Indian Engineering Services

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Engineering Services Examination is conducted annually for selection of officers for the civil services that meet the technical and managerial functions in various fields of Engineering of the Government of India. Like in most countries, the Government of India recruits its civil servants and officials on the basis of merit, and middle management positions in the bureaucracy are filled through competitive exams. Many candidates take these exams, competing for limited posts. IES officers are selected by the union government on the recommendations made by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). A combined three-stage competitive examination (comprising five tests), called the Engineering Services Examination (ESE), is conducted by the UPSC for recruitment to the Indian Engineering Services.[1]

In 2015, a total of 434 candidates were recommended through ESE, with the least selection ratio ever. In 2010, a total of 157,649 candidates applied for 434 vacancies (including all branches and cadres).[2][3] In 2011, a total of 693 candidates were recommended for appointments in these four lists including 317 General, 209 Other Backward Classes, 113 Scheduled Castes and 54 Scheduled Tribes (including 44 candidates belonging to the Physically Handicapped category).[4] ESE 2012 was conducted for the recruitment of candidates to as many as 560 posts, which included 47 vacancies available only for the PH (physically handicapped) category.[5] ESE 2013 was conducted for the recruitment of candidates to as many as 763 posts, which also included 19 vacancies available only for the PH (physically handicapped) category.[6]

ESE is therefore considered as one of the toughest examinations in India due to fewer posts with a selection ratio of 0.00275 (based on 2010 statistics) and due to its technical nature. Most IES officers are graduates of premier colleges like IITs, NITs [7][8] and Indian Institute of Science.[9] Owing to highly competitive selection procedure, IES officers carry high respect and status and are mandated to manage and execute activities in diverse technical and managerial fields.

Government spending comprises more than 15 percent of India's GDP and given the extent of tasks and functions managed by the public sector, this extends to a fairly broad segment of the economy covering the railways, roads, defence, manufacturing, inspection, supply, construction, public works, power, telecommunications, etc.[10][11] All appointments to the Group A services are made by the President of India.[12]

Civil engineering[edit]

Mechanical engineering[edit]

  • Indian Naval Material Management Service (INMMS)
  • Border Roads Engineering Service (Border Roads Organisation)
  • Central Electrical & Mechanical Engineering Service (Central Public Works Department)
  • Central Engineering Service (Ministry of Road Transport & Highways)
  • Central Power Engineering Service (Central Electricity Authority)
  • Central Water Engineering Service (Central Water Commission)
  • Corps of Electronics and Mechanical Engineers (EME), Indian Army
  • Defence Aeronautical Quality Assurance Service
  • Indian Defence Service of Engineers (Military Engineer Services)
  • Indian Inspection Service (Directorate General of Supply and Disposals
  • Indian Naval Armament Service (Directorate of Naval Armament)
  • Indian Naval Stores Service (Indian Navy)
  • Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)
  • Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers
  • Indian Railway Stores Service
  • Indian Supply Service (Directorate General of Supply and Disposals)
  • Geological Survey of India
  • Indian Skill Development Services

Electrical engineering[edit]

Electronics & telecommunication engineering[edit]

Functions of officers[edit]

The nature of work performed by these bureaucrats largely depends on their engineering branch and the service or cadre they are recruited in. However, they can move to any cadre, organisation, agency, department, ministry or PSU of the Government of India. They are appointed in the posts analogous to their present one, either on deputation basis which is of a fixed tenure (at least 5 years and extensible) after which the officer returns to their parent cadre or on absorption basis where the official leaves the parent cadre and is "absorbed" permanently into the new cadre.[6][13]



The candidate must be one of the following:

Educational qualifications[edit]

At least a bachelor's degree in Engineering (B.E. / B. Tech) from a recognised university or equivalent. M.Sc. degree or its equivalent with Wireless Communications, Electronics, Radio Physics or Radio Engineering as special subjects also acceptable for certain services / posts only.[14]

Age limits[edit]

21–30 years on 1 August of the year of Engineering Services Examination.[14]

The upper age limit relaxation is provided to candidates as follows:

  • A maximum of three years for OBC candidates [Non Creamy Layer only]
  • A maximum of four years in case of Defence Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof
  • A maximum of five years for candidates belonging to a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe
  • A maximum of five years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from 1 January 1980 to 31 December 1989
  • A maximum of five years in case of ex-servicemen including commissioned officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years military service as on 1 August.



Candidates are required to apply online only, using UPSC's official website.

