Rice paddy snake

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Rice paddy snake
Hypiscopus plumbea, Rice paddy snake 2.jpg
Enhydris plumbea
from Phetchabun Provonce, West Thailand
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Homalopsidae
Genus: Hypsiscopus
Species: H. plumbea
Binomial name
Hypsiscopus plumbea
(F. Boie, 1827)

The rice paddy snake (Hypsiscopus plumbea) is a species of mildly venomous, rear-fanged, colubrid snake endemic to South Asia.

Geographic range[edit]

H. plumbea is found in India, Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, southeastern China, Thailand, and Vietnam.


The rice paddy snake is a common and abundant species associated with all sorts of wet habitats.


DNA evidence suggests that this taxon might be a species complex.[1]


The rice paddy snake is a relatively small snake, reaching a total length (including tail) of up to 72 cm (28 in).[3]


  1. ^ a b Murphy, J. (2010). "Enhydris plumbea". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2010: e.T176699A7285894. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T176699A7285894.en. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Hypsiscopus plumbea ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  3. ^ Breuer, Hans; William Christopher Murphy (2009–2010). "Enhydris plumbea". Snakes of Taiwan. Retrieved 13 October 2012. External link in |work= (help)

Further reading[edit]

  • Boie, F. (1827). "Bemerkungen über Merrem's Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien, 1. Lieferung: Ophidier ". Isis van Oken [Jena] 20: 508-566. (Homalopsis plumbea, new species, p. 550).
  • Boulenger, G.A. (1896). Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume III., Containing the Colubridæ (Opisthoglyphæ and Proteroglyphæ), ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiv + 727 pp. + Plates I-XXV. (Hypsirhina plumbea, pp. 5–6).
  • Das, Indraneil. (2006). A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Borneo. Sanibel Island, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books. 144 pp. ISBN 0-88359-061-1. (Enhydris plumbea, p. 34).
  • Ghodke, Sameer; Harry V. Andrews. (2002). Enhydris plumbea (Boie, 1827) (Serpentes: Colubridae: Homalopsinae), a new record for India. Hamadryad 26 (2): 373-375. [2001]
  • Gray, J.E. (1842). Monographic Synopsis of the Water Snakes, or the Family Hydridae. Zoological Miscellany 1842: 59-68. (Hypsirhina plumbea, p. 66).
  • Smith, M.A. (1943). The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-region. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. III.—Serpentes. London: Secretary of State for India. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xii + 583 pp. (Enhydris plumbea, pp. 382–383, Figure 122).
  • Stejneger, Leonard. (1907). Herpetology of Japan and Adjacent Territory. United States National Museum Bulletin 58. Washington, District of Columbia: Smithsonian Institution. xx + 577 pp. (Enhydris plumbea, pp. 300–302, Figures 260-262).
  • Voris, Harold K.; Karns, Daryl R. (1996). Habitat utilization, movements, and activity patterns of Enhydris plumbea (Serpentes: Homalopsinae) in a rice paddy wetland in Borneo. Herpetological Natural History 4 (2): 111-126.