English ship Elizabeth Jonas (1559)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Invincible Armada
English ships fight the Spanish Armada, 1588
History
English FlagEngland
Name: Elizabeth Jonas
Builder: Peter Pett, Woolwich Dockyard
Laid down: 1557
Launched: 3 July 1559
Out of service:
  • 1585-1586
  • 1597-1598
Fate: Rebuilt 1597-98. Condemned and sold, 1618
General characteristics as built 1557-59
Tons burthen: 740 bm
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 42 guns
General characteristics as rebuilt from 1598
Class and type: 55-gun Royal Ship
Tons burthen: 684 bm
Length: 100 ft (30 m) (keel)
Beam: 38 ft (12 m)
Depth of hold: 18 ft (5.5 m)
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Complement: 500 (340 sailors, 40 gunners, 120 soldiers)
Armament:

The Elizabeth Jonas of 1559 was the first large English galleon, built in Woolwich Dockyard from 1557 and launched in July 1559.

Construction[edit]

The vessel's keel was laid in 1557, for a ship of 800 tons burthen to replace Henry VIII's prestige warship, the Henry Grace à Dieu, which had been destroyed by fire in 1553.[1] Originally intended to be named Edward after Edward VI of England, she was renamed when Elizabeth I came to the throne.[2] She was a square-rigged galleon of four masts, including two lateen-rigged mizzenmasts.

Naval service[edit]

Elizabeth Jonas served effectively under the command of Sir Robert Southwell during the battle of the Spanish Armada in 1588. In 1597-98 she was rebuilt as a razee galleon.

In the early seventeenth century she was listed as one of the Navy's Ships Royal, denoting the largest and most prestigious vessels in the fleet. A 1618 commission of enquiry confirmed the designation, but found that years of inactivity had left her entirely unserviceable. Later that year she was broken up for scrap at Woolwich Dockyard.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Winfield 201, p. 8
  2. ^ Winfield 2009, p. xii

References[edit]

  • R C Anderson, List of English Men of War 1509 - 1649
  • Rif Winfield, British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603-1714: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth Publishing, 2009. ISBN 978-1-84832-040-6.
  • Winfield, Rif (2010). First Rate: The Greatest Warships of the Age of Sail. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9781591142645.

External links[edit]