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Ena montana.jpg
A live individual of Ena montana
Scientific classification

B. B. Woodward, 1903 (1880)

See text

Enidae is a family of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks.


In this family, the number of haploid chromosomes lies between 21 and 25 (according to the values in this table).[1]


1998 taxonomy[edit]

The following subfamilies of Enidae are based on work by Schileyko (1998)[2] and they are in use mainly by Russian malacologists:[3]

  • subfamily Pseudonapaeinae
  • subfamily Chondrulopsininae
  • subfamily Merdigerinae
  • subfamily Buliminusinae
  • subfamily Andronakiinae
  • subfamily Retowskiinae
  • subfamily Eninae - including Chondrula
  • subfamily Multidentulini

2005 taxonomy[edit]

The following two subfamilies have been recognized in the taxonomy of Bouchet & Rocroi (2005):

  • subfamily Eninae B. B. Woodward, 1903 (1880)
    • tribus Enini B. B. Woodward, 1903 (1880) - synonyms: Napaeinae A. J. Wagner, 1928; Jaminiinae Thiele, 1931; Pseudonapaeinae Schileyko, 1978; Retowskiinae Schileyko, 1978; Andronakiinae Schileyko, 1998
    • tribus Chondrulini Wenz, 1923
    • tribus Multidentulini Schileyko, 1978 - synonyms: Chondrulopsininae Schileyko, 1978; Merdigerinae Schileyko, 1984; Euchondrinae Schileyko, 1998
  • subfamily Buliminusinae Kobelt, 1880 - synonym Buliminidae Pfeiffer, 1879


Genera within the family Enidae include:

subfamilia Eninae

either in Enini or in Chondrulini[clarification needed]

subfamily Buliminusinae

subfamily ?


  1. ^ Barker G. M.: Gastropods on Land: Phylogeny, Diversity and Adaptive Morphology. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited pages: 139 and 142.
  2. ^ Schileyko A. A. (1998). Treatise on Recent terrestrial pulmonate molluscs. Part 2. Gastrocoptidea, Hypselostomatidae, Vertiginidae, Truncatellinidae, Pachynodidae, Enidae, Sagdidae. Ruthenica Supplement 2(2): 129-261.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai Kantor Yu I., Vinarski M. V., Schileyko A. A. & Sysoev A. V.(published online on December 22, 2009). "Catalogue of the continental mollusks of Russia and adjacent territories". Version 2.3.
  4. ^ Páll-Gergely, Barna (2009). "REVISION OF THE TURKISH RAMUSCULUS TAXA WITH DESCRIPTION OF AYNA GEN. NOV. (GASTROPODA: PULMONATA: ENIDAE)". 40 (1): 73–77. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ Schileyko A. A. (2007). "On the genus Mastoides Westerlund, 1896 (Pulmonata, Enidae)". Ruthenica 17(1-2): 85-87. abstract.
  6. ^ Hausdorf H. (1999) "A new genus of the Buliminidae from Turkey (Gastropoda: S tylommatophora)" Journal of Natural History 33: 149-154. PDF Archived 2006-11-02 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ a b Altaba C. R. (2007). "A new genus and species of Enidae (Gastopoda (sic!): Pulmonata) from the Quaternary of the Balearic Islands (Western Mediterranean)". Zootaxa 1595: 43-52. first page only.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Enidae at Wikimedia Commons