Enkhelyawon is known from Linear B records from Pylos. He was very important and owned great estates, including good farm land, a thousand grapevines and a thousand fig trees; he also had forty men serving as rowers in the fleet. Because of this it is assumed that he was a king - Mycenaean Greek: wanax; Linear B: 𐀷𐀙𐀏, wa-na-ka; later Greek: ἄναξ, anax - and that he ruled over Pylos. But as kings are only mentioned by their title in texts of Linear B, it is not possible to conclusively prove this theory.
Notes and references
- rja stands for the *76 or ra2 Linear B sign. Enkhelyawon or Enkheljāwōn is a possible yet uncertain reconstruction of the name. The attested forms of this word - though there are also other attested words that could possibly be variants thereof - are 𐀁𐀐𐁈𐀺, e-ke-rja-wo (thought to be the nominative case form), 𐀁𐀐𐁈𐀺𐀜, e-ke-rja-wo-no (thought to be the genitive form), and 𐀁𐀐𐁈𐀺𐀚, e-ke-rja-wo-ne (thought to be the dative form), found respectively, on the PY Un 718, PY An 610 and PY An 724 tablets.
- Chadwick, John (1976). The Mycenaean World. Cambridge University Press. pp. 71–72. ISBN 0521210771. At Google Books.
- Best, Jan (2010). "The Language of Linear A". In Best, Jan; Woudhuizen, Fred. Lost Languages from the Mediterranean. E.J. Brill. p. 13. ISBN 9004089349. At Google Books.
- Raymoure, K.A. "e-ke-ra2-wo". Minoan Linear A & Mycenaean Linear B. Deaditerranean.
- "PY 718 Un (24)". "PY 610 An + frr.: 9 + frr.: 7 + fr. [+] 1151 (1)". "PY 724 An + frr.: 3 (1)". DĀMOS: Database of Mycenaean at Oslo. University of Oslo.
- Schofield, Louise (2009). Mykene. Geschichte und Mythos (in German). Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern. p. 120. ISBN 978-3-8053-3943-8.