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Engis JPG01.jpg
Coat of arms of Engis
Coat of arms
Engis is located in Belgium
Location in Belgium
Location of Engis in the province of Liège
Engis Liège Belgium Map.png
Coordinates: 50°35′N 05°25′E / 50.583°N 5.417°E / 50.583; 5.417Coordinates: 50°35′N 05°25′E / 50.583°N 5.417°E / 50.583; 5.417
CommunityFrench Community
 • MayorSerge Manzato (PS)
 • Governing party/iesPS
 • Total27.74 km2 (10.71 sq mi)
 • Total6,122
 • Density220/km2 (570/sq mi)
Postal codes
Area codes04

Engis is a Walloon municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège. On January 1, 2006, Engis had a total population of 5,686. The total area is 27.74 km² which gives a population density of 205 inhabitants per km².

The municipality consists of the following sub-municipalities: Engis proper, Clermont-sous-Huy, Éhein-Bas, and Hermalle-sous-Huy.

In 1829, in this village, Philippe-Charles Schmerling discovered the first Neanderthal ever, Engis 2, the damaged skull of a young child. This was before the 1856 discovery of the Neanderthal type specimen in the Neander Valley. Its importance was not recognised until 1936.[2]

Pollution fatalities[edit]

In late 1930 and early 1931, several thousand cases of acute pulmonary attacks occurred in the Meuse valley, centered on Engis, and 60 people died. A commission of inquiry set up by the Belgian government concluded that the cause was poisonous waste gases, primarily sulfur dioxide, emitted by the many factories in the valley and the furnaces used by the population, in conjunction with unusual climatic conditions coupled with the unique topographic characteristics of the area.[3][4] Others have claimed that the deaths were the result acute fluorine intoxication.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Wettelijke Bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2018". Statbel. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Human Evolution, 2 Volume Set". Google Books. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
  3. ^ Mage, J., and Batta, G. Resultat de l'expertise judiciare sur la cause des accidents survenus dans la Vallee de la Meuse pendant les brouillards de decembre 1930. Chim. & Ind., 27, 145 E (1932).
  4. ^ Batta, G., Firket, J., and Leclerc, E.: Les problemes de pollution de l'atmosphere. G. Thone, Liege, 1933 (pp. 260-327).

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Engis at Wikimedia Commons