Enmore, New South Wales

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Enmore
SydneyNew South Wales
Enmore 1.JPG
Victorian commercial building, Enmore and Edgeware Roads
Population3,880 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density8,405/km2 (21,770/sq mi)
Postcode(s)2042
Area0.4 km2 (0.2 sq mi)
Location5 km (3 mi) from CBD
LGA(s)Inner West Council
State electorate(s)Newtown
Federal Division(s)Grayndler
Suburbs around Enmore:
Stanmore Stanmore Newtown
Petersham Enmore Newtown
Marrickville Marrickville Newtown
Map of Enmore
The Art Deco style of the Enmore Theatre, Enmore Road

Enmore is a suburb in the Inner West[2] of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Enmore is located 5 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district and is part of the local government area of Inner West Council.[3]

History[edit]

Enmore was named after Enmore House, built in 1835 by Captain Sylvester Browne, a master mariner with the British East India Company. Browne named his house after the Guyana estate of a business associate, the head of James Cavan & Co, which in turn took its name from Enmore in Somerset, England. Browne's son wrote several Australian classics, including Robbery Under Arms, under the name of Rolf Boldrewood.

In 1836, there was a report of snowfall in the suburb. Weather observer T.A Browne stated, "the years 1836, 1837 and 1838 were years of drought, and in one of these years [1836] a remarkable thing happened. There was a fall of snow; we made snowballs at Enmore and enjoyed the usual schoolboy amusements therewith".[4]

Enmore House was the home of the Josephson family from 1842 to 1883, when it was demolished. After Josephson's death, his son Joshua Frey Josephson lived there until 1883. Joshua Frey Josephson had four sons and nine daughters from three marriages. One son, Joshua Percy Josephson, was Mayor of Marrickville in 1901. Five streets are named after five of the daughters: Clara, Laura, Marian, Pearl and Sarah.[5]

The house at 75 London Street is listed on the Register of the National Estate. It was built circa 1900 and stands out as a notable example of the Federation Queen Anne style, with elaborate Art Nouveau elements.[6]

Enmore is home to Sydney's oldest running live theatre. Built in 1908, the Enmore Theatre is a heritage listed building that plays host to many international bands including; KISS, Nas, Pulp, Massive Attack, Morrissey, Grizzly Bear, Brandy, The Rolling Stones, Oasis, Paramore, Coldplay, Ween, The Offspring, Arctic Monkeys, The White Stripes, Gillian Welch, Noel Gallagher, Kraftwerk, Marilyn Manson, The Tea Party and Nightwish. Up until the 1980s, the theatre also served as a revival cinema screening classic and contemporary films.

Heritage listings[edit]

Enmore has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Commercial area[edit]

Enmore is primarily residential, although there is a commercial strip along Enmore Road, which turns off the more famous King Street, Newtown. The now disused, former Enmore Post Office (built 1895) on the corner of Enmore and Stanmore Roads, is listed on the Register of the National Estate as an example of Federation Queen Anne architecture.[8] It was designed by the government architect, Walter Liberty Vernon.

Schools[edit]

The suburb is home to the Design Campus of the Sydney Institute, on the site of the former Enmore Boys High School.

Culture[edit]

  • The Enmore Theatre is a renowned live music and comedy venue.
  • The Sly Fox, a lesbian/mixed pub. Both Enmore and Newtown have a significant gay and lesbian population.
  • Enmore is also a focus for goth subculture in Sydney, with related speciality stores. Enmore Road hosts the annual 'Under the Blue Moon' goth festival.

Population[edit]

At the 2016 census, there were 3,880 residents in Enmore.

  • 62.8% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was England at 4.9%.
  • 71.3% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Greek at 3.3%.
  • The top responses for religious affiliation were No Religion 52.4% and Catholic 14.3%.
  • Major industries of employment in Enmore included Higher Education at 5.6%.
  • Of occupied private dwellings, 45.4% were semi-detached houses, 34.1% were flat or apartments and 14.7% were separate houses.
  • 50.2% of people were renting their home and this was considerably higher than the national rate of 30.9% for renting.[1]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Enmore (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 February 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ Australian Suburb Guide: Sydney Inner West Archived 26 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  3. ^ Gregory's Sydney Street Directory, Gregory's Publishing Company, 2007
  4. ^ MacDonnell, Freda. Thomas Nelson (Australia) Limited, 1967. Before King’s Cross
  5. ^ Book of Sydney Suburbs, Frances Pollon (Angus and Robertson) 1990, p.99
  6. ^ The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p.2/44
  7. ^ "Stanmore House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00662. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  8. ^ "Enmore Post Office (former) (Place ID 19168)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 27 October 2008.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°54′02″S 151°10′04″E / 33.90067°S 151.16768°E / -33.90067; 151.16768