Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey
|Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey|
|Borough of Englewood Cliffs|
Borough administration office building
Map highlighting Englewood Cliffs' location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||May 10, 1895|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Mario M. Kranjac (R, term ends December 31, 2019)|
|• Administrator / Clerk||Lisette M. Duffy|
|• Total||3.329 sq mi (8.623 km2)|
|• Land||2.089 sq mi (5.410 km2)|
|• Water||1.24 sq mi (3.213 km2) 37.26%|
|Area rank||320th of 566 in state
23rd of 70 in county
|Elevation||318 ft (97 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||5,403|
|• Rank||369th of 566 in state
59th of 70 in county
|• Density||2,528.1/sq mi (976.1/km2)|
|• Density rank||248th of 566 in state
49th of 70 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0885210|
Englewood Cliffs is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 5,281, reflecting a decline of 41 (-0.8%) from the 5,322 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 312 (-5.5%) from the 5,634 counted in the 1990 Census.
The borough houses the world headquarters of CNBC (NBCUniversal), the North American headquarters of South Korean conglomerate LG Corp, and the American headquarters of global CPG conglomerate Unilever, and is home to both Ferrari and Maserati North America.
The borough's formation dates back to an election for Road Commissioner in Road District 1 between William Outis Allison and Clinton Blake, a future mayor of Englewood. Blake won the vote, but Allison challenged the result, arguing that women had been improperly allowed to vote. The vote was overturned, but Englewood officials would not seat Allison, which ultimately led to his successful efforts in 1895 to have Road District 1 secede to form the Borough of Englewood Cliffs, with Allison serving as the new municipality's first mayor.
Englewood Cliffs was formed as a borough on May 10, 1895, from portions of the now defunct townships of Englewood Township and Palisades Township, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day. The borough was formed during the "Boroughitis" phenomenon then sweeping through Bergen County, as of one two boroughs created in 1895 after 26 boroughs had been formed in the county in 1894 alone.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Economy
- 4 Government
- 5 Emergency services
- 6 Education
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Notable people
- 9 See also
- 10 Footnotes
- 11 Further reading
- 12 External links
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 3.329 square miles (8.623 km2), including 2.089 square miles (5.410 km2) of land and 1.24 square miles (3.213 km2) of water (37.26%).
In 2012, Englewood Cliffs was ranked 129th in the nation, and fifth in New Jersey, on the list of most expensive ZIP codes in the United States by Forbes magazine, with a median home price of $1,439,115. In 2006, the borough was ranked sixth in New Jersey and 78th in the nation in the magazine's rankings, with a median house price of $1,112,500.
The 2010 United States Census counted 5,281 people, 1,824 households, and 1,527 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,528.1 per square mile (976.1/km2). The borough contained 1,924 housing units at an average density of 921.0 per square mile (355.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 56.35% (2,976) White, 2.08% (110) Black or African American, 0.08% (4) Native American, 38.52% (2,034) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.78% (41) from other races, and 2.20% (116) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.98% (316) of the population.
Out of a total of 1,824 households, 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.1% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.3% were non-families. 14.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the borough, 21.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 20.0% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 24.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.2 years. For every 100 females the census counted 93.7 males, but for 100 females at least 18 years old, it was 86.7 males.
Korean Americans accounted for 20.3% of the borough's population. Englewood Cliffs has witnessed expansion of this demographic from the adjoining Fort Lee Koreatown (포트 리 코리아타운), as well as from the borough's status as the North American headquarters of the LG Corporation, based in Seoul.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $101,964 (with a margin of error of +/- $32,516) and the median family income was $126,985 (+/- $37,177). Males had a median income of $88,438 (+/- $9,456) versus $52,950 (+/- $7,757) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $53,260 (+/- $12,101). About 8.0% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 32.7% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 5,322 people, 1,818 households, and 1,559 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,544.3 people per square mile (983.2/km2). There were 1,889 housing units at an average density of 903.1 per square mile (349.0/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 66.84% White, 1.37% African American, 0.04% Native American, 29.69% Asian, 0.71% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.89% of the population.
There were 1,818 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.0% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.2% were non-families. 12.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 20.7% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.8 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $106,478, and the median income for a family was $113,187 in 2000. In 2008, the estimated median income had risen to $134,419. Males had a median income of $79,501 versus $42,019 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $57,399. About 1.4% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 Census, 11.76% of Englewood Cliffs' residents identified themselves as being of Korean ancestry, which was the tenth highest in the United States and eighth highest of any municipality in New Jersey, for all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry. The 2000 census found that 3.4% of Englewood Cliffs residents identified themselves as being of Armenian-American ancestry, the eighth highest percentage of Armenian American people in any place in the United States. In the 2000 census, 8.42% of Englewood Cliffs' residents identified themselves as being of Chinese ancestry. This was the third highest percentage of people with Chinese ancestry in any place in New Jersey with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry. In this same census, 2.91% of Englewood Cliffs' residents identified themselves as being of Japanese ancestry, which was the fifth highest of any municipality in New Jersey — behind Fort Lee (6.09%), Demarest (3.72%), Edgewater (3.22%) and Leonia (3.07%) — for all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry. As of the 2010 Census, 20.3% of the population (1,072) reported as being of Korean ancestry, 8.9% (472) Chinese and 5.7% (300) Asian Indian.
