|City of Englewood, Colorado|
|Home Rule Municipality|
Location in Arapahoe County and the state of Colorado
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|State||State of Colorado|
|Founded||1860, as Orchard Place, Colorado|
|Incorporated||May 9, 1903|
|• Type||Home Rule Municipality|
|• Mayor||Randy Penn|
|• Total||6.7 sq mi (17.1 km2)|
|• Land||6.6 sq mi (17 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||5,371 ft (1,637 m)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|ZIP codes||80110 & 80113, PO Boxes 80150 & 80151 & 80155|
|Area code(s)||Both 303 and 720|
|INCITS place code||0824785|
|GNIS feature ID||0204715|
|Website||City of Englewood|
The City of Englewood is a Home Rule Municipality located in Arapahoe County, Colorado, United States. As of 2010, the population was 30,255. Englewood is part of the Denver-Aurora Metropolitan Area. Englewood is located in the South Platte River Valley east of the Front Range and immediately south of central Denver. Downtown is located immediately east of the confluence of Little Dry Creek and the South Platte River, between Santa Fe Drive and Broadway.
Englewood is the fourth most populous city in Arapahoe County and, in 2010, was the twenty-third most populous city in Colorado.
The history of Englewood begins when gold was discovered on what came to be called Little Dry Creek by William Green Russell, an early settler of the high plains, in 1858. Two years later, Thomas Skerritt, considered to be the founder of the city, established a home in the area, which was called Orchard Place. Four years later the first road connecting Denver and Orchard Place was created by Skerritt himself using his own plough. In 1879 the first telephone arrived in the area.
1883 was an important year, as it was the year that the Cherrelyn horsecar path was laid. The Cherrelyn trolley was and is an important city icon, being carried up Broadway by horse and down by gravity. 1903 brought incorporation, but Skerritt was edged out by J.C. Jones as the first city mayor. Jones was a prominent landowner, having originally owned almost all of what is now north Englewood. The next two years brought the establishment of the first newspaper in the city, soon to be named the Herald. In 1905 Swedish National Sanitorium was founded, soon to become the massive present-day Swedish Medical Center. 1906 brought the first pavement and street lights, and a year later the police and fire departments were established. In 1908 the famed Cherrelyn horse trolley stopped running.
1948 was a start of a great period of change for the city. 2,500 acres (1,000 ha) on the Platte Canyon were purchased, and soon McLellan Reservoir was created. This ensured water independence from the powerful Denver Water, and in fact, Englewood provides water to most of the south metro area now due to its vast, early-established water rights. Soon after the city embarked on a huge building boom; most of the city was in fact built up by 1960.
In 1965 City Park was sold to make way for Cinderella City, the largest mall west of the Mississippi River and one of the largest in the world when it opened in 1968. The developer provided the funds to create a vast city park network to replace the single City Park that the mall was built on. Thirty years later, the city demolished the defunct mall in order to make way for a new, transit-oriented development that would also contain a new Civic Center, library, and the relocated city hall. The RTD completed its southwest light rail corridor in 2000, and established passenger rail transit in Englewood.
In 2004 Englewood opened the Pirates Cove water park as part of a multimillion-dollar improvement package for the city parks system. In addition to Pirates Cove many improvements were made to the South Platte River trail system and to the Englewood Recreation Center, originally constructed in 1975.
Englewood is a full-service city with its own, independent park, library, and public works systems. Englewood provides snowplow service to neighboring municipalities and water to a large portion of the metro area.
Englewood is located at  The city is 5,371 feet (1,637 m) above sea level, higher than Denver.(39.646837, -104.991986).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.6 square miles (17 km2), of which, 6.6 square miles (17 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.76%) is water.
Englewood features a climate very similar to that of Denver, but is slightly milder and more stable due to the city's establishment in a very low part of the South Platte River valley. Winds are very sparse throughout the city. The Köppen Climate Classification system labels Englewood as having a cold semi-arid climate, abbreviated as BSk.
|Climate data for Englewood, Colorado|
|Record high °F (°C)||72
|Average high °F (°C)||43
|Average low °F (°C)||19
|Record low °F (°C)||−32
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.39
|Source: MSN Weather|
Central Englewood can be roughly divided into quadrants, with the x-axis being Hampden Avenue and the y-axis being Broadway. The northwest is the oldest section of the city, containing the new CityCenter, downtown, and housing stock dating to the 1910s. This is also where the massive General Iron metal fabrication plant was located, which closed in the 1990s and has now been demolished, awaiting redevelopment and a new proposed light rail station at Bates Avenue. The southwest section is home to a newer housing stock as well as a significant percentage of Englewood's industrial and production facilities.
