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Engineering research seeks improvements in theory and practice in fields such as (for example) high-speed computation, bioengineering, earthquake prediction, power systems, nanotechnology and construction.
Major contributors to engineering research around the world include governments, private business, and academia.
The results of engineering research can emerge in journal articles, at academic conferences, and in the form of new products on the market.
Military-related research into science and technology has led to "dual-use" applications, with the adaptation of weaponry, communications and other defense systems to civilian use. Programmable digital computers and the Internet which connects them, the GPS satellite network, fiber-optic cable, radar and lasers provide examples.
- For example, the New Zealand Heavy Engineering Research Association (HERA) - http://www.hera.org.nz/Category?Action=View&Category_id=44
- "More than one-third of all engineering research comes from the Defense Department, and it is one of the largest supporters of research in electronics, computers, mathematics, aeronautics, material science, mechanics and the environmental sciences, especially oceanography." 
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