Enoch, Utah

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Enoch, Utah
Location in Iron County and the state of Utah
Location in Iron County and the state of Utah
Coordinates: 37°45′32″N 113°2′23″W / 37.75889°N 113.03972°W / 37.75889; -113.03972Coordinates: 37°45′32″N 113°2′23″W / 37.75889°N 113.03972°W / 37.75889; -113.03972
CountryUnited States
StateUtah
CountyIron
FoundedMay 1851[1]
IncorporatedJanuary 10, 1966[1]
Founded byJoel H. Johnson
Named forEnoch
Area
 • Total7.84 sq mi (20.31 km2)
 • Land7.84 sq mi (20.31 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
5,545 ft (1,690 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total5,803
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
7,180
 • Density915.47/sq mi (353.46/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
84721
Area code435
FIPS code49-23200[4]
GNIS feature ID1437554[5]
Websitewww.cityofenoch.org

Enoch is a mostly rural and agricultural city in Iron County, Utah, United States, and is located approximately 7 miles (11 km) northeast of Cedar City in the northeast part of Cedar Valley. The population was 5,803 at the 2010 census,[6] up from 3,467 at the 2000 census. As of 2018 the estimated population was 7,039.[7]

Enoch was originally settled as part of an iron mission along with Cedar City and Parowan. The area was originally known as "Fort Johnson" and "Johnson Springs", after Joel H. Johnson, the earliest known white settler, who came to the area in 1851 with his family.[8] In 1890, the area's name was changed to "Enoch", to avoid confusion with another settlement in Utah also named Johnson Springs. Enoch was officially incorporated on January 10, 1966, absorbing nearby Grimshawville, Stevensville,[9] and Williamsville. The present name is after the Order of Enoch.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
190058
19106715.5%
1920165146.3%
1930161−2.4%
194019219.3%
19502025.2%
1970120
1980678465.0%
19901,947187.2%
20003,46778.1%
20105,80367.4%
2019 (est.)7,180[3]23.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 3,467 people, 958 households, and 858 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,047.1 people per square mile (404.4/km2). There were 1,029 housing units at an average density of 310.8 per square mile (120.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.78% White, 0.17% African American, 2.45% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.40% Pacific Islander, 1.07% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.54% of the population.

There were 958 households, out of which 59.0% had children under 18 living with them, 79.6% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 10.4% were non-families. 8.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.62, and the average family size was 3.86.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 41.2% under 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 15.4% from 45 to 64, and 3.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,368, and the median income for a family was $38,085. Males had a median income of $30,215 versus $19,688 for females. The per capita income was $11,424. About 7.2% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those aged 65 or over.

History[edit]

Enoch was founded by Joel H. Johnson. It was originally known as Johnson's Springs and Fort Johnson.

Enoch was incorporated on 10 January 1966 and at that time absorbed the neighboring communities of Grimshawville, Stevensville and Williamsville.[12]

In June 2011, a new stake of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was created. There are now the Enoch and Enoch West stakes. The dividing line is Minersville Highway.

In August 2021, the city sustained heavy flooding.[13][14] The mayor of Enoch declared a state of emergency and the Red Cross set up a shelter to help citizens who were displaced by flooding in their homes.[14] Iron County's emergency management coordinator reported that about 200 homes were damaged.[13]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Enoch has a marine west coast climate, abbreviated "Cfb" on climate maps.[15]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.2 square miles (18.7 km2), all land. Enoch is bordered to the south by Cedar City. Interstate 15 forms the southeastern border of Enoch, with access from Exit 62 to the south and Exit 71 to the northeast. I-15 leads north 245 miles (394 km) to Salt Lake City and southwest 175 miles (282 km) to Las Vegas.

Government[edit]

The current city council consists of Mayor Geoffrey Chesnut, with council members David Harris, Richard Jensen, Dave Owens, Katherine Ross, and Shawn Stoor.

The city is organized under a six-member council system of government where the mayor is a non-voting (except in the case of a tie) member. The mayor is charged with the executive duties of the city. Currently, the city has employed a City Manager to handle the day-to-day administration of the city.

Police shooting and aftermath[edit]

On 28 June 2018, Enoch police officer Jeremy Dunn shot and wounded Ivonne Casimiro during an auto theft arrest. In August, the Iron County Critical Incident Task Force found the shooting unjustified because Casimiro had made no direct threats and did not pose an immediate threat to anyone's life. The task force recommended criminal prosecution, stating that there was insufficient evidence to prove a crime had been committed. The City of Enoch subsequently decided that the use of force was justified and retained Officer Dunn on the force.[16][17]

Notable people[edit]

  • Texas Rose Bascom (1922-1993), rodeo trick rider and fancy trick roper, Hollywood actress, hall of fame inductee [18]
  • Joel Hills Johnson (1802-1882), inventor, religious leader, Mormon pioneer, published poet and gospel hymn composer, Utah politician, and judge, founded the town of Enoch

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Cities and Towns". Retrieved 29 January 2017. Founded: May 1851; Incorporated: January 10, 1966.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Enoch city, Utah". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 11, 2019.
  8. ^ "Utah Travel Center". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2017. Joel, Seth, Nephi, and Sextus Johnson were the first settlers in 1851, resulting in the name Fort Johnson and later Johnsons Settlement.
  9. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Stevensville
  10. ^ The Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine, Volumes 9-10. 1918. p. 124.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Enoch (Utah), agency history". Archived from the original on 2006-09-23. Retrieved 2006-11-30.
  13. ^ a b Bitsóí, Alastair Lee (2 August 2021). "Enoch prepped for floods. It didn't help when the rain came". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on 2 August 2021. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
  14. ^ a b Williams, Carter (2 August 2021). "Utah flooding aftermath: Enoch declares emergency; woman rescued from Stockton home". KSL.com. Archived from the original on 2 August 2021. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
  15. ^ Climate Summary for Enoch, Utah
  16. ^ "Officer shooting at Southern Utah truck stop not justified, task force says," DeForest JJ, Utah Spectrum 7 Aug 2018
  17. ^ "Utah city decides to keep officer on the force, despite shooting of woman that was ruled unjustified," Alberty, Erin, Salt Lake Tribune, 8 Aug 2018
  18. ^ "National Day of the Cowboy: Southern Utah cowgirl, cowboy honored".

External links[edit]