Englishtown, New Jersey

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Englishtown, New Jersey
Borough of Englishtown
Looking north along Main Street (CR 527) away from Tennent Avenue (CR 522)
Looking north along Main Street (CR 527) away from Tennent Avenue (CR 522)
Motto(s): 
History, Harmony, and Hospitality[1]
Map of Englishtown in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Englishtown in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Englishtown, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Englishtown, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°17′46″N 74°21′35″W / 40.296141°N 74.359584°W / 40.296141; -74.359584Coordinates: 40°17′46″N 74°21′35″W / 40.296141°N 74.359584°W / 40.296141; -74.359584[2][3]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyMonmouth
IncorporatedJanuary 4, 1888
Named forJames English
Government
 • TypeBorough
 • BodyBorough Council
 • MayorThomas Reynolds (R, term ends December 31, 2023)[4][5]
 • AdministratorVacant
 • Municipal clerkPeter Gorbatuk[4]
Area
 • Total0.59 sq mi (1.52 km2)
 • Land0.57 sq mi (1.48 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)  2.88%
Area rank543rd of 565 in state
46th of 53 in county[2]
Elevation69 ft (21 m)
Population
 • Total1,847
 • Estimate 
(2019)[11]
1,912
 • Rank495th of 566 in state
42nd of 53 in county[12]
 • Density3,245.7/sq mi (1,253.2/km2)
 • Density rank203rd of 566 in state
23rd of 53 in county[12]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code(s)732 exchanges: 446, 536, 591, 617, 786, 792, 970[15]
FIPS code3402521570[2][16][17]
GNIS feature ID0885211[2][18]
Websitewww.englishtownnj.com

Englishtown is a borough in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 1,847,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 83 (+4.7%) from the 1,764 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 496 (+39.1%) from the 1,268 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

Englishtown was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on January 4, 1888, from portions of Manalapan Township, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day.[20] The borough was named for James English, an early settler.[21][22]

History[edit]

At the Battle of Monmouth, an American Revolutionary War battle fought on June 28, 1778 in Monmouth County, American General Charles Lee led the advance and initiated the first attack on the column's rear. When the British turned to flank him, he ordered a general retreat without so as much as firing a shot at the enemy, and his soldiers soon became disorganized. General George Washington continued the battle, earning respect for the Continental Army troops under his command. In the dining room of the Village Inn, located in the center of Englishtown, General Washington and Lord Stirling drew up the court martial papers citing Lee for his conduct during and after the battle.[23]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.59 square miles (1.52 km2), including 0.57 square miles (1.48 km2) of land and 0.02 square miles (0.04 km2) of water (2.88%).[2][3]

The borough is entirely surrounded by Manalapan Township,[24][25][26] making it part of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality entirely surrounds another.[27]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890444
1900410−7.7%
191046814.1%
192064137.0%
193079724.3%
19408152.3%
19501,00423.2%
19601,14313.8%
19701,048−8.3%
1980976−6.9%
19901,26829.9%
20001,76439.1%
20101,8474.7%
2019 (est.)1,912[11][28]3.5%
Population sources: 1890-1920[29]
1890-1910[30] 1910-1930[31]
1930-1990[32] 2000[33][34] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census counted 1,847 people, 621 households, and 458 families in the borough. The population density was 3,245.7 inhabitants per square mile (1,253.2/km2). There were 647 housing units at an average density of 1,137.0 per square mile (439.0/km2). The racial makeup was 88.14% (1,628) White, 2.60% (48) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 6.82% (126) Asian, 0.11% (2) Pacific Islander, 0.92% (17) from other races, and 1.41% (26) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.01% (148) of the population.[8]

Of the 621 households, 40.6% had children under the age of 18; 55.1% were married couples living together; 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present and 26.2% were non-families. Of all households, 20.5% were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.33.[8]

25.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 28.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.6 years. For every 100 females, the population had 93.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 90.1 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $70,795 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,336) and the median family income was $86,484 (+/- $8,333). Males had a median income of $65,625 (+/- $10,588) versus $43,333 (+/- $8,417) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,313 (+/- $2,456). About 1.5% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.[35]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 1,764 people, 643 households, and 416 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,102.1 people per square mile (1,194.9/km2). There were 680 housing units at an average density of 1,195.8 per square mile (460.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 88.38% White, 4.14% African American, .11% Native American, 4.48% Asian, 1.64% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.24% of the population.[33][34]

There were 643 households, out of which 39.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.51.[33][34]

In the borough the population was spread out, with 29.1% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 36.5% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 11% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.[33][34]

