Indian Engineering Services

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The Engineering Services Examination is conducted annually to select officers for the engineering services that meet the technical and managerial functions in various fields of engineering of the Government of India. As in most countries, the Government of India recruits its civil servants and officials on the basis of merit, and middle management positions in the bureaucracy are filled through competitive exams. Many candidates take these exams, competing for limited posts. IES officers are selected by the union government on the recommendations made by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). A combined three-stage competitive examination (Prelims, Mains, and Personality test), called the Engineering Services Examination (ESE), is conducted by the UPSC for recruitment to the Indian Engineering Services.[1]

The ESE is considered[according to whom?] to be one of the toughest examinations in India due to its technical nature and few posts with a selection ratio of 0.001 (based on 2018 statistics), which means one person gets selected out of every 1000.[clarification needed][awkward] Many of the officers of this service are from all over India state government colleges and third tier of colleges.[2][3][4] IES officers are mandated to manage and execute activities in diverse technical and managerial fields.

Government spending comprises more than 15 percent of India's GDP and given the extent of tasks and functions managed by the public sector, this extends to a fairly broad segment of the economy covering the railways, roads, defence, manufacturing, inspection, supply, construction, public works, power, telecommunications, etc.[5][6] All appointments to the Group A services are made by the President of India.[7]

Civil engineering[edit]

Mechanical engineering[edit]

Electrical engineering[edit]

Electronics and Telecommunication engineering[edit]

Functions of officers[edit]

The nature of work performed by these bureaucrats largely depends on their engineering branch and the service or cadre they are members of. However, they can move to any cadre, organisation, agency, department, ministry or PSU of the Government of India. They are appointed in the posts analogous to their present one, either on deputation basis of a fixed tenure (at least 5 years and extensible) after which the officer returns to their parent cadre, or on an absorption basis[clarification needed] where the official leaves the parent cadre and is absorbed permanently into the new cadre.[8][9]



The candidate must be one of the following:

Educational qualifications[edit]

At the minimum, a bachelor's degree in Engineering (B.E./B. Tech) from a recognised university or equivalent is required. An M.Sc. degree or its equivalent with Wireless Communications, Electronics, Radio Physics or Radio Engineering as special subjects is also acceptable for certain services/posts.[10]

Age limits[edit]

21–30 years on 1 January of the year of the Engineering Services Examination.[10]

The upper age limit relaxation is provided to candidates as follows:

  • A maximum of three years for OBC candidates (Non Creamy Layer only)[clarification needed]
  • A maximum of four years in case of Defence Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof
  • A maximum of five years for candidates belonging to a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe
  • A maximum of five years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from 1 January 1980 to 31 December 1989
  • A maximum of five years in case of ex-servicemen including commissioned officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years military service as on 1 August.
  • A maximum of five years in case of candidate is already working in capacity of a permanent post under Central Govt. Engineering Department.



Candidates are required to apply online using UPSC's official website.

Application fee[edit]

The application fee of the online form for general category male candidates is ₹200, while no fee is required by female and reserved category applicants.

Test centres[edit]

The test is conducted in first week of January for stage 1. Stage 2 is conducted in June and July every year at centres across India.

Plan of examination[edit]

Based on the recommendations of expert committees formed by the Union Public Service Commission, the Government of India has conveyed its approval to the following structural changes in the scheme and syllabi of the Engineering Services Examination to be implemented from the year 2017 onwards.

Revised scheme of examination
Stage-I: Engineering Services (Preliminary / Stage-I)

Examination (Objective Type Papers)


(common for all candidates)

General Studies and Engineering Aptitude Paper 2 hours duration

200 marks (max.)

Paper-II Engineering Discipline-Specific Paper 3 hours duration

300 Marks (max.)

Stage-I Sub-total 500 marks (max.)
Minimum qualifying marks for each paper are at the discretion of the Commission.

Only those candidates qualifying at this stage are permitted to appear for Stage-II examination.

Stage-II Engineering Services (Main / Stage-II))

Examination (conventional type papers)

Paper-I Engineering Discipline-Specific Paper-I 3 hours duration

300 Marks (max.)

Paper-II Engineering Discipline-Specific Paper-II 3 hours duration

300 marks (max.)

Stage-II Sub-total 600 marks (max.)
Stage-I + Stage-II Sub-total 1100 marks (max.)
Only those candidates qualifying at this stage (i.e. Stage-I + Stage-II) are permitted to appear for Stage-III examination.
Stage-III: Personality Test 200 marks (max.)
Stage-I + Stage-II +


Total 1300 marks (max.)
Only those candidates qualifying at this Stage (i.e. Stage I + Stage II + Stage III) are included in the Final Merit List of Engineering Services Exam.

Thus the marks secured by the candidates in the Stage-I (objective type papers) of the Engineering Services Examination should be added to the marks secured in the Stage-II (conventional type papers) of the examination and Stage-III (personality test) and accordingly, such marks secured by the candidates in Stage-I should also be counted for merit.

Personality Test[edit]

This is the final stage; candidates who pass the written exam are called for an interview. Officially called the "Personality Test", the object of the interview is to assess the suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a board of competent and unbiased observers. The test is intended to judge the mental caliber of a candidate. In broad terms this is an assessment of not only his or her intellectual qualities but also social traits and interest in current affairs. Some of the qualities judged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, and intellectual and moral integrity.

The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination but of a natural though directed and purposed conversation.

The interview test is not intended to test either the specialized or general knowledge of the candidates which has been already tested through their written papers. Candidates are expected to have taken an interest not only in their special subjects of academic study but also in the events happening around them both within and outside their own state or country as well as in modern currents of thought and in new discoveries.

These four stages ensure that the candidates selected are best suited to handle the responsibilities which will be entrusted to them. The selected candidates then undergo training at the institutes of their respective cadres that acquaints them with the area of work, the cadre or service they are engaged in.

Notable officers[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "702 candidates clear Indian Engg Services exam | Business Standard News". 28 February 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  2. ^ "'Civil services, IES have large contingent from IIT-Delhi'". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  3. ^ "IDSE". Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  4. ^
  5. ^ Indian Engineering Services
  6. ^ "IES opens new avenues for young engineers - Tirupati". The Hindu. 26 July 2010. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  7. ^ "CCS (CCA) Rules". Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Welcome to". UPSC. 15 September 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Central Staffing Scheme 2008-List of Services". Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  10. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-05.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ a b "The Tribune - Windows - Main Feature". 18 November 2000. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  12. ^ "How India missed another Nobel Prize - India News". 12 October 2009. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  13. ^ "First Indian group to scale Mt Everest feted | Zee News". 9 April 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  14. ^ "Youngest and first: Indian Everest conquerors meet - India News". Retrieved 1 December 2016.
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  16. ^ "Ashwani Lohani in Limca Book | india". Hindustan Times. 22 April 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
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