Application fee[edit]

The application fee of the online form for General category male candidates is ₹200, while no fee is required by female and reserved category applicants.

Test centres[edit]

The test is conducted in June every year at centres across India, namely: Agartala, Ahmedabad, Aizawl, Aligarh, Allahabad, Bangalore, Bareilly, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Chennai, Cuttack, Dehradun, Delhi, Dharwad, Dispur, Gangtok, Hyderabad, Imphal, Itanagar, Jaipur, Jammu, Jorhat, Kochi, Kohima, Kolkata, Lucknow, Madurai, Mumbai, Nagpur, Panaji (Goa), Patna, Port Blair, Raipur, Ranchi, Sambalpur, Shillong, Shimla, Srinagar, Thiruvananthapuram, Tirupati, Udaipur and Visakhapatnam.

Plan of examination[edit]

Based on the recommendations of expert committees formed by the Union Public Service Commission, the Government of India has conveyed its approval to the following structural changes in the scheme and syllabi of the Engineering Services Examination to be implemented from the year 2017 onwards.

Revised scheme of examination
Stage-I: Engineering Services (Preliminary / Stage-I)

Examination (Objective Type Papers)


(common for all candidates)

General Studies and Engineering Aptitude Paper 2 hours duration

200 marks (max.)

Paper-II Engineering Discipline-Specific Paper 3 hours duration

300 Marks (max.)

Stage-I Sub-total 500 marks (max.)
Minimum qualifying marks for each paper are at the discretion of the Commission.

Only those candidates qualifying at this stage are permitted to appear for Stage-II examination.

Stage-II Engineering Services (Main / Stage-II))

Examination (conventional type papers)

Paper-I Engineering Discipline-Specific Paper-I 3 hours duration

300 Marks (max.)

Paper-II Engineering Discipline-Specific Paper-II 3 hours duration

300 marks (max.)

Stage-II Sub-total 600 marks (max.)
Stage-I + Stage-II Sub-total 1100 marks (max.)
Only those candidates qualifying at this stage (i.e. Stage-I + Stage-II) are permitted to appear for Stage-III examination.
Stage-III: Personality Test 200 marks (max.)
Stage-I + Stage-II +


Total 1300 marks (max.)
Only those candidates qualifying at this Stage (i.e. Stage I + Stage II + Stage III) are included in the Final Merit List of Engineering Services Exam.

Thus the marks secured by the candidates in the Stage-I (objective type papers) of the Engineering Services Examination should be added to the marks secured in the Stage-II (conventional type papers) of the examination and Stage-III (personality test) and accordingly, such marks secured by the candidates in Stage-I should also be counted for merit.

Personality Test[edit]

This is the final stage; candidates who qualify the written exam are called for the interview, which carries 200 marks. Officially called "Personality Test", the object of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a board of competent and unbiased observers. The test is intended to judge the mental caliber of a candidate. In broad terms this is an assessment of not only his intellectual qualities but also social traits and interest in current affairs. Some of the qualitiesjudged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, and intellectual and moral integrity.

The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination but of a natural, though directed and purposive conversation which is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate.

The interview test is not intended to be a test either of the specialized or general knowledge of the candidates which has been already tested through their written papers. Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in their special subjects of academic study but also in the events happening around them both within and outside their own state or country as well as in modern currents of thought and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of well educated youth.

These four stages ensure that the candidates selected are best suited to handle the responsibilities which will be entrusted to them. The selected candidates then undergo training at the institutes of their respective cadres that makes them acquainted with the area of work, the cadre or service they are engaged in.

Notable officers[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "702 candidates clear Indian Engg Services exam | Business Standard News". 2014-02-28. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
  3. ^
  4. ^ "UPSC Engineering Services Examination 2011 results announced : North, News - India Today". 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
  5. ^ "IES Exam 2012 - UPSC Engineering Services Examination 2012 online application details". Assam Journal. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
  6. ^ a b "Welcome to". UPSC. 2016-09-15. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
  7. ^ "'Civil services, IES have large contingent from IIT-Delhi'". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  8. ^ "IDSE". Retrieved 10 October 2014.
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  10. ^ Indian Engineering Services
  11. ^ "IES opens new avenues for young engineers - Tirupati". The Hindu. 2010-07-26. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
  12. ^ "CCS (CCA) Rules". Retrieved 2016-12-01.
  13. ^ "Central Staffing Scheme 2008-List of Services". Retrieved 2016-12-01.
  14. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-05.
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