Englefield, Berkshire

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Englefield
St Mark's Church Englefield 2.JPG
St Mark's Church
Englefield is located in Berkshire
Englefield
Englefield
Englefield shown within Berkshire
Area 9.25 km2 (3.57 sq mi)
Population 286 (2011 census)[1]
• Density 31/km2 (80/sq mi)
OS grid reference SU6272
Civil parish
  • Englefield
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Thames Valley
Fire Royal Berkshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Berkshire
51°26′35″N 1°06′00″W / 51.443°N 1.1°W / 51.443; -1.1Coordinates: 51°26′35″N 1°06′00″W / 51.443°N 1.1°W / 51.443; -1.1

Englefield is a village and civil parish in the English county of Berkshire. The village is mostly within the bounds of the private walled estate of Englefield House. The village is in the district of West Berkshire, close to Reading.

Battle of Englefield[edit]

In 870, the village was the site of the Battle of Englefield. This was fought between the Anglo-Saxons, under Æthelwulf, Ealdorman of Berkshire, and the Danes, and resulted in a resounding victory for the Saxons. The battle was the first of a series in the winter of 870-1. The village may have been named after the battle, Englefield meaning "English field".

The place-name 'Englefield' is first attested in the Anglo Saxon Chronicle for 871, where it appears as Engla feld. It appears as Englefel in the Domesday Book of 1086, and as Englefeld in the Feet of Fines for 1196. The name indicates settlement by the Angles in Saxon territory.[2]

Englefield House[edit]

Englefield House was the home of the Englefield family, supposedly from the time of King Edgar and certainly until the Elizabethan era when the present building was erected. The house eventually passed to the Benyon family.

Village[edit]

In the late 19th century, Richard Fellowes Benyon rebuilt the villagers' houses as a model estate village and provided them with such amenities as a swimming pool, soup kitchen and a new school. Today the estate, owned by a family company, the Englefield Estate, covers some 20,000 acres (8,100 ha), and its farm is a beneficiary of European Union agricultural subsidies.[3] The village relies on and contributes to the amenities and organisations in Theale and Tilehurst as well as Reading which bound it to the south and east.

Demography[edit]

2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005[1]
Output area Homes owned outright Owned with a loan Socially rented Privately rented Other km² roads km² water km² domestic gardens Usual residents km²
Civil parish 14 8 9 65 28 0.147 0.109 0.124 286 9.25

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005
  2. ^ Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.167.
  3. ^ Robert Verkaik (27 February 2011). "Wealthy minister earns £2m subsidies in EU farm subsidies which his department tried to cover up". Daily Mail. Retrieved 27 February 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Englefield, Berkshire at Wikimedia Commons