Enkhelyawon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Enkhelyawon (Mycenaean Greek: ๐€๐€๐ˆ๐€บ, e-ke-rja-wo)[n 1] was possibly a Mycenaean king from Pylos in the 13th century BCE.

Enkhelyawon is known from Linear B records from Pylos. He was very important and owned great estates, including good farm land, a thousand grapevines and a thousand fig trees; he also had forty men serving as rowers in the fleet.[1] Because of this it is assumed that he was a king[1][2] - Mycenaean Greek: wanax; Linear B: ๐€ท๐€™๐€, wa-na-ka; later Greek: แผ„ฮฝฮฑฮพ, anax - and that he ruled over Pylos. But as kings are only mentioned by their title in texts of Linear B, it is not possible to conclusively prove this theory.

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ rja stands for the *76 or ra2 Linear B sign. Enkhelyawon or Enkheljฤwลn is a possible yet uncertain reconstruction of the name. The attested forms of this word - though there are also other attested words that could possibly be variants thereof - are ๐€๐€๐ˆ๐€บ, e-ke-rja-wo (thought to be the nominative case form), ๐€๐€๐ˆ๐€บ๐€œ, e-ke-rja-wo-no (thought to be the genitive form), and ๐€๐€๐ˆ๐€บ๐€š, e-ke-rja-wo-ne (thought to be the dative form), found respectively, on the PY Un 718, PY An 610 and PY An 724 tablets.[1][2][3][4]
References
  1. ^ a b c Chadwick, John (1976). The Mycenaean World. Cambridge University Press. pp. 71โ€“72. ISBN 0521210771.  At Google Books.
  2. ^ a b Best, Jan (2010). "The Language of Linear A". In Best, Jan; Woudhuizen, Fred. Lost Languages from the Mediterranean. E.J. Brill. p. 13. ISBN 9004089349.  At Google Books.
  3. ^ Raymoure, K.A. "e-ke-ra2-wo". Minoan Linear A & Mycenaean Linear B. Deaditerranean. 
  4. ^ "PY 718 Un (24)".  "PY 610 An + frr.: 9 + frr.: 7 + fr. [+] 1151 (1)".  "PY 724 An + frr.: 3 (1)". Dฤ€MOS: Database of Mycenaean at Oslo. University of Oslo. 

Sources[edit]

See also[edit]