The median income for a household in the borough was $57,557, and the median income for a family was $73,750. Males had a median income of $50,694 versus $33,068 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,438. About 4% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.[33][34]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Englishtown is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government, which is used in 218 municipalities (of the 565) statewide, making it the most common form of government in New Jersey.[36] The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the Borough Council, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. The Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council is comprised of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[6] The Borough form of government used by Englishtown is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[37][38]

As of 2020, the Mayor of the Borough of Englishtown is Republican Thomas Reynolds, whose term of office ends December 31, 2023. Members of the Englishtown Borough Council are Daniel Francisco (R, 2021; appointed to serve an unexpired term), Maryanne Krawiec (R, 2021), Eric L. Mann (R, 2020), Dan Marter (R, 2022), Cecilia "Cindy" Robilotti (R, 2020) and Gregory W. Wojyn (R, 2022).[4][39][40][41][42][43]

In March 2020, Daniel Francisco was chosen to fill the seat expiring in December 2021 that had been held by Lori Cooke until her seat was declared to be vacant after she had missed three consecutive unexcused absences from council meetings.[44]

In April 2016, the Borough Council selected Eric Mann from three candidates nominated by the Republican municipal committee to fill the seat expiring December 2017 that had been held by Rudy Rucker until his resignation; Mann served on an interim basis until the November 2016 general election, when he was elected to fill the balance of the term.[45][46]

On March 28, 2012, Jayne Carr's seat on the Borough Council was officially vacated in accordance with state law after she failed to appear at eight consecutive meetings of the Borough Council dating back to December 2011. Carr claimed that she had stayed away from council meetings after receiving a death threat, and had informed the Monmouth County Prosecutor regarding the incident.[47] As of May 4, 2012, no official statement has ever been made from any law enforcement agency at the local, state, or federal level confirming Carr's claims. In November 2011, Carr had been censured "for conduct detrimental to the orderly conduct of borough governance and violating standards of decorum and debate of a public body", based on statements that she had made accusing a council member and borough employee of breaking state law, and of having claimed to have chaired meetings of the Englishtown Development Committee. According to official records, the meetings Carr claimed to have chaired were never held.[48]

On April 25, 2012, the Council selected Lou Sarti, a retired police officer and long-time resident of Englishtown who had served as President of the Englishtown Fire Department, to fill the unexpired term of the vacated seat.[49]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Englishtown is located in the 4th Congressional District[50] and is part of New Jersey's 12th state legislative district.[9][51][52] Prior to the 2010 Census, Englishtown had been part of the 12th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[53]

For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Chris Smith (R, Hamilton Township).[54][55] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[56] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).[57][58]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 12th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Samuel D. Thompson (R, Old Bridge Township) and in the General Assembly by Robert D. Clifton (R, Matawan) and Ronald S. Dancer (R, Plumsted Township).[59][60]

Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director.[61] As of 2020, Monmouth County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2022; term as freeholder director ends 2021),[62] Freeholder Deputy Director Susan M. Kiley (R, Hazlet Township, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2021; term as deputy freeholder director ends 2021),[63] Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township, 2020),[64] Nick DiRocco (R, Wall Township, 2022),[65] and Patrick G. Impreveduto (R, Holmdel Township, 2020)[66].

Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County clerk Christine Giordano Hanlon (R, 2020; Ocean Township),[67][68] Sheriff Shaun Golden (R, 2022; Howell Township),[69][70] and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (R, 2021; Middletown Township).[71][72]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,115 registered voters in Englishtown, of which 238 (21.3%) were registered as Democrats, 252 (22.6%) were registered as Republicans and 625 (56.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[73]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 54.3% of the vote (428 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 44.5% (351 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (9 votes), among the 794 ballots cast by the borough's 1,281 registered voters (6 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 62.0%.[74][75] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 52.1% of the vote (411 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 45.2% (357 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (8 votes), among the 789 ballots cast by the borough's 1,118 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.6%.[76] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 55.8% of the vote (387 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 42.7% (296 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (5 votes), among the 693 ballots cast by the borough's 1,010 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 68.6.[77]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 72.7% of the vote (320 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 23.6% (104 votes), and other candidates with 3.6% (16 votes), among the 443 ballots cast by the borough's 1,283 registered voters (3 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 34.5%.[78][79] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 70.2% of the vote (358 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 22.9% (117 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.9% (30 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (4 votes), among the 510 ballots cast by the borough's 1,083 registered voters, yielding a 47.1% turnout.[80]

Education[edit]

