Ennis (UK Parliament constituency)

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Ennis
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18011885
Number of members One
Replaced by East Clare

Ennis is a former United Kingdom Parliament constituency, in Ireland, returning one MP. It was an original constituency represented in Parliament when the Union of Great Britain and Ireland took effect on 1 January 1801.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency was the Parliamentary borough of Ennis in County Clare.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party Note
1801 John Ormsby Vandeleur Tory 1801: Co-opted
1802 Rt Hon. James Fitzgerald Tory Resigned (appointed Escheator of Munster)
1808 Rt Hon. William Vesey-Fitzgerald Tory a
1812 Rt Hon. James Fitzgerald Tory Resigned (appointed Escheator of Munster)
1813 Rt Hon. William Vesey-Fitzgerald Tory a
1818 Spencer Perceval Tory Not the Prime Minister assassinated in 1812 but his son
1820 Sir Ross Mahon, Bt Tory Resigned (appointed Escheator of Munster)
1820 Richard Wellesley Tory
1826 Thomas Frankland Lewis Tory Resigned
1828 William Smith O'Brien Tory b
1831 Rt Hon. William Vesey-Fitzgerald Tory Succeeded as the 2nd Baron FitzGerald and Veseya
1832 Sir Augustine Fitzgerald, Bt Tory
1832 Francis McNamara Repeal Association
1835 Hewitt Bridgeman Liberal
1847 James Patrick Mahon Repeal Association
1852 Rt Hon. John Fitzgerald Liberal Became a member of the Independent Irish Party
1852 Independent Irish Appointed Solicitor-General for Ireland, as a Liberal
1855 Liberal Appointed Judge of the Irish Queen's Bench
1860 William Stacpoole Liberal Sought re-election as a Home Rule League candidate
1874 Home Rule League Died
1879 James Lysaght Finegan Home Rule League United Kingdom general election, 1880: Supporter of Parnellite faction. Resigned.
1882 Matthew Joseph Kenny Irish Parliamentary Last MP for the constituency
1885 Constituency abolished

Notes:-

  • a William Vesey Fitzgerald (MP for Ennis 1808–1812 and 1813–1818) appears to be the same person as William Vesey-Fitzgerald, the MP from 1831 to 1832. Walker includes all three terms as MP for Ennis in one index entry. The History of Parliament website confirms it was the same person and that he was also MP for Clare in 1818–1828, Newport, Cornwall in 1829 and Lostwithiel in 1830.[1]
  • b Stooks Smith classifies O'Brien as a Whig MP, but the Wikipedia biographical article suggests he was a Conservative MP (i.e. a Tory) in 1828–1831.

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

Fitzgerald resigned after being appointed a judge of the Queen's Bench, causing a by-election.

By-election, 20 February 1860: Ennis[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Stacpoole Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1865: Ennis[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Stacpoole 97 72.9 N/A
Liberal Chartres Brew Molony 36 27.1 N/A
Majority 61 45.9 N/A
Turnout 133 70.4 N/A
Registered electors 189
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 1868: Ennis[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Stacpoole Unopposed
Registered electors 231
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General Election 1874: Ennis[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule William Stacpoole 115 53.7 N/A
Home Rule The O'Gorman Mahon 99 46.3 N/A
Majority 16 7.5 N/A
Turnout 214 88.4 N/A
Registered electors 242
Home Rule gain from Liberal Swing N/A

Stacpoole's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 26 July 1879: Ennis[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule James Lysaght Finegan 83 38.8 N/A
Home Rule William O'Brien 77 36.0 N/A
Conservative William Henry Wilson Fitzgerald 54 25.2 N/A
Majority 6 2.8 −4.7
Turnout 214 86.6 −1.8
Registered electors 247
Home Rule hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1880: Ennis[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule (Parnellite) James Lysaght Finegan 124 56.6 N/A
Home Rule William O'Brien 95 43.4 N/A
Majority 29 13.2 +5.7
Turnout 219 88.7 +0.3
Registered electors 247
Home Rule hold Swing N/A

Finegan resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 14 Nov 1882: Ennis[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Matthew Joseph Kenny 136 58.9 +2.3
Conservative Robert William Carey Reeves 95 41.1 N/A
Majority 41 17.7 +4.5
Turnout 231 87.8 −0.9
Registered electors 263
Irish Parliamentary hold Swing N/A

References[edit]

  1. ^ "VESEY FITZGERALD (formerly FITZGERALD), William (?1782–1843), of Inchicronan, co. Clare". History of Parliament. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127.