Enoch Derant Lakoué
|Enoch Derant Lakoué|
|Prime Minister of the Central African Republic|
26 February 1993 – 25 October 1993
|Preceded by||Timothée Malendoma|
|Succeeded by||Jean-Luc Mandaba|
|Born||October 5, 1944|
Lakoué was born on 5 October 1944 in Fort Lamy (now N'Djamena), Chad. He is a member of the Gbaya ethnic group. From 1960 to 1962 he studied at the Lycée Emile-Gentil in Bangui and subsequently studied economics.
He was appointed deputy director of trade and industry on 16 February 1968, and was promoted to director of industry on 1 February 1969. President Jean-Bedel Bokassa named Lakoué minister of transportation on 25 June 1970. He was named industry minister on 19 August and trade minister on 25 November. Lakoué was appointed minister of finance, industry, and trade on 29 December 1971, serving in this role until 27 October 1972. Afterwards he served as director general of the Banque de developpement des etats de l'Afrique centrale (BDEAC) until 1982. He also worked for the World Bank, the United Nations Development Program, and UNESCO.
Lakoué was briefly a member of the Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People, led by Ange-Félix Patassé. Lakoué was the candidate of the Social Democratic Party in the August 1993 presidential election, receiving 2.39% of the vote. He was appointed prime minister in February 1993, but resigned in October after failing to bring majer opposition parties into the government. He ran for president again in the September 1999 presidential election, receiving 1.33% of the vote. After the 1999 election, he refused to sign a declaration signed by the other opposition candidates that denounced the election due to irregularities, rejected the results in advance, and called for popular resistance; Lakoué said that he was "not in favor of disorder" and that his opposition to the government was moderate.
He was appointed director of the Bank of Central African States in 2003. He initially declared his candidacy in the 2005 presidential election, but withdrew it prior to the Constitutional Court's 30 December 2004 ruling on the validity of candidacies, choosing to remain in his position as head of the national administration of the Bank of Central African States. Following a rebellion in December 2012, a national unity government was appointed on 3 February 2013, composed of supporters of President François Bozizé, the opposition, and rebels. Lakoué was appointed to the government as Minister of State for the Economy, Planning, and Cooperation. He signed a national reconciliation agreement spearheaded by the Catholic Church on 27 February 2015.
- Central African Order of Industrial and Crafts Merit (1972)
- Bradshaw & Fandos-Rius 2016, p. 390
- "Rapport de la Mission Exploratoire en vue des Élections Présidentielles et Législatives du 22 août 1993", democratie.francophonie.org (French).
- "Rapport de la Mission d’Observation des Élections Présidentielles du 19 septembre 1999", democratie.francophonie.org (French).
- "Présidentielle en RCA: seuls cinq candidats admis à se présenter", Agence France-Presse, 30 December 2004 (French).
- "Centrafrique : Le gouvernement d'union nationale est formé", Xinhua, 4 February 2013 (French).
- Bradshaw, Richard; Fandos-Rius, Juan (2016). Historical Dictionary of the Central African Republic. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0810879921.
|Prime Minister of the Central African Republic