Englewood station (Chicago)

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Englewood
PRR E8A 5766 with the westbound Manhatten Limited + Golden Triangle at Englewood Union Station, Chicago, IL on April 21, 1965 (24254399614).jpg
PRR E8A 5766 with the westbound Manhattan Limited + Golden Triangle at Englewood Union Station, Chicago, IL on April 21, 1965
Location63rd Street and State Street
Chicago, Illinois
Coordinates41°46′47″N 87°37′37″W / 41.7797°N 87.6269°W / 41.7797; -87.6269Coordinates: 41°46′47″N 87°37′37″W / 41.7797°N 87.6269°W / 41.7797; -87.6269
Former services
Preceding station New York Central Railroad Following station
Chicago
Terminus
Main Line South Chicago
toward New York
Preceding station Pennsylvania Railroad Following station
Chicago
Terminus
Main Line Cottage Grove Avenue
Valparaiso Local State Line
toward Valparaiso
Chicago – Columbus Cottage Grove Avenue
toward Columbus
Chicago – Cincinnati Cottage Grove Avenue
toward Cincinnati
Chicago – Louisville Cottage Grove Avenue
toward Louisville
Preceding station Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad Following station
Washington Heights Main Line Chicago
Terminus
Preceding station New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad Following station
Chicago
Terminus
Nickel Plate District Hammond
toward Buffalo

Englewood Station or Englewood Union Station in Chicago, Illinois' south side Englewood neighborhood was a crucial junction and passenger depot for three railroads - the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, the New York Central Railroad, and the Pennsylvania Railroad - although it was for the eastbound streamliners of the latter two that the station was truly famous. Englewood Station also served passenger trains of the New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad (Nickel Plate), which operated over the New York Central via trackage rights.

History

The Rocky Mountain Rocket at Englewood in April, 1965

Englewood Station stood at the intersection of several rail lines:

The station itself stood near the corner of 63rd and State Streets.

Probably most famous for hosting the two most spectacular streamlined passenger trains, Englewood was the second stop eastbound, and pentultimate such westbound, for both PRR's Broadway Limited and NYC's 20th Century Limited. In fact, both would leave their respective terminals in Chicago, stop to embark passengers at Englewood, and leave the station simultaneously, each racing the other for several miles before they diverged.

No less important (although less famous) were the westbound Rockets of the Rock Island which stopped at Englewood. Connections could be made at Englewood between any of the railroads at that intersection.

Upon the decline of intercity passenger traffic, and PRR and NYC's merger into Penn Central (and that railroad's bankruptcy and reorganization into Conrail), much of the trackage has been removed, and the commuter trains on the Metra Rock Island District no longer stop at the station, which was closed in the late 1970s. The former tracks of the Pennsylvania are now owned by the Norfolk Southern Railway and still carry freight and intercity Amtrak passengers to Union Station. The station has for the most part disappeared, but some scattered remnants are visible around the railroad overpass near 63rd Street and State Street.

References

  • Welsh, Joseph (2002). Passenger Trains of Yesteryear-Chicago Eastbound. Kalmbach Publishing Company. ISBN 0-89024-602-5.

External links