Taglish

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Not to be confused with Tanglish.

Taglish is code-switching between English, similar to American English, and Tagalog, the common languages of the Philippines. Taglish is a language with a mix of Tagalog and American English.

Taglish is used by Filipinos in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, the United States and the United Kingdom. It is used in text messages to write more quickly.

It also has several variants, including Coño English, Jejenese and Swardspeak.

Characteristics[edit]

Taglish is a language of Manila created by mixing the American English and the Tagalog languages together.[1][2][3] The language is used because Tagalog words are longer than words in American English. Example:

English Tagalog Taglish / Englog
Could you explain it to me? Maaaring ipaunawà mo sa akin? Maaaring i-explain mo sa akin?
Could you shed light on it for me? Pakipaliwanag mo sa akin? Paki-explain mo sa akin?
Have you finished your homework? Natapos mo na ba yung takdáng-aralín mo? Finished na ba yung homework mo?
Please call the driver. Pakitawag ang tsuper. Pakí-call ang driver.

English action words (American English), and even some naming words, can be Tagalog action words. This is done by the addition of one or more prefixes or infixes and by the doubling of the first sound of the starting form of the action or naming word.

The English action word drive can be changed to the Tagalog word magda-drive meaning will drive (used in place of the Tagalog word magmamaneho). The English naming word Internet can also be changed to the Tagalog word nag-Internet meaning have used the Internet.

Taglish and Englog also use sentences of mixed English (American English) or Tagalog words and phrases. The conjunctions used to connect them can come from any of the two. Some examples include:

English Tagalog Taglish / Englog
I will shop at the mall later. Bibilí ako sa pámilihan mámayâ. Magsya-shopping ako sa mall mámayâ.
Have you printed the report? Naimprenta mo na ba ang ulat? Na-print mo na ba ang report?
Please turn on the aircon. Pakibuksán yung erkon. Pakibuksan yung aircon.
Take the LRT to school. Mag-tren ka papuntáng paaralán. Mag-LRT ka papuntáng school.
I cannot relate to the topic of his lecture. Hindi akó makaintindí sa paksâ ng talumpatì niya. Hindi akó maka-relate sa topic ng lecture niya.[4]
Could you fax your estimate tomorrow. Pakipadalá na lang ng pagtayà mo sa akin bukas. Paki-fax na lang ng estimate mo sa akin bukas.[4]
Eat now or else you will not get fat. Kumain ka na ngayon kundi Hindi ka tátabâ. Eat now or else Hindi ka tátabâ.[5]

Because of its informal nature, experts of English and Tagalog discourage its use.[6][7][8][9]

Forms[edit]

Swardspeak[edit]

Swardspeak is a kind of Taglish/Englog used by the bakla demographic of the Philippines. It is a form of slang that uses words and terms from Tagalog, English, Spanish, Cebuano and Hiligaynon as well as Japanese, Korean, Chinese, Sanskrit, and several other languages. Names of celebrities, fictional characters, and trademarks are also used.[10][11]

Coño English[edit]

Coño English (Tagalog: Konyo) or Colegiala English (Spanish]]: /koleˈxjala/) is a creole of Taglish/Englog that originated from the younger generations of rich families in Manila.[12] The word coño itself came from the Spanish word coño. It is a form of Philippine English that has mixed Spanish, American English, and Tagalog words.

Cono English is a language with mixture of American English, Tagalog, and Spanish.

The most common aspect of Coño English is the building of verbs by using the English word make with the base form of a Tagalog action word:

English Tagalog Coño English
Let's skewer the fishballs. Tusukin natin ang mga pishbol. Let's tusok-tusok the fishballs.[4]
Tell me the story of what happened... Ikwento mo sa akin kung ano ang nangyari... Make kwento to me what happened...

And adding conjunction word like so before using a Tagalog adjective to finish the sentence. Examples:

English Tagalog Coño English
He stinks! Ang baho niya! He's like so mabaho!
We were all annoyed with him. Kinaiinisan namin siya. We're like so inis sa kanya!

