by James Watt & Co and built in 1862 by the Thames Ironworks & Shipbuilding Co, she was assembled on the shores of Lake Titicaca, Peru and launched in 1870.
Now powered by a 1914 4-cylinder Bolinder hot bulb semi-diesel engine producing 320 bhp at 225rpm, MS Yavari is an enduring symbol of the ingenuity and global reach of British engineering.
14 March 2012
Clydebank Titan Crane
Sir William Arrol & Co
Built in 1907 for John Brown's shipyard, the Titan Crane is the oldest of its type in the world.
With a lifting capacity of 200 tons, Titan was instrumental in the prosperity of the shipyard and Clydebank's rich shipbuilding heritage.
This giant cantilever crane dominates the local landscape, inspiring all who visit it.
5 July 2012
The Falkirk Wheel
Opened by Queen Elizabeth II in 2002, this is the world's only fully rotating boatlift.
A sublime fusion of ancient mechanical engineering principles with cutting edge design and technology, The Falkirk Wheel serves the local community and adorns the landscape.
6 July 2012
Short SC1 Research Aircraft
Designer: David Keith-Jones FIMechE
In 1960 the SC1 became the first British fixed-wing aircraft to switch from vertical to horizontal flight and back again.
Using four Rolls-Royce RB108 engines for lift and one for forward propulsion, the SC1 advanced knowledge in control systems and the safe operation of VTOL aircraft.
4 October 2012
This magnificent horizontal-twin tandem triple-expansion engine powered all the cotton-spinning machines in the mill for 60 years.
Built by J&E Wood in 1907, the engine could produce 2,500 hp at 68rpm.
Today, it drives the mill's unique multi-floor rope race through the 70-ton flywheel.
Victoria and Alexandra
The Ellenroad Engine
The only working survivor of the great twin horizontal tandem compound steam engines that powered the largest Lancashire mills.
Built in 1892 as a triple-expansion engine by J&W McNaught of Rochdale and rebuilt in 1920 by Clayton, Goodfellow & Co of Blackburn.
Developing 3,000 hp at 200psi, it drove all 122,000 spindles at the Ellenroad Mill.
The Newcomen Engine
Black Country Living Museum
This is a full size working replica of the earliest documented steam engine. Built in 1986 using contemporary 18th Century engravings, inventories and descriptions, this engine marks the dawn of the Industrial Revolution.
The original engine was erected near Dudley in 1712. It was capable of pumping 170,000 gallons of water a day without recourse to wind, water or animal power.
This engine was restored to celebrate the Tercentenary.
Lion Locomotive Todd, Kitson & Laird of Leeds
Star of track and film, Lion is the oldest locomotive to have been steamed in Britain.
Lion was built in 1838 and worked for 20 years on the Liverpool & Manchester Railway before being sold to Mersey Docks & Harbour Board as a stationary pumping engine.
Rescued in 1927, this 0-4-2 represents the typical British locomotive of her era.
Balancing supply with fluctuating demand.
Transforming electrical energy to potential energy and back again, Cruachan is the world's first high-head reversible pumped-storage power station.
Opened by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in 1965, Cruachan can generate over 440MW of electricity during peak demand or use surplus electricity to pump water to the reservoir 300 meters above.
The World's Fastest Steam Locomotive
Designed for speed by Sir Nigel Gresley, Past President of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers.
Mallard was built in Doncaster in 1938 and was the first A4 Pacific to have a Kylchap double chimney, reducing exhaust back pressure and increasing power output at high speeds.
It attained 126 mph descending Stoke Bank on 3 July 1938.
King Edward Mine Mill
Training Generations of Mining Engineers
Opened by the Camborne School of Mines in 1904 this, the oldest complete Cornish tin mill, marked a major change in tin concentration processes and technology.
Restored to working condition, the mill continues to demonstrate to visitors how mined ore is treated to produce finished tin concentrate.
17 May 2013
Advanced Passenger Train – Experimental
British Rail – Derby
The world's first self-propelled active tilting train and the first to use computer designed wheelsets and active suspension to eliminate hunting.
Powered by ten 350 hp British Leyland gas turbines the APT-E set the British speed record for non-electric traction of 152.3 mph in 1975.
Design principles of tilting trains in use today can be traced back to the APT-E.
24 May 2013
Volk’s Electric Railway Brighton
The world’s oldest operating electric railway opened 4 August 1883
Constructed by pioneering electrical engineer Magnus Volk, the line still follows much of the original route.
Continued operation of this railway is a tribute to his life and work.
Lacey Green Windmill
The oldest surviving Smock Windmill in the United Kingdom with wooden machinery dating from around 1650.
Restored from dereliction to working order between 1971 and 1986 by volunteer members of The Chiltern Society.
SR.N5 Hovercraft A new way of travelling.
Built in 1963 and powered by a 900-horsepower Bristol Siddeley Gnome gas turbine, Saunders Roe Nautical 5 was the first production hovercraft in the world.
This particular craft was used to demonstrate SR.N5 worldwide and train all the pilots for the Inter-Service Hovercraft Trials Unit based at Lee-on-Solent.