Public school students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Manalapan-Englishtown Regional School District, which also serves children from Manalapan Township.[81] Manalapan and Englishtown formally joined together as a regional elementary school district in 1963, with an initial enrollment of 1,140 students.[82] As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of eight schools, had an enrollment of 5,038 students and 412.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.2:1.[83] Over 90% of the district's students are from Manalapan. Schools in the district (with 2017–18 enrollment from the National Center for Education Statistics[84]) are John I. Dawes Early Learning Center[85] (405 students; in PreK and K), Clark Mills School[86] (528; 1-5), Lafayette Mills School[87] (511; 1-5), Milford Brook School[88] (533; K-5), Taylor Mills School[89] (570; K-5), Wemrock Brook School[90] (627; 1-5), Pine Brook School[91] (616; 6th grade) and Manalapan-Englishtown Middle School[92] (1,223; 7 & 8).[93] The district is overseen by a nine-member board of education, which sets policy and oversees the fiscal and educational operation of the district;[94][95] Seats on the board are allocated based on population, with one seat assigned to Englishtown.[96]

Students from Englishtown in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend Manalapan High School as part of the Freehold Regional High School District (FRHSD).[97][98] The Freehold Regional High School District also serves students from Colts Neck Township, Englishtown, Farmingdale, Freehold Borough, Freehold Township, Howell Township and Marlboro Township.[99][100] As of the 2017–18 school year, Manalapan High School had an enrollment of 1,941 students and 126.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 15.4:1.[101] Students may apply to attend one of the district's six specialized learning centers, including the Science and Engineering Learning Center hosted at Manalapan High School.[102] The FRHSD board of education has nine members, who are elected to three-year terms from each of the constituent districts.[103] Each member is allocated a fraction of a vote that totals to nine points, with Englishtown allocated one member, who has 0.5 votes.[104]

Public high school students also have the option of attending one of the Monmouth County Vocational School District's five career academies.[105]

Transportation[edit]

CR 522 entering Englishtown

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 6.42 miles (10.33 km) of roadways, of which 4.44 miles (7.15 km) were maintained by the municipality and 1.98 miles (3.19 km) by Monmouth County.[106]

County Route 522 and County Route 527 are the most prominent roads directly serving the borough.[107][108]

Public transportation[edit]

NJ Transit bus service between Englishtown and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan is available on the 139 route.[109]

Old Bridge Airport and Mar Bar L Farms municipal airport are within 2½ miles of Englishtown, offering short-distance flights to surrounding areas.

