Enguerrand de Monstrelet
Enguerrand de Monstrelet (c. 1400 – 20 July 1453), was a French chronicler. He was born in Picardy, most likely into a family of the minor nobility.
In 1436 and later he held the office of lieutenant of the gavenier (i.e. receiver of the gave, a kind of church rate) at Cambrai, and he seems to have made this city his usual place of residence. He was for some time bailiff of the cathedral chapter and then provost of Cambrai. He was married and left some children when he died.
Little else is known about Monstrelet except that he was present, not at the capture of Joan of Arc, but at her subsequent interrogation with Philip the Good, duke of Burgundy. Continuing the work of Froissart, Monstrelet wrote a Chronique, which extends to two books and covers the period between 1400 and 1444, when, according to another chronicler, Mathieu d'Escouchy, he ceased to write. But following a custom which was by no means uncommon in the Middle Ages, a clumsy sequel, extending to 1516, was formed out of various chronicles and tacked onto his work.
Monstrelet's own writings, dealing with the latter part of the Hundred Years' War, are valuable because they contain a large number of documents which are certainly, and reported speeches which are probably, authentic. The author, however, shows little power of narration; his work, although clear, is dull, and is strongly tinged with the pedantry of its century, the most pedantic in French history. His somewhat ostentatious assertions of impartiality do not cloak a marked preference for the Burgundians in their struggle with France.
Among many editions of the Chronique may be mentioned those of J.-A. Buchon (1826) and the one edited for the Société de I'histoire de France by M Douet d'Arcq (Paris, 1857–1862), which, however, is not very good. See Auguste Molinier, Les Sources de I'histoire de France, vols. IV and V (Paris, 1904).
- Doüet-d'Arcq, L., ed. (1857). Chroniques d'Enguerrand de Monstrelet: en deux livres, avec pièces justificatives (nouvelle edition). Collection des chroniques nationales françaises. 1. Paris: Mme. Ve J. Renouard.
- Wijsman, Hanno.History in Transition. Enguerrand de Monstrelet’s Chronique in Manuscript and Print (c.1450-c.1600). Academia.edu. Retrieved July 23, 2012
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Monstrelet, Enguerrand de". Encyclopædia Britannica. 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 745.
- Online text of the Chronique in English - 19th century translation.