Timeline of the English Civil War

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This is a timeline of events leading up to, culminating in, and resulting from the English Civil Wars.

Events prior to the English Civil War[edit]

Main article: English Civil War



1642 until the outbreak of the war[edit]

The First English Civil War[edit]

Events of 1642[edit]

Events of 1643[edit]

Events of 1644[edit]

The Scots marched South and joined Parliament's army threatening York.

Events of 1645[edit]

Events of 1646[edit]

Events of 1647[edit]

  • 13 March, Harlech Castle the last Royalist stronghold in Wales surrendered to the Parliamentary forces.
  • 29 May, General Council of the Army drew-up the Solemn Engagement
  • 3 June, Cornet George Joyce (a junior officer in Fairfax's horse) with a troop of New Model Army cavalry seizes the King from his Parliamentary guards at Holdenby House and place him in protective custody of the New Model Army
  • 4–5 June, at a rendezvoused on Kentford Heath near Newmarket the officers and men of the New Model Army gave their assent to the Solemn Engagement
  • 8 June, General Fairfax sent the Solemn Engagement to Parliament along with a letter explaining that the King was now in the custody of the Army negotiations would be conducted through New Model Army representatives
  • 1 August, General Council of the Army offers the Heads of Proposals
  • 31 August, Montrose escaped from the Highlands
  • October, "An Agreement of the People for a firm and present peace upon grounds of common right", presented to the Army Council
  • 28 October, Beginning of the Putney Debates
  • 26 December, a faction of Scottish Covenanters sign The Engagement with Charles I

The Second English Civil War[edit]

Events of 1648[edit]

Events of 1649[edit]

Third English Civil War[edit]

Events of 1650[edit]

Events of 1651[edit]

Events after the English Civil War[edit]

deathcount: royalists: 50,000. parliamentarians: 34,000

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Brown 2013, Scottish proclamation.
  2. ^ Reid & Killen 1853, p. 102 footnote 20: The ceremonial at the proclamation of Charles II. at Newtownards may be seen in the Montg. MSS., p. 206.
  3. ^ "King Charles the 2d being proclaimed our King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland" (Montgomery & Hill 1869, pp. 68, 178).


  • Brown, K.M.; et al., eds. (2007–2013), "Proclamation: of King Charles II, 5 January 1649 (NAS. PA2/24, f.97r-97v.)", The Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707, St Andrews, retrieved September 2013  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • Reid, James Seaton; Killen, William Dool (1853). A History of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland: Comprising the Civil History of the Province of Ulster from the Accession of James the First ... 2 (2 ed.). Whittaker. p. 102. 
  • Montgomery, William; Hill, George (1869), The Montgomery manuscripts: (1603-1706) Comp. from family papers by William Montgomery, of Rosemount; and edited with notes, Belfast: Archer, pp. 68, 176 

External links[edit]