1705 English general election

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1705 English general election

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All 513 seats in the House of Commons
257 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  John Churchill Marlborough porträtterad av Adriaen van der Werff (1659-1722).jpg No image.svg
Leader Duke of Marlborough Whig Junto
Party Tory Whig
Seats won 260 233
Seat change Decrease38 Increase49

House of Commons elected members, 1705.svg
House of Commons after election

The 1705 English general election saw contests in 110 constituencies in England and Wales, roughly 41% of the total. The election was fiercely fought, with mob violence and cries of "Church in Danger" occurring in several boroughs. During the previous session of Parliament the Tories had become increasingly unpopular, and their position was therefore somewhat weakened by the election, particularly by the Tackers controversy. Due to the uncertain loyalty of a group of 'moderate' Tories led by Robert Harley, the parties were roughly balanced in the House of Commons following the election, encouraging the Whigs to demand a greater share in the government led by Marlborough

Summary of the constituencies[edit]

See British general election, 1796 for details. The constituencies used in England and Wales were the same throughout the period. In 1707 alone the 45 Scottish members were not elected from the constituencies, but were returned by co-option of a part of the membership of the last Parliament of Scotland elected before the Union.

Party strengths are an approximation, with many MPs' allegiances being unknown.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Cruickshanks, Eveline; Handley, Stuart; Hayton, David, eds. (2002), The House of Commons, 1690–1715, The History of Parliament, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

External links[edit]