LG Electronics held a groundbreaking ceremony on November 14, 2013 to build an environmentally friendly North American headquarters in Englewood Cliffs, having received a favorable legal decision subsequently being appealed based upon building height issues. Protesters have sharply criticized the proposal, arguing that the 143-foot (44 m) height of the building exceeds the borough's 35-foot (11 m) limit and that the height of the building above the tree line will disrupt views of the Palisades.
Englewood Cliffs is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Englewood Cliffs, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2016[update], the Mayor is Republican Mario M. Kranjac, whose term of office ends December 31, 2019. Elected to office in 2015, Kranjac became the borough's first Republican mayor in 40 years. Members of the Englewood Cliffs Borough Council are Council President Carrol McMorrow (R, 2018), Edward Aversa (D, 2017), Gloria Oh (D, 2017), Ellen Park (D, 2019), Mark Park (R, 2018) and William Woo (R, 2019).
- Mario M. Kranjac - 2016 to present
- Joseph Parisi Jr. - 2008 to 2015.
- Joseph Parisi Sr. - 1976 to 2005.
- Thomas E. Stagnitti (1923–2006) - 1964 to 1976.
- William Outis Allison (1849–1924) 1895 to 1911 (?). He was the first Mayor of Englewood Cliffs, and served four terms in office.
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 37th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Loretta Weinberg (D, Teaneck) and in the General Assembly by Valerie Huttle (D, Englewood) and Gordon M. Johnson (D, Englewood). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. As of 2015[update], the County Executive is James J. Tedesco III (D, Paramus; term ends December 31, 2018). The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January. Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2017; Fort Lee), Vice Chairman Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington) Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge), David L. Ganz (D, 2017; Fair Lawn), Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes) Thomas J. Sullivan Jr., (D, Montvale, 2015; serving the unexpired term of office that had been occupied by James Tedesco before he was sworn in as County Executive) and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes). Countywide constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale), Sheriff Michael Saudino (R) and Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,505 registered voters in Englewood Cliffs, of which 1,069 (30.5% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 761 (21.7% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 1,675 (47.8% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 66.4% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 84.6% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 1,369 votes (54.6% vs. 43.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,086 votes (43.3% vs. 54.8%) and other candidates with 19 votes (0.8% vs. 0.9%), among the 2,506 ballots cast by the borough's 3,697 registered voters, for a turnout of 67.8% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County). In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 1,415 votes (51.0% vs. 44.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,301 votes (46.9% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 20 votes (0.7% vs. 0.8%), among the 2,775 ballots cast by the borough's 3,674 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.5% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County). In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,457 votes (52.1% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 1,316 votes (47.0% vs. 51.7%) and other candidates with 11 votes (0.4% vs. 0.7%), among the 2,799 ballots cast by the borough's 3,594 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.9% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 74.2% of the vote (1,182 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 24.9% (397 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (14 votes), among the 1,669 ballots cast by the borough's 3,528 registered voters (76 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 47.3%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,059 votes (51.5% vs. 45.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 879 votes (42.7% vs. 48.0%), Independent Chris Daggett with 54 votes (2.6% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 12 votes (0.6% vs. 0.5%), among the 2,057 ballots cast by the borough's 3,588 registered voters, yielding a 57.3% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).
Emergency medical services (EMS) are provided to the borough of Englewood Cliffs by Englewood Hospital and Medical Center under the terms of an agreement between the borough and the hospital.
The borough had been served by the Englewood Cliffs Volunteer Ambulance Corps, which was staffed by trained and certified Emergency Medical Technicians who were on call from 7:00 PM to 6:00 AM on weekdays and 24/7 on weekends. ECVAC maintained three vehicles, two Ford Type-III ambulances and a Chevy Tahoe SUV and responded to an average of over 300 medical emergencies each year. The ECVAC was disbanded in August 2012 by the Mayor and Council of Englewood Cliffs, citing delays in providing prompt emergency response to borough residents due to the lack of volunteers.
The Englewood Cliffs Public Schools serves children in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district's two schools had an enrollment of 595 students and 56.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.6:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are North Cliff School with 169 students in grades PreK–2 and Upper School with 195 students in grades 3–8.
The school district has a sending/receiving relationship with the Englewood Public School District under which students attend public high school at Dwight Morrow High School in Englewood. As of the 2014-15 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 1,091 students and 98.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.1:1.
Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.
Since 1975, Englewood Cliffs has been home to a campus of Saint Peter's University, where evening and weekend classes are offered for Associate's degrees, Bachelor's degrees, and graduate degrees. The college's nursing program for registered nurses is also located at the campus. Previously, the campus had been home to Englewood Cliffs College, which closed in 1974.