This is the last example in the world.
LNWR 'Coal Tank' No. 1054
Designed by Francis Webb
Built in Crewe Works by the London & North Western railway in 1888 this 0-6-2T steam locomotive was not withdrawn until 1958, having travelled over one million miles in 70 years of public service.
With its preservation in 1960 it became a pioneer of today's heritage railway movement.
19 October 2013
Little Willie William Foster & Co
Designed by William Tritton and Walter Wilson, Little Willie, originally the No. 1 Lincoln Machine, was built in 1915. It subsequently introduced a new design of caterpillar track able to cope with the rigours of the Western Front.
This machine pioneered the combination of armour, firepower and mobility that led to the modern tank.
13 December 2013
Papplewick Pumping Station
A fine example of a Victorian fresh water pumping station.
Drawing from a 200 feet deep well, the two James Watt & Co rotative beam engines could supply Nottingham with three million gallons of clean water per day.
Built by Marriott Ogle Tarbotton and completed in 1884, it was in constant operation until 1969.
21 December 2013
6-inch Armstrong Disappearing Gun
Taiaroa Head, New Zealand
Guarding Otago Harbour, this breech loading gun was operational from 1889 to 1919 and pressed into service again from 1941 to 1943. Mounted on a hydro-pneumatic carriage it could fire a 100 lb shell out to 8000 yards.
It was restored to working order by volunteers from the Antique Arms Association and Otago Peninsula Trust.
24 January 2014
The Smethwick Engine Boulton & Watt
The World’s Oldest Working Steam Engine. Designed by James Watt, the Smethwick Engine was erected in 1779 and pumped water at Smethwick Locks until 1891. It contains many original parts, including the main timber beam, and was the first engine to use the expansive power of steam.
14 February 2014
REPCO Brabham BT19 Racing Car
Sir Jack Brabham AO OBE Ron Tauranac AO & Phil Irving OBE
Winner of the 1966 Formula One Drivers' and Constructors' Championships, to date the only car to do so bearing the same constructor's and driver's name.
The BT19 with its 310 bhp REPCO V8 engine was a novel, effective, reliable race car that gave Jack Brabham his 3rd Formula One championship.
16 March 2014
Anderton Boat Lift
The world's oldest operational boat lift
Designed by Edwin Clark and opened in 1875 to raise boats 50 feet from the River Weaver to the Trent & Mersey Canal using hydraulic power.
Later converted to electric drive, it was restored to hydraulic power in 2002 and continues to provide a navigable link between the two waterways.
21 March 2014
Concorde BAC – Aerospatiale
Powered by four Rolls-Royce Olympus engines with afterburners, this was the first supersonic transport to enter service and pioneered the use of fly-by-wire in an airliner.
Concorde 101 G-AXDN is the British pre-production version. She reached Mach 2.23 (1,450 mph) in April 1974 and holds the speed record for the fleet.
30 April 2014
Paddle Steamer Kingswear Castle Britain's Last Operational Coal-Fired Paddle Steamer
Built in 1924 by Philip & Son of Dartmouth, Kingswear Castle is powered by a Cox & Co compound diagonal steam engine.
The engine, built in Falmouth in 1904, is from an earlier vessel of the same name and drives a pair of paddle wheels, ten feet in diameter, propelling Kingswear Castle at eight knots.
20 May 2014
Rover Safety Bicycle A Travel Revolution
Recognised as the first modern bicycle, its design is still followed today.
The low riding position and chain-driven rear wheel allowed this bicycle to be enjoyed by all. It also played a role in the liberation of women.
Designed by John Kemp Starley and produced in Coventry in 1888.
12 September 2014
The Lynton and Lynmouth Cliff Railway The Oldest Water-Powered Total-Loss Funicular Railway in the UK
Designed by George Marks, it has been in continuous operation since 1890. Using the potential energy of water from the West Lyn river and incorporating innovations such as a 'Dead Man's Handle' and fail-safe braking, the railway continues to benefit the local economy.
18 September 2014
Westland Lynx Record-Breaking Helicopter
G-LYNX, a modified Westland Lynx helicopter powered by 1,2000shp Rolls-Royce Gem 60 engines driving composite rotor blades and a titanium semi-rigid main rotor head. It broke the Helicopter World Speed Record on 11 August 1986 when it reached 249.09 mph over the Somerset Levels.
25 September 2014
The Old Furnace, Coalbrookdale
This award recognises not only the work of those early pioneers like Darby and the people at the Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust who have so ably kept the early days of the industrial revolution alive, but also the engineering spirit of innovation and progress.
9 October 2014
Woolf Double Beam Compound Engine
Designed in New Zealand by William Errington and manufactured by John Key & Sons in Kirkcaldy, Scotland.
This magnificent engine was commissioned in 1877 and provided Auckland with water for the next fifty years.
It was restored to working order in 2008.
29 January 2015
W.2/700 Turbojet Engine Power Jets Ltd
Sir Frank Whittle's turbojet engine is the predecessor of almost every gas turbine in the world today. This example was built in 1943 at Whetstone and had a thrust of 2000lb.
