Englefield House

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Englefield House
Englefield House - geograph.org.uk - 1824880.jpg
Englefield House
Englefield House is located in Berkshire
Englefield House
Location within Berkshire
General information
TypeStately home
Architectural styleElizabethan
LocationEnglefield, Berkshire, England
CountryEngland
Coordinates51°26′35″N 1°06′22″W / 51.4430°N 1.1060°W / 51.4430; -1.1060Coordinates: 51°26′35″N 1°06′22″W / 51.4430°N 1.1060°W / 51.4430; -1.1060
Construction started1558
OwnerBenyon family
Technical details
Floor count3
Floor area699.24
Website
Englefield Estate
Drawing of Englefield House, in Views of the Seats of Noblemen and Gentlemen in England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland by John Preston Neale (1824)

Englefield House is an Elizabethan country house with surrounding estate at Englefield in the English county of Berkshire, home to the Conservative MP Richard Benyon and his family. The gardens are open to the public all year round on particular weekdays and the house by appointment only for large groups.

Englefield House and its adjoining entrance courtyard are listed Grade II* on the National Heritage List for England, and the formal gardens and parkland are listed at Grade II on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.[1][2] The lodges, gateway, gates and flanking walls are also listed as a group at Grade II, as are the terrace walls to the southeast of the main house.[3][4]

History[edit]

The present house was erected before 1558.[5] There were substantial alterations by Thomas Hopper in the 1820s.[5]

Englefield House was the home of the Englefield family, supposedly from the time of King Edgar.[5] Sir Thomas Englefield was the Speaker of the House of Commons.[5] In 1559, the house was confiscated from Thomas Englefield's grandson, Sir Francis Englefield, a servant of the Catholic Queen Mary, for "consorting with [the] enemies" of the new Protestant monarch, Elizabeth I.[5][6]

Popular local tradition is that the Queen granted Englefield to her spymaster, Sir Francis Walsingham, although there is no evidence of this. After a succession of short-lived residents, the estate was eventually purchased by John Paulet, 5th Marquess of Winchester, famous for his Civil War defence of Basing House in Hampshire.[5] He retired to Englefield at the Restoration and is buried in the parish church. From his Paulet descendants, the house passed, through marriage, to the Benyon family.[5]

Numerous members of the Benyon family have also been members of parliament, including the current occupant of the main house of the estate, Richard Benyon. Recent descent has been: Lord Francis Paulet (d. 1696); Francis Paulet (d. 1712); Anne Paulet (d.1729); Powlett Wright the elder (d.1741); Powlett Wrighte the younger (d. 1779); Nathan Wrighte (d. 1789) (descendants of Sir Nathan Wright(e) (1654–1721), Lord Keeper of the Great Seal); Richard Benyon the younger (d. 1796); Richard Benyon De Beauvoir (d. 1854); Richard Fellowes Benyon (d. 1897); James Herbert Benyon (d. 1935); Sir Henry Benyon, Bt. (d. 1959); Vice-Admiral Richard Benyon (d. 1967) and Sir William Richard Benyon (d. 2014).

On 20 May 2017 the sister of the Duchess of Cambridge, Pippa Middleton, married financier James Matthews at St Mark's Church on the Englefield Estate. A reception was held at Englefield House shortly after the service. Guests included the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and their children, Prince George and Princess Charlotte of Cambridge.[7][8][9]

Family name changes[edit]

  • Richard Benyon to Richard Powlett-Wrighte in 1814 (and then to Richard Benyon De Beauvoir in 1822);
  • Richard Fellowes to Richard Fellowes Benyon in 1854;
  • James Herbert Fellowes, to James Herbert Benyon in 1897,
  • Richard Shelley, William Richard Shelley and Richard Henry Ronald Shelley to ... Benyon in 1964 and 1967.

Film and television[edit]

Englefield House has been the filming location for a number of movies, including X-Men: First Class, The King's Speech, and Great Expectations,[10] and The Go-Between, as well as for television series such as Black Mirror, episode Playtest,[11] Agatha Christie's Marple, Agatha Christie's Poirot episode "Taken at the Flood",[12] Hex[13] and the reality television series I Wanna Marry "Harry".[14] It was also used as Auradon Prep in the Disney TV show Descendants.

Estate[edit]

The country estate is owned by the Benyon family; which is headed by the Conservative MP Richard Benyon.[15] The estate includes most of the parish; it is owned by a family company, the Englefield Estate, covering some 20,000 acres (8,100 ha). [16] Its farm receives agricultural subsidies known as the Single Farm Payment, which all farms in the European Union can apply for under the Common Agricultural Policy.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historic England, "Englefield House and entrance courtyard adjoining to northeast (1289194)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 20 May 2017
  2. ^ Historic England, "Englefield House (1000583)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 20 May 2017
  3. ^ Historic England, "Englefield lodges, gateway, gates and flanking walls (1213401)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 20 May 2017
  4. ^ Historic England, "Terrace walls approximately 30 meters to south east of Englefield House (1213167)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 20 May 2017
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Ford, David Nash (2001). "Englefield House". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
  6. ^ The family later lived at Whiteknights Park in Earley and continued to be buried in Englefield parish church until 1822.
  7. ^ "Pippa Middleton marries James Matthews in Englefield". The Guardian.
  8. ^ Rozenberg-Clarke, J. "Pippa scores a title to rival Kate's". Yahoo7 Lifestyle. Retrieved 21 May 2017.
  9. ^ Nikkhah, Roya (22 May 2017). "Pippa Middleton wedding: Meghan Markle makes the party as kids catch spotlight". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  10. ^ Sally Bryant (22 November 2012). "Englefield House stars in Great Expectations". getreading. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
  11. ^ Episode #3.6, 1 January 2000, retrieved 25 October 2016
  12. ^ Eirik. "Investigating Agatha Christie's Poirot: Episode-by-episode: The Double Clue". investigatingpoirot.blogspot.ch. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  13. ^ "Hex (TV Series 2004–2005)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
  14. ^ Buckland, Danny (18 May 2014). "Controversial US show to marry-off 'Prince Harry' coming to British TV". Daily Express. London. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  15. ^ "Pippa Middleton's wedding: What can guests expect?". BBC News. 20 May 2017. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
  16. ^ "The thirty landowners who own half a county". Who owns England?.
  17. ^ Robert Verkaik (27 February 2011). "Wealthy minister earns £2m subsidies in EU farm subsidies which his department tried to cover up". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 27 February 2011.

External links[edit]