Sometimes, Tagalog interjections such as ano, naman, pa, na (or nah), no (or noh), a (or ha), e (or eh), and o (or oh) are placed to add emphasis.

No and a (from the Tagalog word ano) are used for questions and are added only to the end of a sentence. Ano (meaning what) is also used for questions and is placed in the front or the end.

E (added to answers to questions) and o (for statements) are used for exclamations and are added to the front only. Pa (meaning not yet, not yet done, to continue, or still) and na (meaning now, already, or already done) can be placed in the middle or end. Naman (the same as na but mostly only for emphasus) is placed anywhere.

The interjection no? (equal to the Spanish ¿no? and the German nicht?) is pronounced as /no/ or /nɔ/, with a pure vowel instead of the English glide, which shows influence from Spanish.

English Tagalog Coño English
I feel so hot already; please fan me now. Naiinitan na ako; paypayan mo naman ako. I'm so init na; make me naman paypay.
You wait here while I fetch my friend, all right? Hintayin mo ako habang sinusundo ko ang kaibigan ko, a? You make hintay here while I make sundo my friend, a?
What, you will still eat that apple after it already fell on the floor? Ano, kakainin mo pa ang mansanas na'yan matapos mahulog na iyan sa sahig? Ano, you will make kain pa that apple after it made hulog na on the sahig?

English adjectives are often replaced with Tagalog verbs. The language also has many Spanish words like baño ("bathroom"), tostado ("toasted") and jamón ("ham").

English Tagalog Coño English
They're so competent! Magaling sila! They're so galing!
Where's the bathroom? Nasaan ang palikuran? Where's the baño?
Keep my ham on the grill. Itago mo lang ang hamon ko sa ihawan. Make tago my jamón on the grill.
I want my ham toasted. Gusto kong tostado ang hamon ko. I want my jamón tostado.

The feminine sound of Coño English makes male speakers sometimes overuse the Tagalog word pare (which means "pal" or "buddy") to make it sound more masculine. Sometimes tsong (same meaning) is used instead of pare or with it:

English Tagalog Coño English
Dude, he's so unreliable. Pare, ang labo niya. Pare, he's so malabo, pare.
Dude, he's so unreliable. Tsong, ang labo niya. Tsong, he's so malabo, tsong.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Globalization of English". WebProNews. www.webpronews.com. Retrieved 2008-01-01. 
  2. ^ Wikang Taglish, Kamulatang Taglish, article by Virgilio S. Almario.
  3. ^ PAGASA VOWS : No more jargon, just plain ‘Taglish,’ in weather reports. The Philippine Daily Inquirer. Posted date: March 23, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c Taglish is not the enemy. October 30, 2006 12:00 AM. The Philippine Star.
  5. ^ Experts discourage use of ‘Taglish’. The Philippine Daily Inquirer. 20:58:00 11/04/2009
  6. ^ Tagalog, English, or Taglish?. Manila Bulletin. March 20, 2005, 8:00am
  7. ^ Filipino English, not Taglish. Manila Bulletin. September 7, 2004, 8:00am.
  8. ^ Stop using ‘Taglish,’ teachers, students told. Manila Bulletin. June 1, 2006, 8:00am.
  9. ^ Manila Journal; Land of 100 Tongues, but Not a Single Language. The New York Times. Published: December 02, 1987.
  10. ^ "Gayspeak: Not for gays only". http://www.thepoc.net. 30 April 2010. Retrieved 23 December 2010.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  11. ^ "GAY LANGUAGE: DEFYING THE STRUCTURAL LIMITS OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN THE PHILIPPINES". Kritika Kultura, Issue 11. Kritika Kultura. August 2008. Retrieved 25 December 2010. 
  12. ^ The Routledge concise history of Southeast Asian writing in English. Routledge. 2010. New York City.

External links[edit]