English Bicknor Castle

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English Bicknor Castle
English Bicknor in Gloucestershire, England
English Bicknor Castle.jpg
The castle ruins today
English Bicknor Castle is located in Gloucestershire
English Bicknor Castle
English Bicknor Castle
Coordinates51°50′19″N 2°36′31″W / 51.838611°N 2.608611°W / 51.838611; -2.608611Coordinates: 51°50′19″N 2°36′31″W / 51.838611°N 2.608611°W / 51.838611; -2.608611
TypeMotte and bailey
Site information
ConditionEarthworks only remain

English Bicknor Castle was a castle in the village of English Bicknor in Gloucestershire, England.

The castle was built in the 11th century as a motte and bailey design, although some suggest a later construction date in the early 12th century.[1] The motte lay at the centre of two concentric outer bailey walls, producing a roughly circular castle approximately 150 yards across.[2] The motte was placed against the south-west corner of the site, where the ground fell away from the castle, giving additional protection from attack.[2] A square stone keep may have been built at a later stage on the motte, and a church was built in the outer bailey.[2] At the start of years of the Anarchy the castle was controlled by the powerful Miles de Gloucester.[3] The castle escaped destruction at the end of the conflict and was still in use at the beginning of the 13th century, when it was owned by William Avenel; its exact date of final ruin is unknown.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rushforth and Knowles, p.8; Amt, p.44.
  2. ^ a b c Rushforth and Knowles, p.9.
  3. ^ Amt, p.44.
  4. ^ Renn, p.184; Amt, p.44.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Amt, Emilie. (1993) The Accession of Henry II in England: royal government restored, 1149-1159. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press. ISBN 978-0-85115-348-3.
  • Renn, Derek Frank. (1968) Norman castles in Britain. London: Baker.
  • Rushforth and Knowles. (1931) "Proceedings at the Spring Meeting at Micheldean, Goodrich, English Bicknor and Newland," in Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, 1931, Vol. 53.