Points of interest[edit]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Englishtown include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sites To See In & Around Englishtown". Borough of Englishtown. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e f 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
  3. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Departments, Borough of Englishtown. Accessed March 29, 2020.
  5. ^ 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 63.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Englishtown, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Englishtown borough, Monmouth County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Englishtown borough Archived August 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  11. ^ a b Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions in New Jersey: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived May 26, 2015, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 31, 2013.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Englishtown, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Englishtown, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed January 18, 2018.
  16. ^ a b U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ Geographic codes for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 1, 2019.
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  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  20. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 179. Accessed July 29, 2012.
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  22. ^ Dalik, Richard J. Manalpan and Englishtown, p. 7. Arcadia Publishing, 197. ISBN 9780738590172. "The village of Englishtown received its name from James English, a proprietor of the land and an original settler."
  23. ^ A Short History of the Borough of Englishtown, Borough of Englishtown. Accessed March 29, 2020.
  24. ^ Areas touching Englishtown, MapIt. Accessed March 29, 2020.
  25. ^ Regional Location Map, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed March 29, 2020.
  26. ^ New Jersey Municipal Boundaries, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed November 15, 2019.
  27. ^ DeMarco, Megan. "Voters to decide whether to merge two Princetons into one", The Star-Ledger, November 3, 2011. Accessed January 8, 2017. "There are 22 sets of 'doughnut towns' in New Jersey, those where one town wraps around the other town". Note that following voter approval of the Princeton merger, 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" remain.
  28. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
  29. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 31, 2013.
  30. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed December 3, 2012.
  31. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 717. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  32. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed June 28, 2015.
  33. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Englishtown borough, New Jersey Archived August 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  34. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Englishtown borough, Monmouth County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  35. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Englishtown borough, Monmouth County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  36. ^ Inventory of Municipal Forms of Government in New Jersey, Rutgers University Center for Government Studies, July 1, 2011. Accessed November 18, 2019.
  37. ^ Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask" Archived September 24, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed November 30, 2014.
  38. ^ "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 6. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
  39. ^ 2019 Municipal Data Sheet, Borough of Englishtown. Accessed March 29, 2020.
  40. ^ Monmouth County Directory 2018, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2019.
  41. ^ General Election November 5, 2019 Official Results, Monmouth County, New Jersey Clerk, updated December 16, 2019. Accessed January 1, 2020.
  42. ^ General Election November 6, 2018 Official Results, Monmouth County, New Jersey Clerk, updated January 7, 2020. Accessed February 8, 2020.
  43. ^ General Election November 7, 2017 Official Results, Monmouth County, New Jersey Clerk, updated November 17, 2017. Accessed January 1, 2018.
  44. ^ Sockol, Matthew. "Englishtown officials select Francisco to fill council seat", CentralJersey.com, October 29, 2019. Accessed March 29, 2020. "Daniel Francisco has been selected to fill an open seat on the Englishtown Borough Council. The seat on the governing body was previously held by Lori Cooke, who had been a member of the council since 2006. Borough officials said Cooke’s seat was vacated under a state statute after she was absent without an excuse from three consecutive meetings."
  45. ^ Rosman, Mark. "Englishtown council adopts $2.36M budget", News Transcript, April 28, 2016. Accessed March 29, 2020. "Finally, the council members appointed Eric Mann to fill the seat that was left open by the recent resignation of Rudolph Rucker. Mann will serve the remainder of 2016. Prior to his appointment, Mann had filed to run in the Nov. 8 election to serve the final year of Rucker's term (2017)."
  46. ^ General Election November 8, 2016 Official Results, Monmouth County, New Jersey Clerk, updated December 8, 2016. Accessed January 30, 2017.
  47. ^ Rossos, Katrina. "Englishtown Council Passes Resolution Vacating Councilwoman's Seat: Carr has not attended Englishtown Council meetings since December 2011, causing the council to deem her seat vacant according to New Jersey statute.", Manalapan, NJ Patch, March 30, 2012. Accessed March 31, 2012. "At the Englishtown Council Meeting on Wednesday, a resolution was unanimously passed deeming Councilwoman Jayne Carr's seat vacant; Carr was absent.... Carr has been absent from Englishtown Council meetings since December 2011, Youssouf said, so Carr's seat must be deemed vacant according to New Jersey law. The council was enforcing the state law by approving this resolution. Carr has not been at Englishtown Council meetings because she said she did not want to endanger the lives of the public and other council members since she received a death threat in the mail last year."
  48. ^ Rosman, Mark. " Englishtown council censures Councilwoman CarrBorough official says she has missed meetings because of a death threat", News Transcript, November 23, 2011. Accessed February 17, 2015. "The Englishtown Borough Council has passed a resolution censuring and reprimanding Councilwoman Jayne Carr.... According to the title of the resolution, Carr was censured 'for conduct detrimental to the orderly conduct of borough governance and violating standards of decorum and debate of a public body.'"
  49. ^ Rossos, Katrina. "Englishtown Fire Dept. President Sworn in as New Councilman; The Council unanimously voted to have Lou Sarti fill the vacant seat.", ManalapanPatch, April 30, 2012. Accessed December 3, 2012. "The Englishtown Council chose and swore in a new Republican Council member at their Mayor and Council meeting on Wednesday. Lou Sarti, President of the Englishtown Fire Department, will be filling Jayne Carr's unexpired term until Dec. 31 of this year."
  50. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  51. ^ 2019 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed October 30, 2019.
  52. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  53. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government Archived June 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, p. 57, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
  54. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 3, 2019.
  55. ^ Biography, Congressman Chris Smith. Accessed January 3, 2019. "Elected in 1980, U.S. Rep. Chris Smith (R-Hamilton, N.J.) is currently in his 19th two-year term in the U.S. House of Representatives, and serves residents of the Fourth Congressional District of New Jersey."
  56. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  57. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  58. ^ Senators of the 116th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed April 17, 2019. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
  59. ^ Legislative Roster 2018-2019 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 22, 2018.
  60. ^ District 12 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 22, 2018.
  61. ^ Monmouth County Government, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
  62. ^ Freeholder Thomas A. Arnone, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed May 18, 2020.
  63. ^ Freeholder Susan M. Kiley, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed May 18, 2020.
  64. ^ Freeholder Lillian G. Burry, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed May 18, 2020.
  65. ^ Freeholder John P. Curley, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed May 18, 2020.
  66. ^ Freeholder Patrick Impreveduto, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
  67. ^ The Monmouth County Clerk, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed May 18, 2020.
  68. ^ Members List: Clerks, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed May 18, 2020.
  69. ^ About Sheriff Shaun Golden, Monmouth County Sheriff's Office. Accessed May 18, 2020.
  70. ^ Members List: Sheriffs, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed May 18, 2020.
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