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|Community Area 68 - Englewood|
The intersection of 63rd and Halsted, looking south. The Halsted 'L' station can be seen crossing Halsted in the distance. Kennedy-King College occupies the buildings on the left of the photo. The building on the right burned in 2014.
Location within the city of Chicago
|• Total||3.09 sq mi (8.00 km2)|
|• Density||9,900/sq mi (3,800/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP Codes||part of 60621|
|Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services|
Englewood is one of the 77 official community areas in Chicago, Illinois, United States. At its peak population in 1960, over 97,000 people lived in its approximately 3 square miles, but the neighborhood's population has since dropped dramatically. In 2000, it had a population of approximately 40,000 inhabitants, and the 2010 census indicated that its population has further declined to approximately 30,000. Englewood is bordered by Garfield Boulevard to the north, 75th Street to the south, Western Avenue to the west, and State Street to the east. It is located on the southwest side of Chicago, Illinois.
The original inhabitants of what is now Englewood were the Mascouten people.[disputed ] The land was swampy. In 1840, the United States Government Land Office in Chicago officially documented Englewood as habitable land. In the 1850s and 1860s, as Chicago was becoming a city of railroad tracks and economic prosperity, Englewood was just another supporting neighborhood. But in 1871, when the Great Chicago Fire destroyed a large portion of Chicago, residents moved to the outskirts. Englewood's railroad connections to downtown Chicago made it a convenient location, and the neighborhood's population grew rapidly. Englewood Station once served many railroad passengers; in 1889, over 1,000 trains would pass through Englewood every day.
Englewood was the home of Dr. H. H. Holmes, one of the first publicized serial murderers in America. His hotel at Wallace and 63rd streets was the scene of most of his crimes and earned it the sobriquet "Murder Castle".
The Englewood community was largely defined by the Englewood Shopping Center at 63rd & Halsted, a large pedestrian mall. The City, social services, and mall management worked with community leaders and groups to integrate the mall with the community. The goal was to make the mall a vital part of the community, and a central part of everyday life. It was the site of numerous community events, parades, outdoor concerts, live radio broadcasts and the like. This was spearheaded by the Englewood Business Men's Association and its director, Richard Drew. Mr. Drew died in 1978, and with his passing the Association lost its community focus. The Center subsequently lost its major anchor tenants, including Sears Roebuck, and became a collection of smaller merchants.
In 1999, Mayor Richard M. Daley announced a $256 million revitalization plan for the area. The keystone of the program is the relocation of Kennedy-King College to the former site of the Englewood Shopping Center. Shortly thereafter the city began an aggressive buyout and relocation program for mall merchants. The campus includes the Washburne Culinary Institute. Groundbreaking for the new, 40-acre (160,000 m2) campus occurred on November 9, 2005, and it opened in 2007.
The railroad junction at Englewood, where Metra (the former Rock Island) crosses Norfolk Southern (the former Pennsylvania) has long been a cause of delay. In March 2010 a $133 million reconstruction project was announced which will improve operations by replacing the diamond crossing between Metra and NS with an overpass for Metra. The project was completed in 2014.
Based on census data collected by the city of Chicago in 2008-2012, the poverty rate for Englewood is 46.6% of households below poverty and 28% of people 16 years of age and older are unemployed.
Englewood is "one of the most dangerous neighborhoods in the city by almost every metric." Plagued by crime, drugs, gang activity, and violence, it suffers from a number of serious problems plaguing poor inner-city communities across the United States. Englewood is known as one of the most crime-ridden areas in the city of Chicago. Per capita violent crime rates in the neighborhood are high by Chicago standards, and much higher than the national average. In 2015, the Chicago Police Department recorded 40 homicides in Englewood, one of the highest volumes of homicide rates in Chicago. Englewood is the worst neighborhood in the South Side of Chicago to many residents. Englewood has very long-standing issues with violent crime, property crime, and quality of life crime; in 2015, it was ranked 4th out of 77 Community areas in Chicago in violent crime, 5th among Chicago community areas in property crimes, and 6th out of 100 for quality of life crimes.
Chicago Public Schools operates public schools in the neighborhood. Paul Robeson High School is in Englewood. Englewood is home to Johnson College Prep, a Noble Network charter high school. Team Englewood Community Academy and Urban Prep Academies Englewood Campus is operated in the Englewood High School building. Englewood High School was opened in 1873, but closed due to poor performance in 2008.
In popular culture
- Jamie Foster Brown, magazine publisher, and her sister Stella Foster, who are both entertainment journalists
- Anthony Davis, basketball player for the New Orleans Pelicans
- Bina Deneen, first lady of Illinois (1905–1913)
- Charles Deneen, U.S. senator (1925–1931) and Illinois governor (1905–1913)
- Lil Durk, rapper
- Jennifer Hudson, singer and actress
- Richard Hunt, sculptor
- Benn Jordan, musician
- Chief Keef, rapper
- Young Chop, music producer
- Jabari Parker, basketball player for the Milwaukee Bucks
- Lil Reese, rapper
- Derrick Rose, basketball player for the New York Knicks
- Fredo Santana, rapper
- SD, rapper
- King Louie, rapper
- H.H. Holmes, serial killer
- Paral, Rob. "Chicago Demographics Data". Retrieved 21 September 2012.
- Paral, Rob. "Chicago Census Data". Retrieved 21 September 2012.
- "Chicago History Encyclopedia: Englewood".
- "Englewood by the Numbers". redeyechicago.com. 2011-07-15. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011.
- See H. H. Holmes
- "Brief History of Englewood". chicagoreporter.com. 2009-07-12.
- "Washburne Culinary Institute Homepage". Archived from the original on January 12, 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-02.
- "Mayor Daley, Community Leaders Break Ground For New Kennedy-King College Campus". Public Building Commission of Chicago. November 9, 2005. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- "New Kennedy-King College". Public Building Commission of Chicago. Retrieved 6 October 2013. "Mayor Daley cut the ribbon to open Kennedy King College on July 18, 2007."
- Vance, Steven. "Englewood Flyover broke ground today – will save 7,500 hours of Metra delays annually". Grid Chicago. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
- Paral, Rob. "Chicago Community Areas Historical Data". Retrieved 3 September 2012.
- Demographics from Metropolitan Planning Council. By Josh Ellis. Published 2009. Data taken from year 2000.
- "Englewood | City of Chicago | Data Portal". Chicago. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
- "Crime in Chicagoland - Englewood". chicagotribune.com.
- "contact". Paul Robeson High School. Retrieved on Retrieved on October 21, 2009.
- Hartman, Krystin. "Why Did 1 In 7 Girls Get Pregnant At Robeson High?." CBS 2 Chicago. October 15, 2009. Retrieved on October 21, 2009. Archived October 17, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Noble Efforts Change Lives. | Welcome to Johnson College Prep
- "Englewood Campus." Urban Prep Academies. Retrieved on December 10, 2010. Archived June 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- Hope, Leah (July 18, 2007). "New billboards tout Englewood neighborhood's success stories". ABC7 News (WLS-TV/DT). Retrieved 2013-10-29.
- Drake, David (2012-10-17). "Growing Up in Chicago and Getting Noticed". Complex. Retrieved 2015-02-07.
- Austen, Ben (17 September 2013). [Public Enemies: Social Media Is Fueling Gang Wars in Chicago "Public Enemies: Social Media Is Fueling Gang Wars in Chicago"] Check
|url=value (help). Wired. Retrieved 6 October 2013. "Chief Keef and Lil JoJo, two rappers from the South Side neighborhood of Englewood..."
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