The borough does not have its own public library. After a 47-year-long relationship with the Englewood Public Library under which the borough paid $225,000 to allow borough residents to use the city's library, Englewood Cliffs started negotiations in 2016 with other municipalities to pay for privileges elsewhere.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 35.16 miles (56.58 km) of roadways, of which 27.89 miles (44.88 km) were maintained by the municipality, 1.66 miles (2.67 km) by Bergen County, 2.82 miles (4.54 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 2.79 miles (4.49 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
U.S. Route 9W and the Palisades Interstate Parkway both run alongside each other for about 2.8 miles (4.5 km) along the Hudson River from Fort Lee in the south to Tenafly in the north. County Route 505 (Hudson Terrace / Palisades Avenue) travels through the borough from Fort Lee in the south to Englewood in the east. Motorists can also take a scenic drive along Henry Hudson Drive at the Palisades Interstate Park, which is accessible via Dyckman Hill Road.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Englewood Cliffs include:
- Robert A. Agresta (born 1953), investor, businessman, lawyer and inventor who has served on the Englewood Cliffs Borough Council.
- William Outis Allison (1849–1924) first Mayor of Englewood Cliffs.
- Foxy Brown (born 1978), rapper.
- Liz Claman (born 1963), Fox Business Network anchor.
- Lee Conklin (born 1941), artist best known for his psychedelic poster art of the late 1960s and his iconic album cover for Santana's debut album.
- Patrick Ewing (born 1962), former professional and Basketball Hall of Fame player for the New York Knicks.
- Jordan Farmar (born 1986), basketball player who has played for the New Jersey Nets.
- Roberta S. Jacobson (born 1960, née Steinfeld), U.S. diplomat who has served as Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs since March 2012.
- Anjli Jain (born 1981), Executive Director of the CampusEAI Consortium.
- Mario Jascalevich (1927–1984), physician tried and acquitted for the murder of five of his patients with curare, in a case often referred to as the "Dr X" killings.
- Rob Kaminsky (born 1994), pitcher with the St. Louis Cardinals.
- Christina McHale (born 1992), professional tennis player.
- Alan Mruvka (born 1958), film producer and entrepreneur.
- Anne Nichols (1891–1966), playwright who created Abie's Irish Rose.
- Jill Oakes (born 1984), professional soccer player.
- Christopher Porrino, lawyer who became Acting New Jersey Attorney General in June 2016.
- Q-Tip (born 1970), hip-hop MC and producer.
- Arnold Squitieri (born 1936), underboss of the Gambino crime family.
- Louis Teicher (1924–2008), piano player and half of the duo Ferrante & Teicher.
- Trish Van Devere (born 1943), actress.
- Rudy Van Gelder (1924–2016), jazz recording engineer.
- Sarah Vaughan (1924–1990), jazz singer.
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- About CNBC U.S., CNBC. Accessed December 24, 2016. "The network's 15 live hours a day of business programming in North America (weekdays from 4:00 a.m. - 7:00 p.m. ET) is produced at CNBC's global headquarters in Englewood Cliffs, N.J., and includes reports from CNBC News bureaus worldwide."
- Contact Us. LG Corp.. Accessed January 6, 2010. "U.S.A. Corporate Headquarters 1000 Sylvan Avenue Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632, Ferrari North America.."
- "Unilever to Move Chicago Office To North America Headquarters in New Jersey", Unilever press release dated November 10, 2009. Accessed September 25, 2011. "Unilever, one of the world's largest consumer goods companies, [NYSE: UN, UL] announced today that it is combining its Chicago-based antiperspirants, deodorant and hair care group with its skin care business, to create a Personal Care (PC) business unit based at the company's North America headquarters in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. As a result of the integration, Unilever will close the Chicago offices by July 2010."
- Baker, Rebecca. "Dozens of protestors show up at LG groundbreaking in Englewood Cliffs", The Record (Bergen County), November 14, 2013. Accessed December 5, 2013. "LG Electronics broke ground Thursday on its $300 million North American headquarters in grand style, with a string quartet, catered food and congratulatory speeches, all under a sprawling heated outdoor tent in Englewood Cliffs.... The protest was organized by Protect the Palisades, a coalition of preservation and cultural groups, some of which are suing Englewood Cliffs for allowing LG to exceed the borough's 35-foot height limit on buildings. The 143-foot-high headquarters the company is building would be visible above the tree line along the Hudson River cliffs and the first high-rise north of Fort Lee."
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- Lueddeke, Kim. "Englewood Cliffs to be governed by Republican mayor for first time in 40 years", The Record (Bergen County), November 5, 2015. Accessed May 1, 2016. "For the first time in 40 years, the borough will be governed by a Republican mayor. Mario Kranjac defeated Democrat Joseph Favaro on Tuesday by a vote of 989 to 804, according to unofficial results.... Kranjac's ticket mates, Carrol McMorrow and Mark Park, won election to the Borough Council."
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.|
- Englewood Cliffs official website
- Englewood Cliffs Public Schools
- Englewood Cliffs Public Schools's 2014–15 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Englewood Cliffs Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- History of Englewood Cliffs relationship to Englewood schools