English Collective of Prostitutes
|Founded at||London, England|
The English Collective of Prostitutes (ECP) is a campaigning group which supports the decriminalisation of prostitution, sex workers' right to recognition and safety, and the provision of financial alternatives to prostitution so that no one is forced into prostitution by poverty. The group works against the social stigma that is associated with prostitution, and the poverty that is sometimes its cause. It provides information, help, and support to individual prostitute women and others who are concerned with sex workers' rights, civil, legal, and economic rights. The organisation was founded in 1975, and its first spokeswoman was Selma James.
The ECP was formed as part of the highly politicised prostitutes' rights movement that emerged in Europe in the mid-1970s. The 1975 prostitutes' strike in France and the subsequent formation of the French Prostitute Collective inspired the formation of a similar organisation in England.
The ECP and the US PROStitutes Collective (US PROS) are part of the International Prostitutes Collective, which has a network of sex workers in many countries of the world. The ECP is said to work closely with the New Zealand Prostitutes Collective who spearheaded legislation in New Zealand to decriminalise prostitution. A recent government review found that after five years, there had been no increase in the numbers of women working.
Safety First Coalition
In the aftermath of the Ipswich serial murders of five young women in December 2006, the ECP initiated the Safety First Coalition to decriminalise sex work, and prioritise safety. Members include the Royal College of Nursing, the National Association of Probation Officers, bereaved families, some anti-poverty campaigners, church people, residents of red-light areas, medical and legal professionals, prison reformers, sex workers, anti-rape organisations, drug rehabilitation projects.
Policing and Crime Act
The English Collective of Prostitutes campaigned against the Policing and Crime Act 2009, which originally included proposals to criminalise anyone involved in the sex industry, whether or not there was force or coercion; target safer premises; seize and retain money and assets, even without a conviction; increase arrests against street workers; arrest men on "suspicion"; imprison sex workers who breach a compulsory rehabilitation order. The ECP argued that these measures would force prostitution underground, exposing sex workers to greater danger and preventing them coming forward to report violence and access health and other services.
The ECP argues that discredited academic work has falsely labelled most sex workers as victims of "trafficking". Its website provides critiques of such work.
In 2019 Laura Watson from the ECP gave evidence to the Work and Pensions Select Committee which was examining the link between sex work and poverty caused by the introduction of Universal Credit. She said that payment delays had led to "increased destitution and homelessness" and pushed some women into "survival sex".
In the spring of 2020, during the initial stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, Niki Adams of the ECP warned that some sex workers were continuing to see clients during England's first national lockdown as a result of financial need, potentially exposing themselves and others to COVID-19, and asked for emergency cash payments for sex workers in need. In the autumn of that year the ECP renewed its request for emergency payments as a result of the country's second national lockdown. In January 2021, at the beginning of the country's third national lockdown, the ECP reported that increasing numbers of women were turning to sex work for the first time as a result of poverty.
The ECP has been involved in local campaigns aimed at making life safer for prostitutes following incidents in certain areas, for example, the Ipswich murders of 2006 in which all the victims were prostitutes. It also objects to the actions of Reading Borough Council and the Thames Valley Police, which have been targeting prostitutes working in the Oxford Road area of Reading, Berkshire, for several years.
- Brents, Barbara G.; Morris, Gayle; Licausi, Lisa (2013). "Prostitution". In Carreon, Sonia; Cassedy, Amy; Borman, Kathryn; Dubeck, Paula J. (eds.). Women and Work: A Handbook. Garland Reference Library of Social Science. Volume 679. Routledge. p. 223. ISBN 9781135818937.
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- "Profile of our first spokeswoman, Selma James". English Collective of Prostitutes. 8 June 2012.
- Selam James (1 November 2013). "Sex workers need support – but not from the 'hands off my whore' brigade". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- "Prostitution Law Reform – Ministry of Justice, New Zealand". Justice.govt.nz. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
- "Executive Summary – Ministry of Justice, New Zealand". Justice.govt.nz. 8 February 2010. Archived from the original on 23 May 2010. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
- "Safety First". Prostitutescollective.net. Archived from the original on 29 March 2010. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
- "Parliament UK: Bills before Parliament". Services.parliament.uk. 12 November 2009. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
- Jonathan Brown (26 November 2008). "WI enlisted in fight against prostitution". The Independent.
- More or Less BBC Radio 4 Archived 24 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine 1:30 pm Friday 9 January 2009.
- Corvid, Margaret (2 November 2015). "As our MPs gather evidence on decriminalising sex work, they need facts – not the old myths". New Statesman. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- "Universal credit: MPs call for action on women driven to 'survival sex'". BBC News. 25 October 2019.
- Topping, Alexandra (13 April 2020). "UK sex workers in 'dire and desperate' need amid coronavirus lockdown". The Guardian.
- Bullock, Clara (17 November 2020). "Covid: Second lockdown 'will deepen sex work crisis'". BBC News.
- Oppenheim, Maya (8 January 2021). "Growing numbers of women turning to sex work as Covid crisis pushes them into 'desperate poverty'". The Independent.
- Prior, Malcolm (24 April 2003). "UK | England | Berkshire | 'Saving' the street-walkers". BBC News. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
- "UK | England | Berkshire | Photos of prostitutes condemned". BBC News. 29 December 2004. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
- "UK | England | Berkshire | Vice crackdown sees 22 arrested". BBC News. 29 March 2007. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
- Keith Dovkants, "Soho brothel to re-open after judge throws out police case", London Evening Standard, 18 February 2009.
- Ben Russell, "Sex & the citizens: New prostitution laws explained", The Independent, 20 November 2008.
- "Jam, Jerusalem and Prostitutes", Sky News On-line
- "Should Sex Laws Be Tougher", BBC Two, 19 November 2008.
- "Critics hit out at sex law plan", BBC News, 19 November 2008.