The vision, perseverance and achievements of Sir Frank changed air travel and with it the world.
8 May 2015
The Rev. Robert Stirling was granted a patent for his innovative engine in 1816.
This model was presented in 1827 to the University of Glasgow by Stirling and used by William Thompson, later Lord Kelvin, in his pioneering teaching and research into the fundamentals of thermodynamics.
7 December 2015
Sumburgh Head Lighthouse Foghorn
Powered by three Kelvin K Series diesel engines driving Alley & MacLellen compressors, the Foghorn sounded its seven-second blast every 90 seconds in poor visibility.
Protecting those in peril on the sea from 1906 to 1987, the restored horn blasted once again on 15 January 2015.
30 September 2016
Built by Easton, Amos & Sons of London in 1861.
This is believed to be the oldest working centrifugal pump in the UK still in its original location.
Appold's use of curved vanes gave a marked increase in pump efficiency.
2 October 2016
The oldest and largest operational fleet of narrow gauge steam locomotives in the world.
Designed by Sharp, Stewart & Co of Manchester, these locomotives have served the local population since 1889.
19 October 2016
St. Donat's Castle, Llantwit Major, South Glamorgan, CF61 1WF
UWC Atlantic College
X Alpha Rigid Inflatable Boat
The Rigid-Hulled Inflatable Boat (RIB) design developed at UWC Atlantic College in South Wales is in service with numerous maritime rescue organisations and navies worldwide. The unique design combines a rigid hull with an inflatable tube, enabling both speed and stability at sea and safety alongside other vessels or those in the water. In 1963 Atlantic College became an Inshore Lifeboat Station for the Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI). The RIB was developed by Atlantic College staff and students starting in 1964 led by its Headmaster Rear-Admiral Desmond Hoare. Its RIB's provided rescue coverage for the college's sailing craft and for its RNLI Inshore Lifeboat Station. The Atlantic College RIB designs were rapidly adopted by the RNLI from which it developed its highly successful Atlantic 21 and other inshore lifeboat designs responsible for saving many thousands of lives. Numerous rescue services and navies around the world have adopted the UWC Atlantic College RIB design.
30 July 2017
Stretham Old Engine
The earliest, largest and most complete survivor of the Beam Engines and Scoop Wheels which kept the Fens drained.
This 60 hp double-acting rotative Beam Engine was built by the Butterley Company in 1831 and worked for more than one hundred years.
24 September 2017
The oldest and largest surviving William Armstrong water wheel in the world designed and manufactured by the famous Tyneside engineer at his Elswick Works.
The wheel, manufactured around 1860, is 33’ 8” (over 10 metres) in diameter and was brought to Killhope in 1877.
29 September 2017
The Dartmouth Engine
Invented by the Dartmouth engineer Thomas Newcomen, the Atmospheric Engine was the first practical steam engine. Dating from around 1760 this example is probably the world’s oldest surviving.
It worked near Coventry until 1913. Three hundred years after Newcomen’s birth, it was re-erected here in his hometown.
21 October 2017
Lady Victoria Colliery
The most complete example of a large 19th century coal mine in the UK. When production commenced in 1895 The Lady had the deepest, largest diameter shaft and most powerful winding engine in the Scottish coalfields.
At her peak a labour force of 1,765 produced 2,000 tons of coal per day.
6 November 2017
The Edinburgh Modular Arm System.
The World’s first Bionic Arm to incorporate a powered shoulder, elbow, wrist and fingers.
The EMAS was fitted to a volunteer in 1998 who used it successfully for 18 months, paving the way for developments in prosthetics that improve lives to this day.
22 November 2017
Jesse Shirley's Bone and Flint Mill
The only remaining operational steam driven Potters' Mill in the world.
This site encompasses the whole manufacturing process for producing ground flint and bone for use by the pottery industry.
The mill was in operation from 1857 to 1972.
02 December 2017
The Daniel Adamson
The last operational coal-fired tug tender in the UK.
Launched from Birkenhead in 1903 the Danny spent the next eighty years working on the Mersey and the Manchester Ship Canal.
Her two Liverpool built steam engines and twin screws gave high manoeuvrability and power needed for work on the canal.
20 December 2017
George Dowty Internally Sprung Undercarriage Wheel
Patented by George Dowty in 1929 and first used on the Kawasaki KDA5 in 1931.
From this initial order Dowty was able to establish and expand the Dowty Group.
His legacy continues to this day with Safran Landing Systems, a world leader in aircraft landing gear.
08 March 2018
Worth Mackenzie Triple Expansion Engine
Built in Stockton-on-Tees in 1895, this engine supplied the City of Hereford with water from the River Wye for over fifty years.
Capable of pumping 4.5 million litres of water a day, it is the oldest working engine of its type in Great Britain.
18 March 2018
de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito
Designed and built at Salisbury Hall in 1940, W4050 was the first prototype of the DH.98 Mosquito.
With a lightweight structure of Spruce, Balsa and Birch Plywood,
the Mosquito’s clean aerodynamic design and twin Rolls Royce Merlin engines gave it superlative performance.
01 April 2018
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