The southwest side also features Englewood's largest park, Belleview Park, and a small reservoir. The southeast section is almost purely residential and is newer than the north and southwest sides. Finally, northeast Englewood is home to one of the largest hospital complexes in the metro area. Swedish Medical Center and Craig Hospital, a top-ten nationally ranked rehabilitation hospital for spinal cord and traumatic brain injury rehabilitation, comprise the hospital district, the backbone of the city economy. The Hampden Hills neighborhood hosts one of the largest conglomeration of apartment complexes in the metro area, and is also the newest developed part of the city as well as the wealthiest.
Englewood also features some large annexed areas, such as the northwest annex that extends to Evans Avenue in Denver, which is chiefly manufacturing and industry. Finally, Englewood extends southeast to the Highline Canal, and southwest past Federal Blvd. approaching the Town of Bow Mar.
As of the census of 2000, there were 31,727 people, 14,392 households, and 7,469 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,843.8 people per square mile (1,870.2/km²). There were 14,916 housing units at an average density of 2,276.4 per square mile (879.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.8% White, 17.5% African American, 1.3% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13% of the population.
There were 14,392 households out of which 23.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.7% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 48.1% were non-families. 37.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the city the population distribution was varied, with 20.3% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 35.9% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,943, and the median income for a family was $47,290. Males had a median income of $32,636 versus $28,480 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,904. About 4.9% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
The City of Englewood is served by the Englewood Public Schools (EPS), a district with two high schools, Englewood High and Colorado's Finest Alternative High School. Small parts of the city are served by the Littleton Public Schools and the Sheridan Public Schools. There are two middle schools: Englewood Middle School and Englewood Leadership Academy. There are four elementary schools: Bishop, Clayton, Charles Hay and Cherrelyn. Some of neighboring Cherry Hills Village is within the Englewood School district.
The city is also home to a number of private schools, including the Saint Louis School, a large Catholic K-12 institution. Also, the city used to host the Denver Seminary, an evangelical graduate-level religious school that has since relocated to Littleton. The former seminary site is now slated for redevelopment.
According to the City's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees||% of City Employed|
|1||Columbia Swedish Medical Center||2,075||8.17%|
|4||Englewood School District||490||1.93%|
|5||City of Englewood||423||1.55%|
|6||Burt Automotive Dealers||400||1.57%|
|7||Windsor Industries, Inc.||350||1.38%|
|8||7-Up Bottling Company||300||1.18%|
|9||Meadow Gold Dairies||250||0.98%|
Points of interest
Adjacent municipalities and unincorporated areas
The place name "Englewood" is assigned to three ZIP codes which cover areas adjacent to the city on the west and east, and an area southeast of the city that is much larger than the city itself. Thus, many addresses written as "Englewood, Colorado" are actually in the Arapahoe County cities of Sheridan, Cherry Hills Village, Greenwood Village, or Centennial; or in Meridian in unincorporated Douglas County. This area includes part of the Denver Tech Center and the surrounding commercial development along the I-25 corridor, which is often erroneously attributed to Englewood; the city actually lies several miles west.
|West: Sheridan, Bow Mar, Denver, Littleton||East: Denver, Cherry Hills Village, Greenwood Village|
|South: Littleton, Greenwood Village|
Notable individuals who were born in and/or have lived in Englewood include missionary and archaeologist David Crockett Graham, civil rights activist Carlotta Walls LaNier, and railroad executive Louis W. Menk.
- Outline of Colorado
- State of Colorado
- "2014 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Places". United States Census Bureau. July 1, 2014. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
- "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved 2007-09-01.
- "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
- "City of Englewood: City Council". City of Englewood. Retrieved 2007-09-12.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Chronology of Englewood's History". 2005. Retrieved 2009-06-16.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Englewood, Colorado
- "Annual Weather Averages for Englewood, CO". 2009.
- "Best Hospitals - US News and World Report". 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-16.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Englewood (city), Colorado Quick Facts from the US Census Bureau". 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
- Jones, Rebecca. "Article: PRISON HAS A FIELD OF VISION.(Spotlight)." Rocky Mountain News. May 2, 1999. Retrieved on July 28, 2010. "You're talking about the Englewood Federal Correctional Institution - which, interestingly, is nowhere near Englewood, but that's the federal government for you. (It has a Littleton mailing address, as does most of south Jefferson County, though it's nowhere near Littleton, either, but that's a wacky question for another day.)"
- "FCI Englewood Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on July 28, 2010.
- City of Englewood CAFR
- Brown, Jean Graham (1993). "Graham, David Crockett and Alicia May (Morey)". In Altenbach, Roy and Ethel, and The Englewood Historical Society. A History of Englewood, Colorado. Dallas: Curtis Media Corporation. pp. 325–326. ISBN 0-88107-228-1.
- "Carlotta Walls LaNier (1942- )". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved 2016-04-18.
- "Louis W. Menk". National Railroad Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2016-04-18.